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Extension I: Deontic Modals

Alex Silk

in Discourse Contextualism: A Framework for Contextualist Semantics and Pragmatics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198783923
eISBN:
9780191826573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783923.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 5 begins to develop an improved contextualist account of normative language by applying the Discourse Contextualist framework to deontic modals. Though epistemic modals and deontic modals ... More


Normativity in Language and Law

Alex Silk

in Dimensions of Normativity: New Essays on Metaethics and Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190640408
eISBN:
9780190640439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190640408.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter develops an account of the meaning and use of various types of legal claims, and uses this account to inform debates about the nature and normativity of law. The account draws on a ... More


Contextualist Solutions to Three Puzzles about Practical Conditionals 1

Janice L. Dowell

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses three puzzles about practical conditionals and inferences and shows how the flexible, contextualist semantic framework for “ought”. The chapter develops elsewhere resolves all ... More


What Normative Terms Mean and Why It Matters for Ethical Theory

Alex Silk

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744665
eISBN:
9780191808838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter investigates how inquiry into normative language can improve substantive normative theorizing. First, it examines two dimensions along which normative language differs: “strength” and ... More


Previous work on graded modality: Lewis and Kratzer

Daniel Lassiter

in Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198701347
eISBN:
9780191770616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701347.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter begins the discussion of graded modality with a review of two influential previous accounts. Lewis’ qualitative theory of comparative goodness begins with an ordinal scale – like those ... More


Argument-Sharing II: Control

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter extends the free-absolutive (or argument-sharing) analysis of ‘raising’ to what are claimed to be ‘control’ structures of various kinds, including causatives, tough-movement structures ... More


Epistemic indefinites and methods of identification

Maria Aloni and Angelika Port

in Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199665297
eISBN:
9780191779732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665297.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter proposes an account of epistemic indefinites cross-linguistically, focusing on the case of German irgendein and Italian un qualche. Four main functions for EIs are identified initially: ... More


Permission and (So‐Called Epistemic) Possibility

Stephen Yablo

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

David Lewis in ‘A Problem About Permission’ asks about the effect on context of permitting the previously forbidden. The set of permissible worlds expands, but how? One can ask in a similar vein ... More


Talk About Structural Rationality

Alex Worsnip

in Fitting Things Together: Coherence and the Demands of Structural Rationality

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780197608142
eISBN:
9780197608173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197608142.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the semantics of our ordinary talk about structural rationality. Such talk is typically conditional in form, and there is a challenge about whether it squares with the account ... More


Objective and Subjective ‘Ought’

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an account of the truth conditions of sentences involving terms like ‘ought’. These truth conditions involve a function from worlds of evaluation to domains of worlds, and an ... More


Parentheticalism about “Want”

Tim Henning

in From a Rational Point of View: How We Represent Subjective Perspectives in Practical Discourse

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198797036
eISBN:
9780191860850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797036.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces and motivates parentheticalism about sentences of the form “S wants to ϕ‎.” It is argued that they manifest similar forms of transparency in first-person uses as in the case ... More


Authority and Interest in the Theory of Right

Katharina Nieswandt

in Dimensions of Normativity: New Essays on Metaethics and Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190640408
eISBN:
9780190640439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190640408.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter suggests a new role for authority and interest in the theory of right: Rights can be explicated as sets of prohibitions, permissions and commands, and they must be justified by interests. ... More


Ought and should

Daniel Lassiter

in Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198701347
eISBN:
9780191770616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701347.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Computational Linguistics

The semantics of good places strong constraints on the better-studied and near-synonymous items ought and should. I argue that comparative goodness fact constrain – but do not determine – the ... More


Discourse Contextualism: A Framework for Contextualist Semantics and Pragmatics

Alex Silk

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198783923
eISBN:
9780191826573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book investigates context-sensitivity in natural language by examining the meaning and use of a target class of theoretically recalcitrant expressions. These expressions—including epistemic ... More


Scalar goodness

Daniel Lassiter

in Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198701347
eISBN:
9780191770616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701347.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter turns to deontic concepts. I argue that goodness is an interval scale, and consider two interactions with disjunction that would enforce the validity of the Disjunctive Inference: ... More


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