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Income Distribution: Includes CD

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Intended as an introductory textbook for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students, this book leads the reader from familiar basic micro- and macroeconomic concepts in the introduction ... More


Searching for Structure in Point Data

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Inferring the probability density function (pdf) from a sample of data is known as density estimation. The same methodology is often called data smoothing. Density estimation in the one-dimensional ... More


The Income Density Function

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter starts with Pareto’s law and the observation by other economists of the consistency of right-hand skewness in income distributions in both developing and developed countries. This leads ... More


The contents of the unit cell

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter discusses the underlying principles X-ray scattering by a distribution of electrons. The theory is then extended to the diffraction of X-rays by an infinite lattice of molecular motifs ... More


Estimating the Implied Risk‐Neutral Density for the US Market Portfolio *

Stephen Figlewski

in Volatility and Time Series Econometrics: Essays in Honor of Robert Engle

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549498
eISBN:
9780191720567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549498.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter presents a new methodology for extracting complete well-behaved risk-neutral density (RND) functions from options market prices, and illustrates the potential of this tool for ... More


The Impact of Past and Future on Present Satisfaction

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the theory that the individual's current satisfaction will depend on his or her own past experience and expected future. The study assumes that both the past and the future have ... More


Introduction to Quantum Theory

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the rudiments of quantum theory, including the dual nature of light and matter, the Uncertainty Principle and probability concept, the electronic wavefunction, and the probability ... More


Random Variables

James Davidson

in Stochastic Limit Theory: An Introduction for Econometricians

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774037
eISBN:
9780191596117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774036.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Specializing the concepts of Ch. 7 to the case of real variables, this chapter introduces distribution functions, discrete and continuous distributions, and describes examples such as the binomial, ... More


The Impact Of Past And Future On Present Satisfaction

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198286547
eISBN:
9780191718601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286546.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the theory that the individual’s current satisfaction will depend on his or her own past experience and expected future. The study assumes that both the past and the future have ... More


Basic probability theory

Thomas P. Trappenberg

in Fundamentals of Machine Learning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828044
eISBN:
9780191883873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828044.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The discussion provides a refresher of probability theory, in particular with respect to the formulations that build the theoretical language of modern machine learning. Probability theory is the ... More


Models for Disease

Theodore R. Holford

in Multivariate Methods in Epidemiology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195124408
eISBN:
9780199864270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124408.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the concept of a model for the disease process, emphasizing simple and very general models that can be used to study a variety of diseases. Quantities that are used to describe ... More


Spectral Analysis

M. Hashem Pesaran

in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736912
eISBN:
9780191800504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Spectral analysis provides an alternative to the time domain approach to time series analysis. This approach views a stochastic process as a weighted sum of the periodic functions sin(·) and cos(·) ... More


Random Variables and Probability

Timothy E. Essington

in Introduction to Quantitative Ecology: Mathematical and Statistical Modelling for Beginners

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192843470
eISBN:
9780191926112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192843470.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The chapter “Random Variables and Probability” serves as both a review and a reference on probability. The random variable is the core concept in understanding probability, parameter estimation, and ... More


A review of random variable theory

Daniel T. Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou

in Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664504
eISBN:
9780191748516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In extending the analysis of diffusion beyond the traditional approach described in Chapter 1, the chapter here finds it necessary to work with random variables. This chapter gives a self-contained, ... More


Probably a Distribution

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter is all about Carl Gauss, his life, and his accomplishments, including his work in plotting the orbits for Ceres, which he did while still a teenager and which set his reputation. The ... More


Variation in Soil Properties

Marco Bittelli, Gaylon S. Campbell, and Fausto Tomei

in Soil Physics with Python: Transport in the Soil–Plant–Atmosphere System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199683093
eISBN:
9780191763175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683093.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter address the spatial variability of soil properties. First it addresses classic statistical methods used in geostatistics. Frequency distributions and probability density functions are ... More


The Shark Attack Problem: The Gamma-Poisson Conjugate

Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey

in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841296
eISBN:
9780191876820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841296.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces the gamma-Poisson conjugate. Many Bayesian analyses consider alternative parameter values as hypotheses. The prior distribution for an unknown parameter can be represented by ... More


Einstein's theory of diffusion

Daniel T. Gillespie and Effrosyni Seitaridou

in Simple Brownian Diffusion: An Introduction to the Standard Theoretical Models

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664504
eISBN:
9780191748516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664504.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Before it was universally accepted that a fluid consists of many moving molecules, Fick's Law and the diffusion equation were widely regarded as statements in continuum mechanics. With the molecular ... More


Estimation of Stationary Time Series Processes

M. Hashem Pesaran

in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736912
eISBN:
9780191800504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter begins with the problem of estimating the mean and autocovariances of a stationary process. It then considers the estimation of autoregressive and moving average processes as well as the ... More


The distribution of wealth in society

Peter Richmond, Jürgen Mimkes, and Stefan Hutzler

in Econophysics and Physical Economics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199674701
eISBN:
9780191780066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674701.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses how income and wealth are distributed in society, discussing factors such as the form of the distribution density function and whether or not it is dependent on time, history, ... More


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