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South Africa: One Party Dominance Despite Perfect Proportionality

Amanda Gouws and Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democratic elections in South Africa have been held using a closed-list PR system since 1994. Despite significant debate on whether the system should be reformed, the 1994 system has been retained. ... More


The Dynamics of Movement Membership: Joining and Leaving New Religious Movements

Stuart A. Wright

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines two dimensions of conversion/affiliation: the cultural and social structural factors affecting NRM growth; and conversion processes and models. The second section explores the ... More


A Crisis of Institutionalization: The Collapse of the UCD in Spain

Richard Gunther and Jonathan Hopkin

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political parties are such a fundamental part of democratic political life that they take on an appearance of stability and solidity that is rarely questioned—hence, when a political party collapses, ... More


Strategic Defection Across Elections, Parties, and Voters *

André Blais and Thomas Gschwend

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the propensity to strategically defect from one's preferred party. The study uses CSES module 2 and covers twenty-five democratic lower house elections. This chapter finds that ... More


Do Confident People Behave Differently?: The Role of Defensive Confidence in Partisan Defection, Attention to Politics, and Political Participation

Julia Albarracín, Wei Wang, and Dolores Albarracín

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reports analyses drawn from the 2006 American National Election Studies Pilot Study. It focuses on the extent to which defensive confidence influences partisan defection and affects ... More


Counting Jacob's Twelve Sons

Mary Douglas

in Jacob's Tears: The Priestly Work of Reconciliation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265237
eISBN:
9780191602054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265232.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Develops the author's argument that the motivation of the priestly editors of the Pentateuch, and in particular of Numbers and Leviticus, was strictly professional and priestly. The author asks why, ... More


Escaping the Front: Desertion, Dissembling, and Defection

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655748
eISBN:
9780199949953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines serious breaches of discipline in both Nationalist and Republican armies. These threatened their systems of recruitment and their capacity to retain conscripted men within the ... More


Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Paul Maddrell

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The years 1945-61 saw the greatest transformation in weaponry that has ever taken place, as atomic and thermonuclear bombs, intercontinental ballistic missiles and chemical and biological weapons ... More


Refugees and Defectors

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins by discussing the breakup of Germany into several parts, the expulsion of the Germans from Eastern Europe, and the establishment of Communist systems, resulting in a huge mass ... More


The Inducement of Defection

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins by discussing that until the mid-1950s, the principal targets of induced defection were the scientists, engineers, and technicians deported to the Soviet Union in the years 1945-8 ... More


Conclusion: The Years of the Germans

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the increased suspicion of British and Americans and the effect on the character of their containment policy by the threat posed by Stalin's arms build-up. It adds that the ... More


Expulsions and the Law on Defections 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0038
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter criticises Speaker of the Lok Sabha Shivraj Patil's thoughts about the expulsion of Janata Dal's twenty-five members in Lok Sabha from December 1990 to July 1992. Patil argued that the ... More


Turncoats and Renegadoes: Changing Sides during the English Civil Wars

Andrew Hopper

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199575855
eISBN:
9780191744617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575855.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Military History

This book examines the practice of changing sides during the English civil wars. It examines the extent and significance of side-cshanging in England and Wales, but also includes comparative material ... More


Crossing the Line: Republikflucht between Defection and Migration

Patrick Major

in Behind the Berlin Wall: East Germany and the Frontiers of Power

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199243280
eISBN:
9780191714061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243280.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Examines the motives for Republikflucht or ‘flight from the Republic’, the GDR's term for defection to the West. After a brief discussion of the merits of political and economic explanations for the ... More


The Speaker 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0034
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on criticism on the impartiality of G. M. C. Balayogi, who was elected to as speaker of the Twelfth Lok Sabha in March 1998. It argues that Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee's ... More


Resignation of Disqualified Ministers 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0040
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the conflict between Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar and Lok Sabha Speaker Rabi Ray because of the latter's decision to disqualify eight Janata Dal members of Lok Sabha under ... More


Thucydides, Alliance Politics, and Great Power Conflict

Charles S. Maier

in The Next Great War?: The Roots of World War I and the Risk of U.S.-China Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028998
eISBN:
9780262326773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028998.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Entangling alliances were crucial to the outbreak of war in 1914 Germany and England had few military rivalries after Britain won the Dreadnought race and should have been able to avoid facing each ... More


“Fillmore … Is Precisely the Man for the Occasion”

Michael F. Holt

in The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161045
eISBN:
9780199849635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161045.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Developing tremendous momentum during the winter of 1850–1, the Union party movement challenged Millard Fillmore's hope of saving the Whig party as much as did the defiance he encountered from ... More


Nonviolent Power and Revolutionary Change

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

in Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the Late 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778201
eISBN:
9780199897216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778201.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter lays out the analytic framework for the study by introducing readers to theories of revolutions and strategic nonviolence. It reviews recent research on this topic, focusing on the ... More


The Philippines’ “Bloodless Revolution”

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

in Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the Late 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778201
eISBN:
9780199897216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778201.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Ferdinand Marcos ruled the Philippines for two decades, using his position to amass a personal fortune. When Benigno Aquino—Marcos’s key political rival—was assassinated in 1983, cross-class ... More


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