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Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


Minimal Semantics

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Seeks to defend a formal (e.g. truth-conditional) approach to semantic theorizing from advocates of so-called ‘dual pragmatics’ (e.g. relevance theorists or contextualists). I argue, first, that ... More


The Reference Book

John Hawthorne and David Manley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book critically examines some widespread views about the semantic phenomenon of reference and the cognitive phenomenon of singular thought. It begins by denying that either is tied to a special ... More


Reference without Referents

R. M. Sainsbury

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199241804
eISBN:
9780191602696
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241805.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book concerns the nature of reference, and the theory it develops is intermediate between direct reference theories and descriptivist theories. A guiding thought is that just as truth conditions ... More


A Theory of Sentience

Austen Clark

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238515
eISBN:
9780191679650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238515.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a general account of the forms of mental representation that we call ‘sensory’. To sense something, one must have some capacity to discriminate among sensory qualities; but there are ... More


Reference and Consciousness

John Campbell

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243815
eISBN:
9780191597145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243816.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Conscious attention to an object, singling it out in experience, provides knowledge of the reference of a demonstrative term. Knowledge of reference is the foundation of the ability to verify ... More


 What Is a Phenomenal Concept?

Janet Levin

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a version of the phenomenal concept strategy based on a limited defense of the “demonstrative account” of phenomenal concepts. In this account, phenomenal concepts pick out ... More


Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Nathan Salmon

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This volume brings together Nathan Salmon's papers from the early 1980s to 2006 on closely connected topics central to analytic philosophy, on the theory of direct reference, names and descriptions, ... More


Demonstrating and Necessity (2002) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter investigates the philosophical semantics of demonstratives. It is argued that Kaplan endorses Frege's thesis that a demonstration supplements a demonstrative (the bare expression) to ... More


Supervaluationism, Indirect Speech Reports, and Demonstratives

Rosanna Keefe

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can supervaluationism successfully handle indirect speech reports? This chapter considers and rejects Schiffer's claim that they cannot. One alleged problem with indirect speech reports is that the ... More


On Referring and Not Referring

Kent Bach

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The notions of linguistic reference and speaker reference are commonly used very loosely. In many cases what passes for reference falls short of it, and in many other cases a speaker uses an ... More


The Overlapping Distribution of Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns

Donna K. Byron, Sarah Brown-Schmidt, and Michael K. Tanenhaus

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter explores pragmatic distinctions between personal pronouns such as ‘it’ and demonstrative pronouns such as ‘that’ in English. These two categories of pronoun are typically employed in ... More


Linguistic Claims Formulated in Terms of Centering Linguistic Claims Formulated in Terms of Centering A Re‐Examination Using Parametric CB‐Tracking Techniques

Massimo Poesio

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Reliable techniques were developed to annotate corpora with the information to test several instantiations of Centering, and software that could be used to automatically compute CFs and CB of ... More


Grounding

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Grounding is the grammaticized means of relating the thing profiled by a nominal, or the process profiled by a finite clause, to the ground (the speech event and its participants). As narrowly ... More


MODIFIERS

A. M. Devine and Laurence D. Stephens

in Latin Word Order: Structured Meaning and Information

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181685
eISBN:
9780199789146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181685.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyzes the interaction of semantic and pragmatic factors in conditioning the order of adjectives relative to the noun and of stacked adjectives relative to one another. It covers ... More


The Rise of Articles

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter is devoted to one particular functional domain: that of definite and indefinite reference. Specifically, it concerns the system of articles found in European languages. Obligatory ... More


Et tu, ‘Brute’?

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers demonstratives and proper names. It begins by arguing for a semantically unified treatment of demonstratives on which they are specific existentials (like specific indefinites ... More


The Demonstrative Theory

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on Donald Davidson's paper “Quotation”, which is the most discussed and influential paper on quotation. Davidson's view is alternatively called “the Demonstrative Theory of ... More


The Argument a Priori and Hume's “Curious Nostrum”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although most philosophers would agree with the suggestion that Hume's treatment of the problem of causation “is the center‐piece of the Treatise” (or, at least, of Book I), they also generally hold ... More


Hume's Epistemological Divide in the Treatise

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an outline of the structure of Hume's epistemology, as presented in the first two sections of Part III of the first book of the Treatise. Whereas in the more familiar discussion ... More


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