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Retirement pensions

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of pension policy. It explains basic parameters of public pension systems and the scope of private provision, comparing contemporary ... More


Growing Regional Variation: Demographic Change and its Implications

TIM DYSON

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses some of the principal factors that have conditioned changes in the demography of India. The demographic trends at the regional and national level are examined, followed by a ... More


Economic and Demographic Change: A Synthesis of Models, Findings, and Perspectives

Allen C. Kelley and Robert M. Schmidt

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of demographic change on economic growth, using convergence-type models. Demographic trends over the period 1960-95 were evaluated. It is shown that demography had a ... More


Explaining change in early career outcomes: labour market conditions, educational expansion, and youth cohort size s

Markus Gangl

in Transitions from Education to Work in Europe: The Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199252473
eISBN:
9780191601958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252475.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Uses panel data modelling to assess the impact of structural change on market entrants' risk of unemployment and patterns of occupational allocation in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s. Youth ... More


Demographic Changes and Poverty in Brazil

Ricardo Paes de Barros, Sergio Firpo, Roberta Guedes Barreto, and Phillippe George Pereira Leite

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of demographic changes on poverty levels in Brazil. Demographic transition had an impact on poverty close to 15% of the corresponding impact of economic growth. ... More


How and Why Population Matters: New Findings, New Issues

Nancy Birdsall and Steven W. Sinding

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion on the effects of demographic change on economic growth in developing countries. It draws on the studies included in this volume to illustrate ... More


Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Nancy Birdsall, Allen C. Kelley, and Steven Sinding (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book explores the impact of demographic change on economic growth and poverty in developing countries. The papers in this volume present some new themes and reinforce others. It is shown that ... More


The Landscape of Lost Knowledge

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter presents an overview of two major forces shaping the workplace today in most industrialized countries: an aging population, and the increasing complexity of knowledge needed in ... More


Saving, Wealth, and Population

Ronald D. Lee, Andrew Mason, and Tim Miller

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of demographic change on saving rates, wealth, and standards of living in East Asia. It is shown that the demand for material wealth relative to income is much higher ... More


Cumulative Causality, Economic Growth, and the Demographic Transition

David Bloom and David Canning

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the impact of demographic change on economic growth. It is argued that the interaction of economic growth with population dynamics can create a poverty trap. There may be two ... More


Fertility and Income

T. Paul Schultz

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explores the hypothesis that some sources of family income encourage, while other sources discourage fertility because different sources of family income modify the economic opportunities ... More


Demographic Transition and Poverty: Effects Via Economic Growth, Distribution, and Conversion

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the results of Eastwood and Lipton (1999) which indicate that high fertility change has large negative growth and distribution effects on poverty. It is argued that the ... More


Demographic futures: Addressing inequality and diversity among older people

Pat Thane

in New Paradigms in Public Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264935
eISBN:
9780191760365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264935.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines debates about future demographic patterns. It shows that the case for immediate cutbacks in spending and for the restructuring of pensions, health, and social care to defuse a ... More


Transatlantic Drift: The Present and the Future

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the transatlantic drift (or split) that has occurred between the US and Western Europe since the election of George W. Bush in December 2000, and the attack on the World Trade Centre in New ... More


Economic Development in Palanpur over Five Decades

Peter Lanjouw and Nicholas Stern

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288329
eISBN:
9780191596599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288328.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides an account of economic development in Palanpur, a village in rural north India, based on five detailed surveys of the village over the period 1957 to 1993. These five decades have ... More


Minorities: Cultural Integration, Family Planning, and Population Changes

Isabelle Attané

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on demographic changes in China's major ethnic minority groups and compares them with those observed in the population of the Han. Great variations were observed in fertility, ... More


Misleading Guides to Pension Design

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter summarizes core controversies about pensions by focusing on ten persistent myths about pension design that have clouded discussion, many of them centred on the debate about the ... More


Epilogue: Prospects for a Democratic State

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on Iran's prospects for a democratic state. It is argued that the context for the democracy debate in Iran and the drive for democracy's realization have been strengthened by ... More


Involvement

Mark Chaves

in American Religion: Contemporary Trends

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146850
eISBN:
9781400839957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146850.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter studies religious involvement, which mainly means attendance at weekend worship services. The strong connection between religious involvement and family life in the United States points ... More


Introduction: public policy at a crossroads

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Paradigms in Public Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264935
eISBN:
9780191760365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264935.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine the basic questions that confront twenty-first century policy-making: finding a way forward for the British economy; the dilemma of ... More


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