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The European Union as Regional State

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that it would do better to conceive of the EU as a regional state in the making, and as such as a regional union of nation-states in which the creative tension between the Union ... More


Debating democracy in the EU

Mette Elise Jolly

in The European Union and the People

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213078
eISBN:
9780191707155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213078.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter opens with a review of the literature on democracy in the European Union. The most commonly raised ‘deficits’ are discussed, including the argument that the EU lacks accountability, the ... More


Parliamentary Institutions in International Polities: What are the Conditions?

Berthold Rittberger

in Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273423
eISBN:
9780191602764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273421.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Develops a three-staged theory to explain why national governments have created and successively empowered the European Parliament. In a first step, it is argued that attempts by national governments ... More


Integration and Democracy: the Big Trade‐off

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Democracy is an essential condition of membership in the EU, yet the EU itself is said to suffer from a serious democratic deficit. The paradox is more apparent than real — one cannot safely ... More


Democratic Legitimacy and the European Parliament

Oskar Niedermayer and Richard Sinnott

in Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294764
eISBN:
9780191600005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829476X.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses the issue of democratic representation and legitimacy in the context of the European Community, with particular reference to one sector of its institutional structure: the ... More


The Legitimacy of the Euro‐Zone: The Problems of Social Justice, Consent, and Identity

Kenneth Dyson

in The Politics of the Euro-Zone: Stability or Breakdown?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241651
eISBN:
9780191599118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241651.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

From the viewpoint of stability, the Eurozone needs to be established and maintained within a normative political consensus that provides strong moral grounds for compliance with its directives. This ... More


Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Giandomenico Majone

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Community method is the traditional approach to European integration. However, the method is becoming obsolete, being too rigid to permit institutional and policy innovations, or to apply to ... More


Democratic Legitimacy Under Conditions of Regulatory Competition: Why Europe Differs from the United States

Fritz W. Scharpf

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Addresses concern over the so‐called ‘democratic deficit’ in the EU in comparison with the USA. The author deduces that there are two reasons for the political salience of this alleged deficit: the ... More


The Legitimacy of the International Legal System

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Completes the second part of the book, and relies on the conception of political legitimacy delineated in Ch. 5 to advance a justice‐based, rather than a consent‐based, account of system legitimacy: ... More


A State‐less Government

Erik O. Eriksen

in The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572519
eISBN:
9780191722400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

What form of democracy is needed in the post‐national configuration? The EU is not a state and its power is limited. However, although the member states hold the means of legitimate violence in ... More


Representation, the Locus of Democratic Legitimation and the Role of the National Parliaments in the European Union

Richard S. Katz

in The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296607
eISBN:
9780191599620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296606.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The democratic legitimation of national governments involves conformity to two generally accepted principles: that legitimation takes place with reference to a national demos, and that both governors ... More


The Quest for Democratization

Erik O. Eriksen

in The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572519
eISBN:
9780191722400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

This chapter first briefly addresses the legitimation problems of the Union and the concept of legitimacy. What does it mean and what are the implications for the political theory of the Union? On ... More


Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance

Oskar Niedermayer and Richard Sinnott (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294764
eISBN:
9780191600005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829476X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The way in which the citizens of Western Europe are governed is no longer decided on a purely national level. This book is the second in the ‘Beliefs in government’ series, and systematically ... More


What Lies Beyond a Confederal Europe?

Christopher Ansell and Rebecca Chen

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The institutional frictions between the Parliament and the Commission during the ‘mad cow’ crisis are emblematic of the dynamic, unfinished nature of the federal project for Europe. The EU still ... More


Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Hermann Schmitt and Jacques Thomassen (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

How severe a problem is what many call the ‘democratic deficit’ of the EU? Despite a voluminous theoretical literature dealing with this question, there is hardly any systematic empirical ... More


From the European Convention to the Lisbon Agreement and Beyond: A Veto Player Analysis

George Tsebelis

in Reforming the European Union: Realizing the Impossible

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153926
eISBN:
9781400842506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153926.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares the policy and political outcomes that followed from the institutional structures generated by the European Convention, the Treaty of Lisbon, and the default outcome of a ... More


Political Representation in the European Union: A Common Whole, Various Wholes, or Just a Hole?

Karlheinz Neunreither

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Examines the peculiarities of political representation in the EU. Who represents whom in the European Union? Member States are represented via their governments in the Council, the peoples of the ... More


Democratic Deficit and the WTO

Sarah Joseph

in Blame it on the WTO?: A Human Rights Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199565894
eISBN:
9780191728693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565894.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter analyses arguments that the WTO suffers from a ‘democratic deficit’, which would cast doubt on the legitimacy and perhaps the desirability of the WTO's rules. The first section outlines ... More


Supranational Delegation and National Parliamentary Scrutiny since the 1970s

Peter L. Lindseth

in Power and Legitimacy: Reconciling Europe and the Nation-State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390148
eISBN:
9780199866397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390148.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter describes the final element of the convergence of European public law around the legitimating structures and normative principles of the postwar constitutional settlement: national ... More


National Squares and European Circle: The Challenge of Adjustment

Yves Mény

in From the Nation State to Europe: Essays in Honour of Jack Hayward

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244034
eISBN:
9780191599897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244030.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The process of European integration is bringing about an ever‐widening democratic deficit in which the EU is acquiring ever‐broader powers and competencies, which are increasingly at odds with ... More


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