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Wittgenstein's Metaphilosophy

Paul Horwich

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588879
eISBN:
9780191744716
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588879.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This book develops an interpretation of Ludwig Wittgenstein's later writings (in particular, his Philosophical Investigations) that differs in substantial respects from what can already be found in ... More


Conclusions and Reflections

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter considers what can be learnt from the EMU negotiations and why an EMU agreement was possible. It looks at the nature and patterns of coalition building. It also examines the EMU ... More


What Was Money in Ancient Greece?

David M. Schaps

in The Monetary Systems of the Greeks and Romans

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233359
eISBN:
9780191716348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233359.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the significance of money in ancient Greece. It argues that economies managed by using reciprocity and redistribution, special-purpose money, credit, and most importantly, ... More


Truth and Truth Conditions

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on bioconditional truth deflation and metaphysical truth deflation. Bioconditional truth deflationists see truth as a predicate to be directly applied to sentences or to ... More


Coinage and Metal Supply

Bruce Hitchner

in Quantifying the Roman Economy: Methods and Problems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562596
eISBN:
9780191721458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562596.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Did the Roman state manipulate the coinage only in response to political or economic problems or to problems of metal supply or was it in any way reacting to problems associated with growth in a hard ... More


The 1920s: Crises and Currency Stabilizations

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks first at some of the critical financial developments in the 1920s. These include the problems of inflation and hyper-inflation which afflicted almost all the European economies, ... More


Achieving Stability

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the process that led to conservative stability in France, Germany, and Italy. Between the summer of 1924 and the end of 1926, Europeans underwent a period of painful bargaining ... More


Reconstructing the Facade

Barry Eichengreen

in Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101133
eISBN:
9780199869626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101138.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter (like the previous one) looks at the fiscal war of attrition that fueled inflation in the 1920s; here, inflationary chaos elsewhere in Europe is contrasted with the experience of ... More


Banking in the South and West: Banks and the Commonweal

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Banks in the South and West received large state subsidies, became embroiled in infrastructure projects, and were expected to promote social welfare and the “commonwealth ideal.” In accordance with ... More


Method in the Madness? Banking Crises Between the Wars, an International Comparison

Joost Jonker and Jan Luiten van Zanden

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

This investigation of the banking crises experienced in 12 European industrial countries and the USA attempts to establish a common pattern and to identify explanations for the timing and occurrence ... More


International Economics and Domestic Politics: Notes on the 1920s

Barry Eichengreen and Beth Simmons

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

There were radical differences in post‐war exchange‐rate regimes, and associated monetary and fiscal policies. Some countries accommodated moderate inflation by abandoning their pre‐war gold ... More


Exchange‐Rate Policy and Macroeconomic Performance: A Comparison of French and Italian Experience Between the Wars

Jean‐Charles Asselain and Alain Plessis

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

France and Italy both stabilized their currencies relatively late. Although the French franc was initially undervalued and the lira overvalued, there were significant similarities in subsequent ... More


Norwegian Banking in the Inter‐War Period: A Scandinavian Perspective

Helge W. Nordvik

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Begins with an account of the development of the Norwegian banking system before the First World War and then examines the long and severe banking crisis of 1923–28, and the policies adopted ... More


Risk and Consequences: The Changing Japanese Employment Paradigm

Machiko Osawa and Jeff Kingston

in Japan: The Precarious Future

Published in print:
1953
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479889389
eISBN:
9781479830893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The most significant trend in the Japanese labor market over the past two decades is the doubling of the percentage of the workforce hired as nonregular employees who do not enjoy job security or ... More


The Findings and the Model

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0019
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Earlier, this book presented a simple model for the dynamics of the information sector. It is based on two variables: lower entry barriers, which induce a new entry, and growing economies of scale, ... More


Truth

Jonathan Barnes

in Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

According to Cicero, ‘Chrysippus strains every sinew in order to persuade us that every assertible is either true or false’. How did Chrysippus strain his sinews? Why did he strain them? And what ... More


Income and Wealth

Roderick Floud

in The People and the British Economy, 1830–1914

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192892102
eISBN:
9780191670602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892102.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines Britain's economic growth from 1830 to 1914. It discusses the pattern of growth, the distribution of wealth and income, the sources of growth, and the performance of the ... More


Anti-Austerity on the Far Right

Melinda Cooper

in Mutant Neoliberalism: Market Rule and Political Rupture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823285716
eISBN:
9780823288793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823285716.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

After almost a decade of punishing austerity and social-democratic paralysis, the electoral success of the far right appears as a real and credible threat across Europe. This chapter focuses on the ... More


Horwich on Meaning

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Paul Horwich’s naturalistic theory of meaning expounded here happily eschews an unexplained notion of truth conditions. Meanings he explains via synonymy and deflation, with synonymy treated ... More


Monetary Policy with Very Low Inflation in the Pacific Rim

Takatoshi Ito and Andrew K. Rose (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226378978
eISBN:
9780226379012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226379012.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Extremely low inflation rates have moved to the forefront of monetary policy discussions. In Asia, a number of countries—most prominently Japan, but also Taiwan and China—have actually experienced ... More


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