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Introduction

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This introductory chapter summarizes the nature of mental health and vocational services during the period preceding the development of IPS supported employment. Deinstitutionalization failed to ... More


Conclusion: Senior Officials in Western Europe

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion starts by noting that there are clearly highly diverse trends in the development of bureaucracy in Western Europe, and that, although in some countries patterns of change are quite ... More


Thresholds of Opportunity and Barriers to Change in the Right‐Sizing of States

Ian S. Lustick

in Right-sizing the State: The Politics of Moving Borders

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244904
eISBN:
9780191600050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244901.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ian S. Lustick asks how can and do states ‘down‐size’ themselves by shrinking the ambit of their authority —a contraction that may be defined as consociationalism, or as partition, or as some ... More


 The Sixties: Secularization and the Prophesies of Freedom

Slavica Jakelić

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows that during the 1960s there was an increasing affinity between the notion that de‐institutionalized religion is something good and the intellectual and social sensibilities of the ... More


Making It Crazy: An Ethnography of Psychiatric Clients in an American Community

Sue Estroff

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520054516
eISBN:
9780520907751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520054516.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book explores the psychological, social, and economic facts of life for a group of discharged mental hospital patients living in Madison, Wisconsin. It both explicitly and inferentially raises ... More


From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Anne E. Parsons

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

To many, insane asylums are a relic of a bygone era. State governments took steps between 1950 and 1990 to minimize the involuntary confinement of people in mental hospitals, and many mental health ... More


Slovenia: Social Pacts and Political Exchange

Miroslav Stanojević and Alenka Krašovec

in Social Pacts in Europe: Emergence, Evolution, and Institutionalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199590742
eISBN:
9780191728891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590742.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

This chapter on Slovenia analyses a country where social pacting was the only mode of coordination able to ensure a relatively efficient regulation and resolution of the key economic, social, and ... More


Conclusions: Reassessing the Framework

Sabina Avdagic, Martin Rhodes, and Jelle Visser

in Social Pacts in Europe: Emergence, Evolution, and Institutionalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199590742
eISBN:
9780191728891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590742.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

This chapter assesses the book’s analytical framework. Regarding social pact emergence, overall the evidence supports our central argument that pacts emerge via political processes driven by ... More


A History of Powerlessness

Donald M. Linhorst

in Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195171877
eISBN:
9780199865338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes the history of powerlessness of people with mental illness. This helps to put into context current limitations to empowerment and provides direction for creating opportunities ... More


Human Service Organizations: Dead or Alive?

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Mental models are the largely unconscious ideas and beliefs that structure what we think about–and what we do not consider. Mental models represent mental short-cuts and limitations. This chapter ... More


HRM in its Context: An Institutional Perspective

Jaap Paauwe

in HRM and Performance: Achieving Long Term Viability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273904
eISBN:
9780191699726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273904.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

Making use of the ‘inside-out’ and ‘outside-in’ viewpoints enables us to acquire a better understanding of the links between strategy, HRM, and the resulting performance. This chapter draws attention ... More


Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions

Martin Summers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190852641
eISBN:
9780190060138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190852641.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, American History: 20th Century

This book is a history of the federal mental institution Saint Elizabeths Hospital and its relationship to Washington, DC’s African American community. Founded in 1855 to treat insane military ... More


Therapeutic work and mental illness in America, c. 1830–1970

Ben Harris

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows the key role played by patient labour in the birth, development, and decline of the hospital treatment of the mentally ill in the United States. Patient labour was present at the ... More


Introduction

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The introduction reviews the relevant histories of prisons, mental health policy, and the social welfare state. It highlights how recent scholarship has not connected the history of mental hospitals ... More


Mental Hospitals and the Carceral State

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how in the 1940s, mental hospitals comprised land, buildings, and workforces used by the states to feed and house hundreds of thousands of people. Conscientious objectors who ... More


Unlocking the Doors

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces how the number of people in mental health institutions began to decline in the 1950s. It examines Pennsylvania as a case study and finds that riots and scandals at mental ... More


Flying the Cuckoo’s Nest

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter charts the multiple factors that spurred the deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1960s. In 1963, Congress passed the Community Mental Health Act, which funded the creation ... More


Custodialism Reborn

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the end of the 1960s, anti-institutionalism had extended beyond mental health and bled into prison reform. This chapter tracks the rise and fall of efforts to find alternatives to prisons. In the ... More


Cruel Choices

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how the 1980s hastened the shrinking of state mental health services and the rise of more punitive practices. President Ronald Reagan supported the continued downsizing of ... More


Epilogue

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The epilogue reflects on the contemporary crisis of mass incarceration in the United States, which has particularly affected people with mental health conditions and substance abuse disorders. It ... More


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