## Income Distribution: Includes CD

*Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore*

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780195300918
- eISBN:
- 9780199783441
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195300912.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Intended as an introductory textbook for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students, this book leads the reader from familiar basic micro- and macroeconomic concepts in the introduction ... More

## Searching for Structure in Point Data

*Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray*

### in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691151687
- eISBN:
- 9781400848911
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Inferring the probability density function (pdf) from a sample of data is known as density estimation. The same methodology is often called data smoothing. Density estimation in the one-dimensional ... More

## The Income Density Function

*Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore*

### in Income Distribution: Includes CD

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780195300918
- eISBN:
- 9780199783441
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0195300912.003.0003
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter starts with Pareto’s law and the observation by other economists of the consistency of right-hand skewness in income distributions in both developing and developed countries. This leads ... More

## The contents of the unit cell

*Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper*

### in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199559046
- eISBN:
- 9780191595028
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter discusses the underlying principles X-ray scattering by a distribution of electrons. The theory is then extended to the diffraction of X-rays by an infinite lattice of molecular motifs ... More

## Estimating the Implied Risk‐Neutral Density for the US Market Portfolio *

*Stephen Figlewski*

### in Volatility and Time Series Econometrics: Essays in Honor of Robert Engle

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- May 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199549498
- eISBN:
- 9780191720567
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549498.003.0015
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter presents a new methodology for extracting complete well-behaved risk-neutral density (RND) functions from options market prices, and illustrates the potential of this tool for ... More

## The Impact of Past and Future on Present Satisfaction

*Bernard Van Praag*

### in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199226146
- eISBN:
- 9780191718595
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0007
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the theory that the individual's current satisfaction will depend on his or her own past experience and expected future. The study assumes that both the past and the future have ... More

## Introduction to Quantum Theory

*Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak*

### in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199216949
- eISBN:
- 9780191711992
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the rudiments of quantum theory, including the dual nature of light and matter, the Uncertainty Principle and probability concept, the electronic wavefunction, and the probability ... More

## Random Variables

*James Davidson*

### in Stochastic Limit Theory: An Introduction for Econometricians

- Published in print:
- 1994
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198774037
- eISBN:
- 9780191596117
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198774036.003.0008
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Specializing the concepts of Ch. 7 to the case of real variables, this chapter introduces distribution functions, discrete and continuous distributions, and describes examples such as the binomial, ... More

## The Impact Of Past And Future On Present Satisfaction

*Bernard Van Praag*

### in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780198286547
- eISBN:
- 9780191718601
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198286546.003.0007
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the theory that the individual’s current satisfaction will depend on his or her own past experience and expected future. The study assumes that both the past and the future have ... More

## Basic probability theory

*Thomas P. Trappenberg*

### in Fundamentals of Machine Learning

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- January 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198828044
- eISBN:
- 9780191883873
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198828044.003.0006
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The discussion provides a refresher of probability theory, in particular with respect to the formulations that build the theoretical language of modern machine learning. Probability theory is the ... More

## Models for Disease

*Theodore R. Holford*

### in Multivariate Methods in Epidemiology

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195124408
- eISBN:
- 9780199864270
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124408.003.0002
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the concept of a model for the disease process, emphasizing simple and very general models that can be used to study a variety of diseases. Quantities that are used to describe ... More

## Spectral Analysis

*M. Hashem Pesaran*

### in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- March 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198736912
- eISBN:
- 9780191800504
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0013
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Spectral analysis provides an alternative to the time domain approach to time series analysis. This approach views a stochastic process as a weighted sum of the periodic functions sin(·) and cos(·) ... More

## Random Variables and Probability

*Timothy E. Essington*

### in Introduction to Quantitative Ecology: Mathematical and Statistical Modelling for Beginners

- Published in print:
- 2021
- Published Online:
- November 2021
- ISBN:
- 9780192843470
- eISBN:
- 9780191926112
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780192843470.003.0007
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The chapter “Random Variables and Probability” serves as both a review and a reference on probability. The random variable is the core concept in understanding probability, parameter estimation, and ... More

## A review of random variable theory

*Daniel T. Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou*

### in Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199664504
- eISBN:
- 9780191748516
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In extending the analysis of diffusion beyond the traditional approach described in Chapter 1, the chapter here finds it necessary to work with random variables. This chapter gives a self-contained, ... More

## Probably a Distribution

*Steven J. Osterlind*

### in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- January 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198831600
- eISBN:
- 9780191869532
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0009
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter is all about Carl Gauss, his life, and his accomplishments, including his work in plotting the orbits for Ceres, which he did while still a teenager and which set his reputation. The ... More

## Variation in Soil Properties

*Marco Bittelli, Gaylon S. Campbell, and Fausto Tomei*

### in Soil Physics with Python: Transport in the Soil–Plant–Atmosphere System

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- August 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199683093
- eISBN:
- 9780191763175
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683093.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter address the spatial variability of soil properties. First it addresses classic statistical methods used in geostatistics. Frequency distributions and probability density functions are ... More

## The Shark Attack Problem: The Gamma-Poisson Conjugate

*Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey*

### in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- July 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198841296
- eISBN:
- 9780191876820
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198841296.003.0011
- Subject:
- Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces the gamma-Poisson conjugate. Many Bayesian analyses consider alternative parameter values as hypotheses. The prior distribution for an unknown parameter can be represented by ... More

## Einstein's theory of diffusion

*Daniel T. Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou*

### in Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199664504
- eISBN:
- 9780191748516
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Before it was universally accepted that a fluid consists of many moving molecules, Fick's Law and the diffusion equation were widely regarded as statements in continuum mechanics. With the molecular ... More

## Estimation of Stationary Time Series Processes

*M. Hashem Pesaran*

### in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- March 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198736912
- eISBN:
- 9780191800504
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0014
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter begins with the problem of estimating the mean and autocovariances of a stationary process. It then considers the estimation of autoregressive and moving average processes as well as the ... More

## The distribution of wealth in society

*Peter Richmond, Jürgen Mimkes, and Stefan Hutzler*

### in Econophysics and Physical Economics

- Published in print:
- 2013
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199674701
- eISBN:
- 9780191780066
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674701.003.0021
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses how income and wealth are distributed in society, discussing factors such as the form of the distribution density function and whether or not it is dependent on time, history, ... More