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Child Protection From 1900 To 1962

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Child protection in the 20th century can be divided into two periods, one before 1962 and one following. This chapter chronicles developments prior to 1962, including the emergence of social work as ... More


Child Protection From the Colonial Period to 1875

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the era before organized child protection, which began in 1875. Prior to that date, many abused and neglected children went without protection, although there was never a time ... More


A New Deal for the Alien

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the Social Security Act and the disparate treatment of blacks, Mexicans, and European immigrants in the administration of Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Aid to ... More


“The right of the state to interfere is unquestioned”

Megan Birk

in Fostering on the Farm: Child Placement in the Rural Midwest

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039249
eISBN:
9780252097294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039249.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines efforts to remedy the problems with farm placements. It looks at the state boards of charity, visiting agents, and courts as examples of methods used to improve placing out. As ... More


Child Welfare Policy and Practice in the United States 1950–2000

Martin Guggenheim

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Although there has been a foster care system in place in the United States for well over 150 years, for much of that period—up to the 1970s—most children in foster care had been placed there by ... More


Orphaned in Oakland:: Institutional Life during the Progressive Era

Marta Gutman

in A City for Children: Women, Architecture, and the Charitable Landscapes of Oakland, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226311289
eISBN:
9780226156156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226156156.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

During the Progressive Era, new state agencies transformed the charitable landscape in Oakland. College-educated women, Jessica Peixotto at the State Board of Charities and Corrections (1903), and ... More


Turning Our Backs on the New Deal: The End of Welfare in 1996

Jeffrey Lehman and Sheldon Danziger

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), characterized as a regressive step that compromises the basic right of a safety net ... More


Family Allowances and Poverty Among Lone Mother Families in the United States

Cecilia A. Conrad

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between income support policies and poverty among lone mother families in the United States relative to Canada and Western Europe. It simulates the effect on ... More


Where Should Teen Mothers Live? What Should We Do About It?

Harold Pollack

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter analyzes several outcomes associated with teen mothers' residential choices. It investigates whether public assistance programs, such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), ... More


Poverty, Punishment, and Public Assistance: Reorienting Foster Family Care

Catherine E. Rymph

in Raising Government Children: A History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635644
eISBN:
9781469635651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores policy changes in the 1960s that for the first time allowed federal funds to be spent on board payments but which also made foster care a more punitive system, now firmly linked ... More


Ana: Caught in Circumstances Beyond Her Control

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195113754
eISBN:
9780199893546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113754.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter details the experience of a woman called Ana who is living on a tight budget. She is not on welfare anymore, although she was for a short time. Over the past year she has received income ... More


The Minnesota Twins

Tinsley E. Yarbrough

in Harry A. Blackmun: The Outsider Justice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195141238
eISBN:
9780199851577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141238.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Blackmun knew that humility was a fundamental requirement for those who possessed high office, and he was also well aware of some aspects of Warren Burger's personality that may seem unappealing and ... More


. The 1950s Welfare Backlash and Federal Complicity

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter presents an overview of the 1950s welfare backlash and explores how federal officials’ lax control over Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) encouraged states to develop tough new welfare ... More


‘The sins and traumas of fathers and mothers should not be visited on their children’: The Rights of Children When a Primary Carer is Sentenced to Imprisonment in the Criminal Courts

Shona Minson

in Prisons, Punishment, and the Family: Towards a New Sociology of Punishment?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198810087
eISBN:
9780191847257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810087.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the rights of dependent children when their parents are sentenced for criminal offences. It provides an introduction to the harms which children suffer as a consequence of the ... More


. Rebuilding the Welfare State: Forging a New Deal for Working Families

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter addresses future prospects for improving poor mothers’ welfare rights. It argues that to counter the current backlash against welfare mothers, politicians and activists need to offer a ... More


. Setting the Stage: The Failures of Liberal Innovation

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines the political struggles over welfare, leading to several failed attempts to replace Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with a guaranteed income program in the 1960s ... More


Maternal imprisonment: a family sentence

Natalie Booth

in Social Policy Review 29: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2017

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447336211
eISBN:
9781447336235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336211.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter critiques the ways in which penal arrangements remain prisoner-centric and fail to acknowledge a women's maternal status and familial responsibilities. Viewing these women in isolation ... More


Post-1996 Developments: A Brief Postscript

Edward D. Berkowitz and Larry DeWitt

in The Other Welfare: Supplemental Security Income and U.S. Social Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451737
eISBN:
9780801467332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451737.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses the 1996 reform on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The 1996 law tightened the requirements for disabled children who applied to the program, ... More


Children of the Public: Poor and Orphaned Minors in the Southwest Borderlands

Nancy Zey

in Children and Youth in a New Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814757420
eISBN:
9780814759851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814757420.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter shows the transition from colonial to republican attitudes about orphans by focusing on dependent children in Natchez, Mississippi, where traditional and rather ad hoc responses ... More


Dropping Dead: Teachers, the New York City Fiscal Crisis, and Austerity

Jon Shelton

in Teacher Strike!: Public Education and the Making of a New American Political Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040870
eISBN:
9780252099373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040870.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter documents the New York City fiscal crisis of 1975. The city’s drastic position had been caused by its robust promise of social welfare state coupled with national economic downturn and ... More


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