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Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Tim Mulgan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a new theory of the obligations to future generations, based on a new Rule Consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. The result is a coherent, ... More


Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Brian Feltham and John Cottingham (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What is owed to others that I may not keep for myself? What may I keep for myself, even when others are in need? These transparently moral questions may immediately invite knee-jerk moralistic ... More


Justifying Cosmopolitanism: A Methodological Critique

Claus Nielsen

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the different methodologies grounding the justification of cosmopolitan principles and shows that they are affected by significant difficulties. It distinguishes between two ... More


The Consequentialist Nature of Economic Analysis

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.01
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents welfare economics and its consequentialist nature. It first discusses the main features of positive and normative economic analysis and the meaning of “consequentialism.” It ... More


The Demandingness Objection: Too Demanding, or Not Demanding at All?

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consequentialism has since its inception faced persistent challenges of excess: it is, critics charge, too demanding, too confining, and too alienating to offer a plausible alternative moral theory. ... More


Introduction: Partiality and Impartiality in Ethics *

Brian Feltham

in Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter presents the notions of partiality and impartiality, as well as some of the key issues connected with them in ethical theory, such as the issue of the extent of the demands ... More


Virtue and Constraints

Christine Swanton

in Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253883
eISBN:
9780191598517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253889.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This Chapter gives a virtue ethical account of the problem of demandingness, showing how a virtue ethics may resolve the problem of ethics being excessively demanding.


Problems of Demandingness

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Objections to demanding moral outlooks are surveyed. The Extreme Demand does not rely on substantial consequentialist or other theoretical assumptions about the connection between morality and ... More


Modern Moral Philosophy and the Virtues

Roger Crisp

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Introduces a collection of specially commissioned articles on central topics in virtue ethics. Also provides an introduction to virtue ethics. The following topics are discussed: the ancient roots of ... More


Virtue Ethics, Utilitarianism, and Symmetry

Michael Slote

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Unlike Kantian and common‐sense morality, both utilitarianism and our common‐sense thinking about the virtues place ultimate normative weight on benefiting both oneself and others. But for ... More


Demands

Jonathan Bennett

in The Act Itself

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If making/allowing lacks basic moral significance, morality seems to be terribly demanding. It could be demanding in either of two ways: by answering too many practical questions, leaving too few to ... More


Act‐Consequentialism

Brad Hooker

in Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Act‐consequentialism is best construed as a criterion of rightness, not a decision procedure. Act‐consequentialism recommends that our procedure for making moral decisions employs rules very like the ... More


Basic positive duties of justice: a contractualist defense

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a contractualist account of basic positive duties of justice fulfilling the global sufficientarian demand to eradicate severe global poverty. It draws on, and further develops, ... More


Consequentialism and moral rationalism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper provides a presumptive argument in favor of moral rationalism: the view that agents can be morally required to do only what they have decisive reason to do, all things considered. The ... More


Taking Utilitarianism Seriously

Christopher Woodard

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198732624
eISBN:
9780191796845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198732624.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Utilitarianism is in the ascendancy in many parts of public culture, but its stock among moral and political philosophers is low. Many philosophers believe that it is a dead end, since they believe ... More


Promotional and Direct Duties

Elizabeth Cripps

in Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665655
eISBN:
9780191753039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665655.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter defends individual promotional duties as primary in cases of unfulfilled weakly collective duties. It appeals to efficiency, effectiveness and fairness, and responds to four objections. ... More


On Having an Inexhaustible Source of Moral Requirements

Lisa Tessman

in Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 7 notes that the question of moral demandingness usually focuses on maximizing act consequentialist theories that posit extreme, impartial moral demands. The chapter suggests considering ... More


Arguments for Combinations’ and Coalitions’ Duties

Stephanie Collins

in Group Duties: Their Existence and Their Implications for Individuals

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198840275
eISBN:
9780191875762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840275.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines six arguments in favour of the idea that combinations and coalitions are apt to bear duties. The first five arguments assert that combinations’ or coalitions’ duties are the ... More


Varieties of motivation

David O. Brink

in Mill's Progressive Principles

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672141
eISBN:
9780191751257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672141.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how Mill rejected the psychological assumptions of the Radicals and defended the importance of sympathy and conscience and explores the adequacy of Mill's account of the psychology ... More


They Can’t Take That Away from Me: Restricting the Reach of Morality’s Demands*

Sarah Stroud

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter highlights and assesses an important form of argument that has often been deployed in debates over moral demandingness. 'They can’t take that away from me' arguments claim to identify ... More


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