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Tentative Adjustments

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter traces the consequences of the disintegration of the gold standard system, contrasting economic recovery in countries that jettisoned gold with continued depression in countries that ... More


Speculations about the Speculation against the Hong Kong Dollar

David T. Beers and Neil Wallace

in Rational Expectations and Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158709
eISBN:
9781400847648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158709.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the recent substantial depreciation of the Hong Kong dollar. From 1974 until October 1983, Hong Kong's officially professed monetary policy allowed both the quantity and the ... More


Exchange Rate Regimes: Fear of Floating

Yung Chul Park

in Economic Liberalization and Integration in East Asia: A Post-Crisis Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276776
eISBN:
9780191603051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276773.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

A free floating exchange rate regime conflicts with an export-led development strategy because of high exchange rate volatility and lack of market supporting infrastructure. The following proposals ... More


The Problem of Inflation in Germany: (October 16,1944)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0022
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the problem of inflation in Germany. In 1914 the German government based its war finance program on the assumption that World War I would be short. No additional taxation was ... More


Inflation and Valuation Measurement

Michael S. Long and Thomas A. Bryant

in Valuing the Closely Held Firm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195301465
eISBN:
9780199867288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301465.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the problems caused in valuation measurement due to inflation. It begins with a review of the ways inflation measurement problems can be handled. It then considers the effect ... More


A New View of Economic Growth

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book presents a major new theory of economic growth and uses it empirically to explain past growth in different countries and periods and in different industries. Investment is defined as the ... More


The Exchange Rate, Trade Policy, and the Current Account

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

A simple model that shows the relationship between the real exchange rate and tariffs is presented. In general, unilateral trade liberalization requires depreciation. The concepts of exchange rate ... More


Corporate Tax Levels and Tax Incentives

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Gives an overview of tax incentive policies, paying much attention to the role played by the government in light of the special tax measures for corporation. Also, the tax burden of the corporate ... More


Economic Implications of the ‘Revolution’

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The neoclassical model so far examined in the book assumes, among other things: (a) that firms can be classified into two or several industries, each producing a single output; (b) that capital goods ... More


Toward the Tripartite Agreement

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

By 1934, it was impossible to ignore the contrast between the persistence of depression in gold standard countries and the acceleration of recovery in the rest of the world; the continued allegiance ... More


International Economics and Domestic Politics: Notes on the 1920s

Barry Eichengreen and Beth Simmons

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

There were radical differences in post‐war exchange‐rate regimes, and associated monetary and fiscal policies. Some countries accommodated moderate inflation by abandoning their pre‐war gold ... More


Off Gold and Back Again: Finnish and Swedish Monetary Policies1914–1925

Tarmo Haavisto and Lars Jonung

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Sweden went back to gold at the pre‐war parity, whereas Finland returned at the existing rate, accepting the depreciation of the markka that had occurred over the war and early post‐war years. The ... More


Budgetary Policy, Money Supply, and Banking in Bulgaria Between the Wars

Ljuben Berov

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The first stage in the financial history of Bulgaria after the First World War was a period of hyperinflation and currency depreciation, associated with large budget deficits and rapid expansion of ... More


Norwegian Banking in the Inter‐War Period: A Scandinavian Perspective

Helge W. Nordvik

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Begins with an account of the development of the Norwegian banking system before the First World War and then examines the long and severe banking crisis of 1923–28, and the policies adopted ... More


Fixed Assets

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Fixed assets are the only type of assets which contribute to the profitability of a business. This chapter discusses various types of fixed assets — land and buildings, factory shed location, plant ... More


Project Appraisal: Methods and Techniques

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter provides a basic framework for appraising the overall feasibility and bankability of a term loan proposal. It presents certain tools of analysis that lender that could be used to make a ... More


Growth Concepts

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In a completely static economy, expenditures would be needed to maintain and replace assets (required maintenance) and the whole of income would be consumed. When part of income is spent on making ... More


Orthodox Growth Theories

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Orthodox growth theories generally assume a neoclassical production function, with growth of output explained by increases in the capital stock or employment, or by shifts in the function attributed ... More


The Rate of Return

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Three different proofs are given of a formula for the rate of return to investment in the growth model. Formulae are also derived for the rate of depreciation of the firm's capital stock (cumulative ... More


Project Evaluation Using the New Metrics

John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and James S. Wallace

in Value–Based Management with Corporate Social Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340389
eISBN:
9780199867257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340389.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Single-period performance measures made popular by VBM vendors for the evaluation of a firm's ongoing operations can easily be misinterpreted and misused to evaluate period-by-period performance of ... More


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