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7 Creating structures with stacking faults

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The presence of stacking faults is another common form of disorder. This chapter describes the principle stacking fault types. Other topics include different notations of stacking sequences and the ... More


Symmetries and Sasakian Structures

Charles P. Boyer and Krzysztof Galicki

in Sasakian Geometry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198564959
eISBN:
9780191713712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564959.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter presents known results concerning symmetries of Sasakian structures, including a detailed study of the Sasakian automorphisms and various deformations of Sasakian structures. Homogeneous ... More


INTRODUCTION

Haruzo Hida

in Hilbert Modular Forms and Iwasawa Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571025
eISBN:
9780191718946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571025.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This introductory chapter describes the deformation theoretic techniques of Wiles-Taylor for elliptic modular forms. The chapter concentrates mostly on the Galois side of the picture, recalling the ... More


LASER-INDUCED DEFORMATION OF THIN FILMS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the theory of laser-induced deformation and patterning of irradiated surfaces. Topics discussed include laser irradiation and thin film deformation, laser-induced temperature ... More


INTERACTION BETWEEN ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS AND PARTITION PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter introduces the one-dimensional version of problems defined on functions of bounded variations. It is shown that for general energies, the surface and volume terms of the energy can ... More


Depth contrast

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

An object in one location can influence the perceived spatial disposition of an object in a neighbouring location or of an object seen successively in the same location. This chapter discusses these ... More


Higgs Bundles and Geometric Structures on Surfaces

William M. Goldman

in The Many Facets of Geometry: A Tribute to Nigel Hitchin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199534920
eISBN:
9780191716010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534920.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

The theory of Higgs bundles, pioneered by Hitchin and Simpson, provides an analytic approach to studying surface group representations and their deformation space. This chapter describes the basic ... More


Preliminaries to Main Results

Joram Lindenstrauss, David Preiss, and Tiˇser Jaroslav

in Fréchet Differentiability of Lipschitz Functions and Porous Sets in Banach Spaces (AM-179)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153551
eISBN:
9781400842698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153551.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This chapter presents a number of results and notions that will be used in subsequent chapters. In particular, it considers the concept of regular differentiability and the lemma on deformation of ... More


Incomplete sensitivities

Bijan Mohammadi and Olivier Pironneau

in Applied Shape Optimization for Fluids

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546909
eISBN:
9780191720482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546909.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter discusses incomplete sensitivity. Incomplete sensitivity means that during sensitivity evaluation, only the deformation of the geometry is accounted for and the change of the state ... More


Elementary concepts of nuclear physics

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter describes the basic concepts of nuclear models beginning with the bare force between two nucleons and ending with the complex configurations of the many-body system. For example those ... More


Shell effects and Strutinsky renormalization

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In finite nuclei, the shell effects of the independent particle model are manifest for states in the neighborhood of the Fermi level. Guided by the Strutinsky energy theorem, this fact is exploited ... More


Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In materials, critical phenomena such as phase transitions, plastic deformation and fracture are intimately related to self-organization. Understanding the origin of spatio-temporal order in systems ... More


MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND REAL AREA OF CONTACT

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter covers how the material around contacting asperities deform when two surfaces touch and the resulting stresses in the materials. The first part of the chapter is devoted to how these ... More


MATERIAL DEFORMATION

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the main elements of continuum theory, which will be utilized further in later sections dealing with a variety of applications. First, a basic review of vector and tensor ... More


Derek Walcott: Islands of History at a Rendezvous with a Muse

Tejumola Olaniyan

in Scars of Conquest/Masks of Resistance: The Invention of Cultural Identities in African, African-American and Caribbean Drama

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195094053
eISBN:
9780199855278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195094053.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Drama

The process by which the form and the different facets of the universe manifested in various contexts is called “coherent deformation.” Coherence issues on cultural diversity uphold the ... More


STRUCTURE OF CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS AND THE “DEFECT STATE”

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

What governs the state of order of a solid depends primarily on the type of atomic bonding and on the processing path. The interest in this book is almost entirely in solids in the crystalline state ... More


KINEMATICS AND KINETICS OF CRYSTAL PLASTICITY

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Crystal plasticity is overwhelmingly a consequence of the self similar translations of dislocations, which is viewed as a limiting form of more general shear transformations that also include ... More


STRAIN HARDENING

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter presents the intrinsic mechanisms of dislocation resistance resulting from the forms of interaction and intersections of dislocations occurring during quasi-homogeneous plastic flow, and ... More


Depth contrast

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0406
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

An object in one location can influence the perceived 3-D spatial disposition of an object in a neighboring location or of an object seen successively in the same location. These effects come under ... More


Nanomechanical Effects

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the effect of force and deformation of the tip apex and the sample surface in the operation and imaging mechanism of STM and AFM. Because the contact area is of atomic ... More


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