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Foreword: Toward an Era of Longevity and Wealth

Robert W. Fogel

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This foreword provides an overview of demographic development during the past three centuries, as life expectancy and per-capita growth of GDP have increased dramatically. Due to the intense ... More


Fertility and Income

T. Paul Schultz

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explores the hypothesis that some sources of family income encourage, while other sources discourage fertility because different sources of family income modify the economic opportunities ... More


Introduction

Zhongwei Zhao and Fei Guo

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This introductory chapter briefly reviews China's demographic transition, major demographic challenges, the development of population research in China, and the organization of the book. It provides ... More


Population Ageing and the Public Purse

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Examines the supposed threat to the future trajectory of social spending posed by population ageing. An initial focus is on the contrast between the sense of crisis characterizing popular and ... More


Retirement pensions

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of pension policy. It explains basic parameters of public pension systems and the scope of private provision, comparing contemporary ... More


Population Ageing: Challenges, Opportunities, and Institutions

Feng Wang and Andrew Mason

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the major consequences, especially economic consequences, of population ageing. It shows that population ageing not only opens a demographic window for economic development by ... More


China's Demography in Perspective

John C. Caldwell and Zhongwei Zhao

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This concluding chapter places China's population changes in the context of world demographic transition. It shows that China's recent fertility and mortality decline has played a crucial role in ... More


The New Politics of the Welfare State

Paul Pierson (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The welfare states of the affluent democracies now stand at the centre of political discussion and social conflict. In this book, which grew out of two conferences held at the Center for European ... More


Epilogue: Prospects for a Democratic State

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on Iran's prospects for a democratic state. It is argued that the context for the democracy debate in Iran and the drive for democracy's realization have been strengthened by ... More


Explaining change in early career outcomes: labour market conditions, educational expansion, and youth cohort size s

Markus Gangl

in Transitions from Education to Work in Europe: The Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199252473
eISBN:
9780191601958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252475.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Uses panel data modelling to assess the impact of structural change on market entrants' risk of unemployment and patterns of occupational allocation in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s. Youth ... More


Introduction

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Starts by discussing the perennial welfare state crisis, making the point that the contemporary crisis differs notably from its forebears. Rigidity is an endogenous symptom of the crisis, and the ... More


Transatlantic Drift: The Present and the Future

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the transatlantic drift (or split) that has occurred between the US and Western Europe since the election of George W. Bush in December 2000, and the attack on the World Trade Centre in New ... More


Models of Kinship from the Developed Worl d

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines kin interactions to identify the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors that influence social contacts between kin in Western industrialised societies. Variations by ... More


Senior Officials in Austria

Barbara Liegl and Wolfgang C. Müller

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

First provides an overview of the formal structure of the civil service in post‐war Austria and the position of senior officials within it. Includes a discussion of recent changes aimed at making the ... More


Growing Regional Variation: Demographic Change and its Implications

TIM DYSON

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses some of the principal factors that have conditioned changes in the demography of India. The demographic trends at the regional and national level are examined, followed by a ... More


Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Shane Doyle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This book addresses two of the most important questions in modern African history: the causes of rapid population growth, and the origins of the AIDS pandemic. It examines three societies on the ... More


The Landscape of Lost Knowledge

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter presents an overview of two major forces shaping the workplace today in most industrialized countries: an aging population, and the increasing complexity of knowledge needed in ... More


Workforce Diversity Policies

Anthony Ferner, Michael Morley, Michael Muller-Camen, and Lourdes Susaeta

in American Multinationals in Europe: Managing Employment Relations Across National Borders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274635
eISBN:
9780191706530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274635.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

Workforce diversity is a defining issue of international HR policy transfer in US multinationals. Demographic characteristics, socio-political developments, and the evolution of the legal framework ... More


Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Robert C. Allen, Tommy Bengtsson, and Martin Dribe (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The main concern of this book is to determine when the gap in living standards between the East and the West emerged. Why did Europe experience industrialization and modern economic growth before ... More


Conclusion: Whither Hong Kong and the Hong Konger?

Helen F. Siu and Agnes S. Ku

in Hong Kong Mobile: Making a Global Population

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099180
eISBN:
9789882206984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099180.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The point of departure here is a shared understanding of the importance of Hong Kong's population. The book has highlighted that Hong Kong's chief resource has always been its people. It has ... More


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