Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 458 items

  • Keywords: density x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Income Distribution: Includes CD

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Intended as an introductory textbook for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students, this book leads the reader from familiar basic micro- and macroeconomic concepts in the introduction ... More


Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Franck Courchamp, Ludek Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Allee effects are broadly defined as a decline in individual fitness at low population size or density, that can result in critical population thresholds below which populations crash to extinction. ... More


*THE ‘SLICING’ METHOD

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents a self-contained account of the slicing method that allows the exhibition of a lower bound for high-dimensional problems through their one-dimensional sections. After computing ... More


X-Ray Compton Scattering

Malcolm Cooper, Peter Mijnarends, Nobuhiro Shiotani, Nobuhiko Sakai, and Arun Bansil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers all aspects of the study of ground state electron density in condensed matter through Compton scattering of hard x-rays or gamma rays, i.e., photons with energies between 20 and 500 ... More


The Hartree–Fock approximation

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter formulates the Hartree-Fock approximation with density matrices, and discusses the properties of the Hartree-Fock equations together with the energy functional for the ground state ... More


Introduction: Alberti's Window, Leonardo's Mirror, and van Gogh's Room

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter reviews Nelson Goodman’s proposals concerning depiction, identifies problems with them, and suggests how they can be overcome without appealing to a perceptual account of pictorial ... More


Beyond existence

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Gravity is responsible not only for the existence of stars and planets; it also creates the weirdest objects imaginable. A body with mass greater than 1.4 solar masses cannot remain a white dwarf and ... More


Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book presents a complete account of the theory of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals with particular reference to the processes of determining the structures of protein molecules. The book ... More


Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Gary A. Glatzmaier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book provides readers with the skills they need to write computer codes that simulate convection, internal gravity waves, and magnetic field generation in the interiors and atmospheres of ... More


Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Stephen Rand

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book attempts to bridge the enormous gap between introductory quantum mechanics and the research front of modern optics and scientific fields that make use of light in one step. Hence, while it ... More


The National Evidence

Chris Bramall

in The Industrialization of Rural China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199275939
eISBN:
9780191706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The evidence on the determinants of growth for China’s counties in the post-1978 era points to the clear causal role of initial conditions. Proximity to large urban centres, the dependency rate, and ... More


Searching for Structure in Point Data

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Inferring the probability density function (pdf) from a sample of data is known as density estimation. The same methodology is often called data smoothing. Density estimation in the one-dimensional ... More


The Income Density Function

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter starts with Pareto’s law and the observation by other economists of the consistency of right-hand skewness in income distributions in both developing and developed countries. This leads ... More


Organizational Ecology as a Theory of Competition

Nikolaus Beck

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter shows that organizational ecology is much more sociological and less biological than many critics of organizational ecology think. It argues that organizational ecology and its theory of ... More


Different Paths of Industry Evolution: Timing of Entry, Legitimation, and Competition Spillovers Across Countries

Filippo Carlo Wezel, Christophe Boone, and Arjen van Witteloostuijn

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter has two main goals: (a) to model some of the variety of evolutionary paths of organizational populations empirically observed and (b) elaborate on a model refinement that captures the ... More


Information, Physics, and Computation

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book presents a unified approach to a rich and rapidly evolving research domain at the interface between statistical physics, theoretical computer science/discrete mathematics, and ... More


Mechanisms for Allee effects

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes the mechanisms by which an Allee effect can arise. For each mechanism, the chapter discusses how it works in theory, and then presents current evidence for, and examples of, ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


An introduction to maximum entropy

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Maximum entropy methods are used in crystallography for estimating reflection phases among other applications. This chapter explains the basic concepts behind maximum entropy, including entropy ... More


Interatomic Forces in Condensed Matter

Mike Finnis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509776
eISBN:
9780191709180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509776.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

There is a continuing growth of interest in the computer simulation of materials at the atomic scale, using a variety of academic and commercial computer programs. In all such programs there is some ... More


View: