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Continuity and Change in Islamist Political Thought and Behavior: the Transformations of Armed Islamist Movements in Egypt and Algeria

Bahgat Korany

in The Changing Middle East: A New Look at Regional Dynamics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163531
eISBN:
9781617970368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163531.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The “historical leadership” in July 1997, of al-Jama'a al-Islamiya — the largest armed Islamist movement in Egypt during the 1980s and 1990s — declared a unilateral ceasefire. The declaration ran ... More


The Three Pillars of Radicalization: Needs, Narratives, and Networks

Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, and Rohan Gunaratna

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190851125
eISBN:
9780190851156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851125.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book identifies the three major determinants of radicalization that progresses into violent extremism, the three Ns of radicalization. The first determinant is the need: Individuals’ universal ... More


Memory, Interrupted: A Century of Remembering and Forgetting the Story of Women’s Suffrage

Carolyn Kitch

in Front Pages, Front Lines: Media and the Fight for Women's Suffrage

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780252043109
eISBN:
9780252051982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043109.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This study considers how suffrage was remembered and forgotten half a century later in coverage of the second wave of American feminism published by the midcentury’s leading newsmagazines, Time, ... More


Cultural Change and Economic Growth: Assessing the Impact of a Business-Led Movement

Laura J. Miller

in Building Nature's Market: The Business and Politics of Natural Foods

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501239
eISBN:
9780226501406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501406.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This concluding chapter discusses the significance of industry having played such a leading role in the natural foods movement, and considers what this case tells us about the presence of industry in ... More


Leaving Terrorism Behind

Mia Bloom

John Horgan (ed.)

in Small Arms: Children and Terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780801453885
eISBN:
9781501709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453885.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

In several countries including Singapore, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, rehabilitation programs dedicated specifically to children seek to reduce the risk that children rescued from terrorist groups may ... More


Deradicalization in Germany

Arie W. Kruglanski, David Webber, and Daniel Koehler

in The Radical's Journey: How German Neo-Nazis Voyaged to the Edge and Back

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190851095
eISBN:
9780190084622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851095.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of Chapter 3 is to elucidate the deradicalization and counter-extremism approaches that have been used in Germany. Relative to other countries, Germany has had a sustained history of ... More


The Interviews

Arie W. Kruglanski, David Webber, and Daniel Koehler

in The Radical's Journey: How German Neo-Nazis Voyaged to the Edge and Back

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190851095
eISBN:
9780190084622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851095.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 5 discusses the research methodology utilized to examine hypotheses about the different phases of the German extremists’ journey, as derived from the theoretical framework described in ... More


Hardships of Extremism

Arie W. Kruglanski, David Webber, and Daniel Koehler

in The Radical's Journey: How German Neo-Nazis Voyaged to the Edge and Back

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190851095
eISBN:
9780190084622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851095.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 8 reports on circumstances and reasons that our interviewees disengaged from the right-wing movement. The chapter begins by combining our 3N approach with a commonly cited “push–pull” ... More


Leaving the Movement and Life in the Aftermath

Arie W. Kruglanski, David Webber, and Daniel Koehler

in The Radical's Journey: How German Neo-Nazis Voyaged to the Edge and Back

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190851095
eISBN:
9780190084622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851095.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The first part of Chapter 9 continues the examination of how the interviewees ultimately decided to separate themselves from the extremist movement. The authors identify the most typical routes of ... More


EpilogueThe neo-Nazi Experience and the Psychology of Radicalization

Arie W. Kruglanski, David Webber, and Daniel Koehler

in The Radical's Journey: How German Neo-Nazis Voyaged to the Edge and Back

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190851095
eISBN:
9780190084622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851095.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 10 provides further comment on some of the important findings and implications of those findings. The chapter begins with a discussion of the 3N framework that guided the authors’ ... More


Epilogue: The Long Shadow of Violent Extremism

Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, and Rohan Gunaratna

in The Three Pillars of Radicalization: Needs, Narratives, and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190851125
eISBN:
9780190851156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851125.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, the authors discuss the unprecedented impact of the current wave of violent extremism on world politics and culture. From the rise of right-wing anti-immigrant parties and leaders ... More


A Clear and Present Danger for the 21st Century

Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, and Rohan Gunaratna

in The Three Pillars of Radicalization: Needs, Narratives, and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190851125
eISBN:
9780190851156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851125.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This opening chapter of The Three Pillars of Radicalization provides an in-depth analysis of the problem of radicalization and identifies the psychological questions that it raises. It contextualizes ... More


The Deradicalization Process

Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, and Rohan Gunaratna

in The Three Pillars of Radicalization: Needs, Narratives, and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190851125
eISBN:
9780190851156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851125.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the phenomenon of deradicalization, the reversal of radicalization. Is deradicalization even possible? Has it ever happened? If so, how can it occur? And what may prevent it ... More


Can Rehabilitation Last?: On Preventing Reradicalization

Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, and Rohan Gunaratna

in The Three Pillars of Radicalization: Needs, Narratives, and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190851125
eISBN:
9780190851156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851125.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the conditions that may lead to the recidivism of violent extremists and examine them from the conceptual perspective represented in the 3N model of radicalization. It ... More


Assessing Radicalization and Deradicalization

Arie W. Kruglanski, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, and Rohan Gunaratna

in The Three Pillars of Radicalization: Needs, Narratives, and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190851125
eISBN:
9780190851156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851125.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a new evaluation tool for determining the degree of success of deradicalization programs. This battery consists of elements that represent the 3N pillars: It contains tools for ... More


Introduction

Ioana Emy Matesan

in The Violence Pendulum: Tactical Change in Islamist Groups in Egypt and Indonesia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197510087
eISBN:
9780197510117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510087.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Research shows that repression can lead to both radicalization and deradicalization. When does it drive groups to pick up arms, and under what conditions does it foster disengagement from violence? ... More


Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya: From Terrorism to Nonviolence

Ioana Emy Matesan

in The Violence Pendulum: Tactical Change in Islamist Groups in Egypt and Indonesia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197510087
eISBN:
9780197510117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510087.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

In 1981, al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya assassinated Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Over the next two decades, the group transformed from one of the most active terrorist groups in Egypt to an Islamist ... More


The Material Constitution: Ordoliberalism, Neoliberalism, and the Deradicalization of Political Opposition

Michael A. Wilkinson

in Authoritarian Liberalism and the Transformation of Modern Europe

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198854753
eISBN:
9780191888946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854753.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

<Online Only>This chapter considers how societal changes contributed to the reconstitution of post-war Europe in such a way as to restrain sovereignty, depoliticize the economy, and deradicalize ... More


Self-Interest and Insufficient Corrections

Kees Van Den Bos

in Why People Radicalize

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190657345
eISBN:
9780190657376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190657345.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 6 argues that perceived unfairness and feelings of uncertainty are likely to lead to radicalization when combined with people’s tendencies to correct for their self-centered impulses in ... More


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