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 Nonreproductive Health Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables that arise in the health care of women who are HIV positive or have AIDS, women with breast or gynecological cancer, and the use of hormone replacement therapy for ... More


Wickedness and Vices

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter rejects the notion of absolute evil and argues that even Satanic wickedness cannot be understood as unqualified opposition to all goods. Badness of character is found in the way one ... More


The Supporting Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments supporting the existence of a priori knowledge fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept of a priori knowledge and maintain ... More


Agriculture: a mixed blessing

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Although agriculture acted as a spur to many aspects of social and technological development, increasing reliance on a narrow range of food crops had many downsides that sometimes caused people to ... More


Getting What You Wish For: A Reading of the Fall

David Quint

in Inside Paradise Lost: Reading the Designs of Milton's Epic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161914
eISBN:
9781400850488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161914.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter relates the separate falls of Eve and Adam in book 9, respectively, to deeply held wishes that Milton reveals in other writings throughout his career. The fall of Eve grows out of the ... More


Pleasure: Aristotle's Response to Plato

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's response to Plato's treatment of pleasure. In opposition to Plato's account of pleasure as the making good of a natural deficiency, Aristotle proposes a theory of ... More


Farewell

M.N. Srinivas

in The Remembered Village

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077459
eISBN:
9780199081165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077459.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter explores the author's thoughts on the last few days of his stay in Rampura. It reflects on how he enjoyed his work and encounters with villagers from different castes and classes. In ... More


The Anatomy of Famine

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Famine brings with it starvation, fevers, dysentery and diarrhoea, the collapse of family and community life, and chronic misery. Commentators from Edward Spenser in the 1590s to William Wilde in ... More


Conclusion

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study about the development and implementation of policies to address the mental deficiency ... More


Introduction

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the coverage of this book, which is about the development and implementation of policies to address the problem of ... More


The Parliamentary Politics of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses issues relevant to the parliamentary politics of mental deficiency in Great Britain. The British legislature passed the Mental ... More


A Question of Access or Mobilization? Understanding Inefficacious Job Referral Networks among the Black Poor

Sandra Susan Smith

in Social Capital: An International Research Program

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234387
eISBN:
9780191740619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234387.003.0076
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter studies the inefficiency of job referral networks that exist among the black poor. It first tries to determine if there are any deficiencies in access, and then considers the willingness ... More


Primary defects in lysosomal enzymes

Bryan G. Winchester

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a discussion of the molecular genetics of lysosomal enzyme deficiencies. It then discusses the relation of mutations to the structure and function of lysosomal enzymes, and ... More


Defects in lysosomal enzyme modification for catalytic activity

Kurt von Figura, Ljudmila V. Borissenko, Jens Fey, Jianhe Peng, Bernhard Schmidt, and Thomas Dierks

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Two types of modifications are known so far that are required for catalytic activity of lysosomal enzymes. The first type represents the conversion of the catalytically inactive pro-form of ... More


Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many parts of the world endemic for the most common infectious diseases have the highest prevalence rates of trace metal deficiencies and increasing rates of trace metal pollution. The co-clustering ... More


Intervention Strategies for Metal Deficiency and Overload

Fudi Wang and Lihong Zhang

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

An increasing amount of evidence shows the linkage between metal ion homeostasis and human disease. Deficiency or overload of metal ions play vital roles in many human diseases, including infectious ... More


Metal Homeostasis during Development, Maturation, and Aging: Impact on Infectious Diseases

Inga Wessels

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides a summary of the functions of essential metallic elements in human metabolism and during infectious diseases as well as their homeostasis during development, maturation, and ... More


Obesity, Trace Metals, and Infection

Jerome O. Nriagu

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Trace metals are required in small quantities for a wide array of metabolic functions in the body. In terms of obesity, they can enhance insulin action through activating insulin receptor sites, ... More


Metals in the Environment as Risk Factors for Infectious Diseases: Gaps and Opportunities

M. Leigh Ackland, Julia Bornhorst, George V. Dedoussis, Rodney R. Dietert, Jerome O. Nriagu, Jozef M. Pacyna, and John M. Pettifor

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

By reducing immune function, trace metal deficiencies may substantially contribute to the global burden of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria. Human activities may be contributing to trace metal ... More


Adaptation to Undernourishment

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Adaptation to undernourishment is discussed in eight sections: (1) the international incidence of calorie deficiency; (2) genetic, physiological, and behavioural adaptation to undernourishment; (3) ... More


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