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Degradation and improvement of crystal perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The diffraction properties of a crystal can be degraded by a number of factors. These include age, X‐ray radiation damage, cryocooling to mitigate this damage, and dehydration effects. Some, ... More


Feeding and hydration problems

Justin Amery

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Food and drink are basic survival needs, but they are also used for pleasure, socializing, habit, comfort, or even boredom. Feeding one's child is also a very powerful maternal and paternal drive. ... More


Specialized Physiological Characteristics of Amphibia

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter delineates the specialized physiological characteristics of amphibians, including anatomy and physiology of physiological processes of amphibians that have served as unique and powerful ... More


Physical Hazards

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Physical hazards involve the release of energy in various forms: 1) noise, the most common and widespread physical hazard, can be continuous noise or impulse that can cause damage to the ear or ... More


Upper Limb—Forearm, Wrist, and Hand

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions When judging rotational alignment of the radius on an anteroposterior radiograph the radial tuberosity should lie in which orientation in relation to the radial styloid? Select the single ... More


Knowledge in the Time of Cholera: The Struggle over American Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

Owen Whooley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226017464
eISBN:
9780226017778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017778.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Vomiting. Diarrhea. Dehydration. Death. Confusion. In 1832, the arrival of cholera in the United States created widespread panic throughout the country. For the rest of the century, epidemics swept ... More


Water

Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, and Stephen P. Roberts

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199225941
eISBN:
9780191774607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225941.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores and discusses the water-regulation aspects and problems that insects adopt and resolve throughout the lifecycles. Because most insects are terrestrial, and at the same time are ... More


Physico-chemical gradients and extremes

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses how insects are affected by temperature variations and extremes, and the different adaptations that allow some independence of ambient temperatures (behavioural and ... More


Ruin and Death 1841

Lawrence M. Crutcher

in George Keats of Kentucky: A Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813136882
eISBN:
9780813141411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136882.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

George guarantees the note of Tom Bakewell for a large steamboat project, which is terminated following the Panic of 1837. Bakewell defaults and George bankrupts himself trying to pay the debt. On a ... More


Physiological and morphological effects of climate change

Andrew E. McKechnie

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

The direct impacts of higher temperatures on birds are manifested over timescales ranging from minutes and hours to years and decades. Over short timescales, acute exposure to high temperatures can ... More


Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Louise Morganstein and Jonathan Hill

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Child and adolescent psychiatry is the medical specialty that works with children, young people, and families with emotional and behavioural problems. As children and young people are still ... More


Caries control for the patients with active lesions

Edwina Kidd and Ole Fejerskov

in Essentials of Dental Caries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198738268
eISBN:
9780191916861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738268.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

Chapter 4 described caries control measures for everybody, a whole population approach. The emphasis was on oral hygiene, regularly disturbing the biofilm with fluoride toothpaste. The mode of ... More


Natural Mummification as a Non-Normative Mortuary Custom of Modern Period Sicily (1600–1800)

Dario Piombino-Mascali and Kenneth C. Nystrom

in The Odd, the Unusual, and the Strange: Bioarchaeological Explorations of Atypical Burials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781683401032
eISBN:
9781683401216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401032.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The island of Sicily is home to a large number of spontaneously mummified remains, dating from the 16th to 19th centuries CE, most of which are located in the renowned Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo, ... More


Sickness: Spring–Winter 1861

Judkin Browning and Timothy Silver

in An Environmental History of the Civil War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655383
eISBN:
9781469655406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655383.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the explosion of diseases that occurred once the armies concentrated at the beginning of the war. Epidemics of measles, typhoid fever, malaria, and venereal disease among ... More


Freezing

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Freezing is a widespread ecological challenge, affecting organisms in over half the terrestrial environment as well as both polar seas. With very few exceptions, if a cell freezes internally, it ... More


Origin of granitic magmas

Anne Nédélec and Jean-Luc Bouchez

in Granites: Petrology, Structure, Geological Setting, and Metallogeny

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198705611
eISBN:
9780191774515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705611.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The magmatic origin of granites is illustrated by field observations of migmatites. This was confirmed and refined by many experimental studies which, in addition, put forward the important role of ... More


Drugs and other physical treatments

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

This chapter is about the use of drugs and electroconvul­sive therapy (ECT). Stimulants for ADHD are covered in Chapter 32, and psychological treatments in Chapter 14. This is a convenient way of ... More


Symptoms Associated with HIV and AIDS

Harold W. Goforth and Mary Ann Cohen

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372571.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Many persons with HIV and AIDS have symptoms that are unrelated to underlying psychiatric disorders but may masquerade as such. These symptoms may include insomnia, fatigue, nausea, or other ... More


Advanced Trauma Life Support (Atls), Polytrauma, Limb Salvage, and UK Trauma Guidelines

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Mechanical instability of the pelvic ring may be tested by manual manipulation of the pelvis 1 in 6 Manual manipulation of the pelvis should never be performed Pelvic binder Manipulation ... More


Cirrus, Climate, and Global Change

Graeme Stephens

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0024
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Understanding the climate of Earth and the way climate varies in time requires a quantitative understanding of the way water cycles back and forth between the atmosphere and at the Earth’s surface. ... More


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