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Teleological Behaviorism and the Problem of Self-Control

Howard Rachlin

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Problems of self-control as well as social cooperation may be seen as conflicts not between internal spiritual or neurological entities, but between highly valued overt behavioral patterns of ... More


Working Memory Capacity: Self-control Is (in) the Goal

James M. Broadway, Thomas S. Redick, and Randall W. Engle

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Self-control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. ... More


Impulsivity and Its Association with Treatment Development for Pathological Gambling and Substance Use Disorders

Nancy M. Petry

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the diagnosis and prevalence rates of pathological gambling, including its link with substance use disorders, and also discusses studies evaluating constructs of impulsivity in ... More


Addiction and Altruism

Howard Rachlin

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter, which distinguishes between altruism and social cooperation in terms of repeated games, discusses altruism as really social cooperation over a wide temporal extent. It defines more ... More


Money as MacGuffin: A Factor in Gambling and Other Process Addictions

George Ainslie

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Behavioral science has assumed that reward which is not innate is a soft currency that must be backed by the hard currency of an innately rewarding process somewhere in prospect. However, hyperbolic ... More


Role of choice biases and choice architecture in behavioral economic strategies to reduce addictive behaviors

Jalie A. Tucker, Susan D. Chandler, and JeeWon Cheong

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Human investment activities are vulnerable to delay discounting and a range of other common choice biases. This chapter summarizes conceptual work and research on choice biases and discusses ... More


Framing as a Mechanism for Self-Control: Rationality and Quasi-Cyclical Preferences

José Luis Bermúdez

in Surrounding Self-Control

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780197500941
eISBN:
9780197500972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197500941.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter approaches self-control via a problem arising in decision theoretic discussions of sequential choice within a broadly Humean conception of action and motivation. How can agents stick to ... More


Palpating the elephant: Current theories of addiction in light of hyperbolic delay discounting

George Ainslie

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Addiction appears to contradict expected utility theory and has therefore been the subject of many re-examinations of motivation. It is variously said to arise from and/or be maintained by ... More


Addiction as social choice

Howard Rachlin

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A person’s self may be viewed as the more or less extended temporal and social patterns of that person’s overt behavior, and nothing more. In this view, your relation with your future self is ... More


Dithering: A Chapter on the Strategic Advantages of Indecisive Waiting

Peter Toohey

in Hold On: The Life, Science, and Art of Waiting

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190083618
eISBN:
9780190083649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190083618.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Unlike the pausing that takes place in music, the hesitant pause, such as in dithering or procrastination, can be, if not debilitating, at least a problem. But there can be some advantages to ... More


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