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Iterating Definiteness

Cian Dorr

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that higher-order vagueness is universal: no sentence whatsoever is definitely true, definitely definitely true, definitely definitely definitely true, and so on ad infinitum. The ... More


Issues in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Definite Descriptions in English

Barbara Abbott

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter defends an analysis of definite descriptions according to which they express a presupposition of existence and a conventional implicature of uniqueness. It replies to analyses offered by ... More


Observations concerning names and related categories

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter brings together and extends various observations on the functions of names and their relation to other categories. Names as arguments are definite and serve independently to establish ... More


The syntax of names

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter elaborates the categorial structures associated with the functions of names. It is only as an argument that they have the syntax of a determinative, expressed either inherently (English) ... More


The definiteness feature at the syntax–semantics interface

Gabi Danon

in Features: Perspectives on a Key Notion in Linguistics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577743
eISBN:
9780191722844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577743.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Based on cross‐linguistic differences in the interpretation of genitive constructions, this chapter argues that there are two strategies for interpreting complex nominals: one that relies on sharing ... More


Acquisition of plurality in a language without plurality *

Alan Munn, Xiaofei Zhang, and Cristina Schmitt

in Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199553266
eISBN:
9780191720833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553266.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Mandarin Chinese has no marking for either plurality or definiteness on bare nominals, but has a portmanteau morpheme -men which encodes both plurality and definiteness. This chapter shows that the ... More


If it’s clear, then it’s clear that it’s clear, or is it? Higher-order vagueness and the S4 axiom ⋆

Susanne Bobzien

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This paper challenges some widespread assumptions about the role of the modal axiom S4 in theories of vagueness. In the context of vagueness, S4 usually appears as the principle ‘If it’s clear ... More


Type 〈1, 1〉 Quantifiers of Natural Language

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the most important quantifiers for natural language semantics: the class of type ‹1, 1› quantifiers. The term ‘quantirelation’ was introduced for expressions in natural ... More


Uniformity and Contrast in the Hungarian Verbal Paradigm

Péter Rebrus and Miklós Törkenczy

in Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199267712
eISBN:
9780191708213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter analyzes lexical allomorphy in the Hungarian verbal paradigm, specifically the variety that is paradigmatically motivated. The traditional strategy to account for allomorphy with ... More


Relation with the Referent

D.N.S. BHAT

in Pronouns

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199230242
eISBN:
9780191710124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230242.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter discusses a conflict in the relationship between personal pronouns and their referents. In order to denote speech roles efficiently and to function as shifters, they need to be ... More


Characteristics of Proforms

D.N.S. BHAT

in Pronouns

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199230242
eISBN:
9780191710124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230242.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter points out the need to differentiate between two kinds of reference and identification that may be called ‘pragmatic’ and ‘semantic’. A similar differentiation needs to be made in the ... More


Inflectional Morphology

JAN TERJE FAARLUND

in The Syntax of Old Norse: With a survey of the inflectional morphology and a complete bibliography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199235599
eISBN:
9780191709401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235599.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter starts with a general presentation of the case system of Old Norse, pointing out the semantic and syntactic properties of the four cases of the language. There is one section presenting ... More


How Not to Solve the Paradox of the Heap

TIMOTHY A. O. ENDICOTT

in Vagueness in Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198268406
eISBN:
9780191714795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268406.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines higher-order vagueness by pointing out problems that it poses for philosophers of logic who seek to solve the sorites paradox. Various proposed solutions to the sorites paradox ... More


The Dependent Marking Cycles: Case

Elly van Gelderen

in The Linguistic Cycle: Language Change and the Language Faculty

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199756056
eISBN:
9780199896882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756056.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Case is explored in the same way as agreement, through Feature Economy. Case derives from deixis, actual deixis for the semantic cases and grammaticalized deixis (e.g. [uT] in previous chapters) for ... More


The DP Cycle

Elly van Gelderen

in The Linguistic Cycle: Language Change and the Language Faculty

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199756056
eISBN:
9780199896882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756056.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Demonstratives are involved in cyclical changes by becoming articles and later class or Case markers. This involves the grammaticalization of deictic features. For instance, the Old English masculine ... More


Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language

Diana Raffman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199915101
eISBN:
9780199392650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915101.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Because they lack sharp boundaries of application, vague words like ‘tall’ and ‘adult’ cause logical and semantic problems in philosophy, decision theory, and the law, among other disciplines. ... More


Plural marking beyond count nouns *

Saeed Ghaniabadi

in Count and Mass Across Languages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Plural marking on mass nouns in languages like English and Persian is assumed to be allowed only when the interpretation of the mass noun is subject to coercion — i.e. count reading of mass nouns. As ... More


Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese

Yongxian Luo

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660223
eISBN:
9780191745096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Possessive constructions in Mandarin Chinese exhibit a rich array of correlations between the possessor and possesee in the noun phrase, as well as in the verb phrase and the lexicon. They are ... More


Extensions and Outlook

Omer Preminger

in Agreement and Its Failures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027403
eISBN:
9780262323192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027403.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the implications of the results of previous chapters for topics beyond agreement and case. The first section explores the question of whether phi-feature agreement, shown to ... More


Definiteness effects and linking

Delia Bentley

in Existentials and Locatives in Romance Dialects of Italy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198745266
eISBN:
9780191806230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745266.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter provides an account of the crosslinguistic variation in the definiteness effects, capturing the following facts: languages differ in terms of how freely they admit post-copular definites ... More


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