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Missing persons? Models of Mediterranean Regional Survey and Ancient Populations

Robert Witcher

in Settlement, Urbanization, and Population

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602353
eISBN:
9780191731570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602353.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter explores the potential and the problems of Mediterranean regional survey for demographic modeling, drawing on case studies from Italy, Greece, and North Africa. Specifically, it ... More


Population and Resources

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

in Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

This chapter outlines a series of plausible arguments intended to demonstrate that the key to economic development is to be found in the relationship between population and resources, labour and ... More


Peopling Ancient Landscapes: Potential and Problems

David Mattingly

in Quantifying the Roman Economy: Methods and Problems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562596
eISBN:
9780191721458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562596.003.006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The explosion of archaeological field survey projects in the late 20th century has contributed to a general sense that rural settlement expanded considerably in many areas of the Roman Empire, but ... More


The Demographic-Structural Theory

Peter Turchin

in Historical Dynamics: Why States Rise and Fall

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691180779
eISBN:
9781400889310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180779.003.0007
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter examines Jack Goldstone's demographic-structural theory of state breakdown. It first considers the role of excessive population dynamics in state collapse before introducing a simple ... More


Coalescent theory and species trees

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces Kingman’s coalescent process, which describes the genealogical relationships within a sample of DNA sequences taken from a population, and forms the basis for likelihood-based ... More


Fishing

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter exploits the previous chapter's demographic model to make impact assessment of fishing and calculate fisheries reference points for fish stocks with asymptotic sizes of 10 g, 333 g, and ... More


Introduction: Land and Natural Resources in the Roman World in Historiographical and Theoretical Perspective

Arjan Zuiderhoek

in Ownership and Exploitation of Land and Natural Resources in the Roman World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198728924
eISBN:
9780191795831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728924.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter outlines the book’s theme and the main questions that will be addressed. It discusses the merits and drawbacks of the various theoretical approaches that have been applied ... More


What Went Wrong with the 1991–92 Official Population Projection of Japan?

Seiritsu Ogura

in Aging Issues in the United States and Japan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620817
eISBN:
9780226620831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620831.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter shows that Japanese government demographers failed in their 1991–92 population projection due to a fundamental flaw in their methodology. In fact, if the same methodology is applied to ... More


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