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Predestination: Augustine to Calvin and Beyond

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the history and logic of the doctrine of predestination—that because of inherited (“original”) sin man needs divine grace to perform any righteous act. Since grace is a free ... More


“He Can if He Won't”: The New Haven Doctrine of Original Sin

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chief theological concern in Taylor's doctrine of original sin lay in avoiding the notion that sin resided as a property or component of humanity's natural constitution. While many Old Calvinists ... More


“Plain and Precious Truths”: The Book of Mormon as New Theology, Part 1—The Encounter With Biblical Christianity

Terryl L. Givens

in By the Hand of Mormon: The American Scripture that Launched a New World Religion

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138184
eISBN:
9780199834211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513818X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Perhaps surprisingly, most readers saw the Book of Mormon as embodying – not contesting – doctrines of the Bible. Most distinctive beliefs associated with Mormonism are absent from the Book of ... More


The Essex Abortionist: Depravity, Sex, and Violence

David. Cressy

in Travesties and Transgressions in Tudor and Stuart England: Tales of Discord and Dissension

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198207818
eISBN:
9780191677809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207818.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter probes deeper into the issues of depravity, sex, and violence through stories told to the Colchester borough magistrates in 1638. Lydia Downes gave a damning account of her sexual ... More


The Downfall

Paul E. Johnson and Sean Wilentz

in The Kingdom of Matthias

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195098358
eISBN:
9780199854134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098358.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the Matthias affair, which became a scandal of unprecedented proportions. It provides details of the Matthias's Kingdom story, with its themes of religious delusion, sexual ... More


The Fact of Moral Evil; and Free Will

Richard Swinburne

in Providence and the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237983
eISBN:
9780191598548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237987.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Part 3 (chs. 7–11) of this book shows how God has to allow the possibility of bad things if he is to provide the good things described in Part 2. First, he has to allow creatures to freely choose ... More


Female Personifications of Poetry in Old Comedy

EDITH HALL

in The Theatrical Cast of Athens: Interactions between Ancient Greek Drama and Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298891
eISBN:
9780191711459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298891.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the way in which the poets of Old Comedy — Cratinus and Pherecrates as well as Aristophanes — required actors to impersonate literary abstractions that were gendered feminine, ... More


God, Evil, and the Metaphysics of Freedom

Alvin Plantinga

in The Nature of Necessity

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 9 is the first of two chapters that apply the findings of the previous eight chapters of The Nature of Necessity to some traditional problems in natural theology. The Problem of Evil is the ... More


Metaphysical Atheological Arguments and the Free Will Defense

Michael J. Almeida

in Freedom, God, and Worlds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199640027
eISBN:
9780191741937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640027.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The best known response to the logical problem of evil is surely Alvin Plantinga's free will defense. But the free will defense is also the most frequently misunderstood and misconstrued arguments in ... More


The Benefit of the Doubt: Merold Westphal's Prophetic Philosophy of Religion

B. Keith Putt

in Gazing Through a Prism Darkly: Reflections on Merold Westphal's Hermeneutical Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230457
eISBN:
9780823235223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230457.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This opening chapter provides a brief introduction to and exposition of Merold Westphal's “prophetic” philosophy of religion. It focuses primarily on the wisdom of humility ... More


Conclusion: Reimagining Tantra in Contemporary Discourse

Hugh B. Urban

in Tantra: Sex, Secrecy, Politics, and Power in the Study of Religion

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230620
eISBN:
9780520936898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230620.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The imagining of Tantra seems to be something more complicated, much more messy, and yet also more interesting than the simple history of an indigenous Indian category or the simple imposition of a ... More


Reading Scripture: the reception of Christianity not mysterious, 1696–1702

Justin Champion

in Republican Learning: John Toland and the Crisis of Christian Culture, 1696-1722

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719057144
eISBN:
9781781700259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719057144.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines how John Toland's books, particularly his Christianity not mysterious, worked in the public sphere, explaining that this book was criticised as the most arrogant and impudent ... More


The Dux Femina Ends Westeros’ Golden Age: Cersei Lannister as Agrippina the Younger in HBO’s Game of Thrones (2011–)

Meredith D. Prince

in Screening the Golden Ages of the Classical Tradition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474440844
eISBN:
9781474460279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474440844.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In the second of two chapters connecting the management of sexuality to the fortunes of Augustus, his dynasty, and the empire it governs, Prince explores how the dynamics shaping Rome also inform the ... More


The Place of Kant’s Theism in His Moral Philosophy

John Hare

in Kant on Practical Justification: Interpretive Essays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195395686
eISBN:
9780199979295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395686.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper is about Kant's view of the relation of belief in God to the moral life. It proceeds in three sections. The first examines the first sentence of Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of ... More


The Depraved and Favored

Anne Behnke Kinney

in Exemplary Women of Early China: The Lienü zhuan of Liu Xiang

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163095
eISBN:
9780231536080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163095.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter which contains text from the Lienü zhuan presents biographies of fifteen women who are seen as exemplars of depravity and deception: Mo Xi of Jie of the Xia; Da Ji of Zhow of Yin; Bao Si ... More


Humanity and Sin

David P. Barshinger

in Jonathan Edwards and the Psalms: A Redemptive-Historical Vision of Scripture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396757
eISBN:
9780199396771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396757.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores how Jonathan Edwards developed the theological themes of humanity and sin in his engagement with the Psalms. Edwards used the Psalms to develop his doctrine of original sin in ... More


Prosecuting Female-Female Sex in Bourbon Quito

Chad Thomas Black

in Sexuality and the Unnatural in Colonial Latin America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288140
eISBN:
9780520963184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288140.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter presents two cases of female sodomitical relationships to highlight how the “unnatural” female sodomy—though underreported and frequently dismissed by colonial authorities—was not ... More


A Moral Architecture: Protestant Salvation and the Mother-Child Nexus

Daniel Thomas Cook

in The Moral Project of Childhood: Motherhood, Material Life, and Early Children's Consumer Culture

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479899203
eISBN:
9781479881413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479899203.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter traces the interminglings of Lockean with Protestant conceptions of child malleability and innateness and their implications for the mother-child nexus in the nineteenth century. It ... More


The Fall

Terryl L. Givens

in Wrestling the Angel: The Foundations of Mormon Thought: Cosmos, God, Humanity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199794928
eISBN:
9780199378432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794928.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Belief in a primordial fall is a fundamental mythos in the Christian tradition. Mormonism radically contests the conventional reading of Genesis. In both the Book of Mormon and the Pearl of Great ... More


The Good, the Bad, and the Badass: On the Descriptive Adequacy of Kant’s Conception of Moral Evil

Mark Timmons

in Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190203368
eISBN:
9780190203399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203368.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Claudia Card has argued that Kant’s conception of moral evil is lacking in breadth because it cannot account for cases of moral indeterminacy or for cases of moral fragmentation. Others have argued ... More


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