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Normative Language in Context

Alex Silk

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198805076
eISBN:
9780191843174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805076.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a contextualist account of normative language, focusing on broadly normative readings of modal verbs. The account draws on a more general framework for implementing a ... More


On a Shared Property of Deontic and Epistemic Modals

Jessica Rett

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Epistemic modals encode an evidential restriction, requiring that the speaker have inferential evidence for the prejacent. Stone and von Fintel and Gillies encode this restriction lexically in, e.g., ... More


Contextualism about Deontic Conditionals

Aaron Bronfman and J. L. Dowell

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recently, some philosophers of language and linguists have argued that, while there are contextualist-friendly semantic theories of deontic modals that fit with the relativist’s challenge data, the ... More


‘Ought’: Out of Order

Stephen Finlay

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stephen Finlay argues in this chapter that Angelika Kratzer’s influential introduction of an ordering source parameter into the semantics for natural language modals was a mistake, at least for ... More


Modalities of Normality

Seth Yalcin

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One path into the semantics of the deontic modals ought and should approaches them indirectly, by starting with an investigation of the non-deontic, seemingly epistemic reading of these modals. Seth ... More


Decision Theory: Yes! Truth Conditions: No!

Nate Charlow

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Nate Charlow makes a case for packing the fruits of the study of rational decision-making into our semantics for deontic modals—specifically, for parametrizing the truth-condition of a deontic modal ... More


Linguistic and Philosophical Considerations on Bayesian Semantics

Daniel Lassiter

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A “Bayesian” semantics has a number of attractive features involving information-sensitivity, grammatical gradability, and solutions to logical puzzles which plague standard theories of deontic ... More


Metanormative Theory and the Meaning of Deontic Modals

Matthew Chrisman

in Deontic Modality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophical debate about the meaning of normative terms has long been pulled in two directions by the apparently competing ideas: (i) “ought”s do not describe what is actually the case but rather ... More


Expressivism and Varieties of Normativity

Daniel Wodak

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198805076
eISBN:
9780191843174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805076.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Expressivists aim to explain the meaning of a fragment of language—typically, claims about what we morally ought to do—in terms of the non-cognitive attitudes they express. Critics evaluate ... More


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