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The Global Security Environment

Norrin M. Ripsman and T. V. Paul

in Globalization and the National Security State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393903
eISBN:
9780199776832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393903.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates global trends from 1991 to 2008. In particular, it inquires whether the macro-level propositions identified in Chapter 1 have been borne out. Therefore, it considers whether ... More


Political Action for Peace

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter demonstrates how the Vietnam War forced residents to grapple with the central role of defense spending in shaping the economy and labor market of the Route 128 area. The MIT scientists ... More


Budget and Finance

Daivd Shambaugh

in Modernizing China's Military: Progress, Problems, and Prospects

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225077
eISBN:
9780520938106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225077.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the intricacies of military fiscal reform, and People's Liberation Army (PLA) revenue flows and estimated expenditures. It also seeks to examine the primary data to better ... More


NATO at War: In Afghanistan and at Home?

David P. Auerswald and Stephen M. Saideman

in NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159386
eISBN:
9781400848676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter demonstrates that operating in a multilateral military effort is challenging. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) would be more effective if every contingent had no ... More


The Domestic Achievement, 1981–1989

Michael Schaller

in Reckoning with Reagan: America and Its President in the 1980s

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195090499
eISBN:
9780199854196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090499.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the accomplishments of Ronald Reagan as president of the U.S. from 1981 to 1989. During his term, Reagan challenged many and reversed some of the liberal programs that dominated ... More


Military Strength and the Use of Force

in The Foreign Policy Disconnect: What Americans Want from Our Leaders but Don't Get

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226644615
eISBN:
9780226644592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226644592.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the circumstances under which Americans favor or oppose the use of military force, with special attention to the roles of multilateral cooperation and of international ... More


Looking for Balancing: The Non-Occurrence of the Expected

in Looking for Balance: China, the United States, and Power Balancing in East Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804778206
eISBN:
9780804778473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter evaluates evidence on whether China's neighbors in East Asia have made any attempt to balance the power of the Chinese. It analyzes their defense spending, trade with China, and ... More


Regionalism, Southerners, and US Foreign Relations, 1789–1973

Joseph A. Fry

in The American South and the Vietnam War: Belligerence, Protest, and Agony in Dixie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813161044
eISBN:
9780813165486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813161044.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

As essential background for the examination of the South and Vietnam, this chapter provides an overview of the region’s influence on US foreign policy from the adoption of the US Constitution through ... More


Conclusion

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451508
eISBN:
9780801467936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451508.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This concluding chapter describes Eisenhower's leadership in relation to the Sputnik issue. Eisenhower practiced a disciplined leadership style stressing tenets that seemed archaic and dull. He ... More


Southerners and the Vietnam Commitment, 1953–1964

Joseph A. Fry

in The American South and the Vietnam War: Belligerence, Protest, and Agony in Dixie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813161044
eISBN:
9780813165486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813161044.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines southern political leaders, newspapers, and the public during the decade leading to the US commitment to oppose communism in South Vietnam. Over this ten-year period, a clear ... More


To Starve an Army: How Great Power Armies Respond to Austerity

John W. Hall

in Sustainable Security: Rethinking American National Security Strategy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190611477
eISBN:
9780190611514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611477.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers where, and how deeply, the United States should cut defense spending. It uses two historical case studies: the responses of the armies of several great powers to the austerity ... More


The Collapse of the USSR

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

in Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter presents an overview of the CIA's analysis of the USSR prior to 1991. It begins by documenting the scope of the intelligence failure concerning the USSR's demise, especially contrasting ... More


The Defense Budget

Matthew Kroenig

in The Logic of American Nuclear Strategy: Why Strategic Superiority Matters

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190849184
eISBN:
9780190870591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849184.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the cost of the US nuclear arsenal. Many analysts have argued that a robust nuclear arsenal is unaffordable, but this chapter shows that this view is incorrect. It reviews the ... More


Technopolis: The Machine Threatens the Garden

Andrew M. Busch

in City in a Garden: Environmental Transformations and Racial Justice in Twentieth-Century Austin, Texas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469632643
eISBN:
9781469632667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632643.003.0009
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter looks at Austin’s economic and demographic growth from the 1970s to the 1990s. The University of Texas, and especially Dean of the Graduate School of Business George Kozmetsky, were ... More


The Military Nexus, I

John Kenneth Galbraith

in The Culture of Contentment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171654
eISBN:
9781400889020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171654.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the role of the military in the community of contentment. During the past half century, Communism was considered the most obtrusive threat to contentment. The perception that ... More


Introduction

in Looking for Balance: China, the United States, and Power Balancing in East Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804778206
eISBN:
9780804778473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778206.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter discusses the issue of the balance of power in East Asia. It explains that while China has reemerged as a major power, its neighbors have not ramped up their defense ... More


Dollar Diminution and New Macroeconomic Constraints on American Power

Jonathan Kirshner

in Sustainable Security: Rethinking American National Security Strategy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190611477
eISBN:
9780190611514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611477.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter briefly explains how the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 and its aftermath revealed underappreciated vulnerabilities in the US economy. These led to disenchantment with the American ... More


The People’s Two Bodies

Sheldon S. Wolin

Nicholas Xenos (ed.)

in Fugitive Democracy: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691133645
eISBN:
9781400883424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133645.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the span of a few short years, as Americans have watched the visible deterioration of their nation's power at home and abroad, they have experienced something unknown to American history since the ... More


Melting Fields of Snow

David Pedersen

in American Value: Migrants, Money, and Meaning in El Salvador and the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226653396
eISBN:
9780226922775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922775.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins with the accounts of two authors, Francisco Gavidia and Manlio Argueta, who provided two dominant perspectives of El Salvador at the end of the 1970s. In particular, it explores ... More


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