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Military Institutions and Fiscal Growth

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter analyses the development of military and fiscal institutions in England and the Netherlands. Their armies were composed of different mixtures of noble retinues, militias, garrison and ... More


Property and Governance: Making the Anglo-Saxon Agricultural Landscape

Susan Oosthuizen

in Power and Place in Europe in the Early Middle Ages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780197266588
eISBN:
9780191896040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266588.003.0021
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The chapter focuses on ancient traditions of collective governance over agricultural resources in the context of the growth of early medieval lordship. It begins by drawing attention to the ... More


Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

David Stone

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book uses manorial account rolls innovatively to reconstruct the economic mentalities of medieval farmers and, by so doing, argues that they have been unfairly stereotyped. It overturns the ... More


Interpreting Medieval Agriculture

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This introductory chapter argues that medieval landlords and their officials, on whom our understanding of medieval agriculture primarily rests, are usually perceived as being economically artless. ... More


Responding to Pressure at the Turn of the Fifteenth Century

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The profitability of direct cultivation at Wisbech was severely reduced in the late 14th and early 15th centuries as agricultural prices fell and wages rose. But unlike many other landlords, who ... More


The Last Phase of Direct Cultivation

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Although two major innovations were introduced at Wisbech Barton in the 1410s, namely an increase in the acreage under wheat and the expansion of dairy farming, the bishop of Ely's desire to ... More


Standards of Demesne Farm Management in England

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines demesne management in medieval England generally and suggests that efficiency was dependent upon person, period, and place. It highlights the general competency of demesne ... More


The Role of Royal Government

Brock W. Holden

in Lords of the Central Marches: English Aristocracy and Frontier Society, 1087-1265

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199548576
eISBN:
9780191720680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548576.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the role of the Royal Government in the border region of Herefordshire and the adjacent Marcher lordship. It argues that the king played a greater role in the shaping of the ... More


The Monuments of Civilians

Nigel Saul

in English Church Monuments in the Middle Ages: History and Representation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199215980
eISBN:
9780191710001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215980.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Effigial monuments of civilians made their appearance nearly half- or three-quarters of a century after the earliest knightly effigies. It is difficult to be certain about the dissemination of the ... More


The Sinews of Aristocratic Power

R. R. Davies

in Lords and Lordship in the British Isles in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542918
eISBN:
9780191715648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542918.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

An analysis of lordship in the British Isles in the late Middle Ages must begin with authority over men, or tributary lordship — a theme obscured by the focus on land-lordship in English ... More


Aristocratic life 987–1108

Jean Dunbabin

in France in the Making 843–1180

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208464
eISBN:
9780191678028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208464.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In some cases, most strikingly in Normandy, the landed gains of castellans had been made at the expense of the comital demesne. There was thus a real danger, not of impoverishment, but of the closing ... More


Exploitation of Assets I: Land and Demesne Produce

Berenice M. Kerr

in Religious Life for Women c.1100–c.1350: Fontevraud in England

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207528
eISBN:
9780191677717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207528.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter examines how the nuns administered their resources, looking in particular at land and demesne produce. The main resource possessed by any ... More


Formative trends in tenth-century political life

Jean Dunbabin

in France in the Making 843–1180

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208464
eISBN:
9780191678028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208464.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter explains much about the political history of West Francia from 888 to 987. To those historians whose interests have concentrated on the development of central institutions of government, ... More


Formative trends in eleventh-century political life

Jean Dunbabin

in France in the Making 843–1180

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208464
eISBN:
9780191678028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208464.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In the first half of the eleventh century, the impotence of the Capetians was openly acknowledged by their subjects. The strength that kingship had derived from its new royal family—the more ... More


The House and Demesne

Alvin Jackson

in Colonel Edward Saunderson: Land and Loyalty in Victorian Ireland

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204985
eISBN:
9780191676437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204985.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes Castle Saunderson and its history. The castle had its origins in the seventeenth century as a fortified dwelling house, and was a tangible expression of the consolidation of ... More


Colonial society and economy

Kevin Down

in A New History of Ireland: Volume II, Medieval Ireland 1169–1534

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199539703
eISBN:
9780191701184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539703.003.0016
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter discusses the following: the limitations of source material; the Irish landscape; conquest and feudalization; a new tenantry; Gaelic Irish in colonial society; population estimates; ... More


The Tenant's Interest in the Land

A. W. B. Simpson

in A History of the Land Law

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255376
eISBN:
9780191681585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255376.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

An obvious consequence of the tenurial system is that a number of persons had interests of some sort in the same parcel of land. Confining attention for the time being simply to freeholders, at the ... More


The Harlakenden estate

H. R. French and R. W. Hoyle

in The Character of English Rural Society: Earls Colne, 1550-1750

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719051081
eISBN:
9781781700716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719051081.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The consolidated estate that Roger Harlakenden acquired from the Earl of Oxford, his lessees, and their various assignees was surveyed and mapped by Israel Amyce in 1598. The survey reveals that the ... More


Conclusion

H. R. French and R. W. Hoyle

in The Character of English Rural Society: Earls Colne, 1550-1750

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719051081
eISBN:
9781781700716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719051081.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter summarises the preceding discussions and presents some concluding thoughts from the authors. Earls Colne was situated within one of the most commercially developed areas of late medieval ... More


Feudal Baron

Robert B. Patterson

in The Earl, the Kings, and the Chronicler: Robert Earl of Gloucester and the Reigns of Henry I and Stephen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198797814
eISBN:
9780191839122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797814.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Historiography

Family affairs, land usage, and seigniorial status are the most visible elements of Earl Robert’s baronial life. There are examples of his children being reared and later maintained in his household. ... More


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