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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Pseudodifferential Operator Trace Formulae

Simon Scott

in Traces and Determinants of Pseudodifferential Operators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198568360
eISBN:
9780191594748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568360.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

In this chapter details of the construction of the fundamental trace functionals on pseudodifferential operators are given. The approach to traces taken here is through an analysis of the singularity ... More


Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Nasr Ghoniem and Daniel Walgraef

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In materials, critical phenomena such as phase transitions, plastic deformation and fracture are intimately related to self-organization. Understanding the origin of spatio-temporal order in systems ... More


VARIATIONAL SOLUTIONS

Eduard Feireisl

in Dynamics of Viscous Compressible Fluids

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528388
eISBN:
9780191713590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528388.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The concept of a variational solution to the full Navier-Stokes-Fourier system is introduced in this chapter. Each equation of the complete system, that means, the equation of continuity, the ... More


FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS

Eduard Feireisl

in Dynamics of Viscous Compressible Fluids

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528388
eISBN:
9780191713590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528388.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Given the rather poor a priori estimates available, the methods of weak convergence play a decisive role in the mathematical theory to be developed in this book. Both ‘classical’ problems of this ... More


Pathology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Much can be learned about the visual system by studying clinical defects and abnormalities. This chapter reviews defects of depth perception that result from brain damage or genetic defects such as ... More


Oral movement control and speech

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the co-occurrence of speech and nonspeech oral-movement defects, and the relation between oral-movement control and manual-movement control. The repetition of single syllables ... More


Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Anne-Lise Christensen

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In this context the first chapter concentrates on Luria's theories and his work in science, stressing individuality and variability. In his diagnostic methods two issues are emphasized: (1) the ... More


Point defects

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Point defects are atomic or molecular sites that differ from the normal sites in the lattice. In ice these are not only the usual vacancies, interstitials, or impurity atoms but also the protonic ... More


The Prisoner's Dilemma

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter focuses on the best-known game in game theory, the prisoner's dilemma. It begins with the development of the game at the RAND Corporation. Classical economics is based on the idea that ... More


You Can't Trust a Philosopher

Richard Fumerton

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses disagreements in philosophy. It acknowledges that learning of peer disagreement provides a reason against a philosophical belief one holds, but argues that one can discount ... More


Multiscale Materials

Sidney Yip

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Modeling and simulation across different length and time scales enables atomic-level understanding of materials properties and behavior which manifest at the meso- and macro-scales. Case studies of ... More


Behavioral and neural alterations following V1 damage in immature primates

Hillary R. Rodman

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the behavioral deficits observed following lesions of the primary visual cortex in both mature and infant macaque monkeys. Overall, the consequences of such lesions are far ... More


Lysosomal defects and storage

Frances M. Platt and Steven U. Walkley

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a discussion of traditional classification of lysosomal storage diseases. It then discusses the classification of lysosomal diseases based on molecular defect. These include ... More


Pathology of demyelinated and dysmyelinated axons

JACK ROSENBLUTH

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Glial cells exert a reciprocal influence on axons, affecting both structure and function in ways that have important physiological consequences. The functional abnormalities associated with myelin ... More


Deficient glycoprotein glycosylation in humans and mice

Harry Schachter

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses recent knowledge on gene knockout mice with deficient glycosyltransferases. It covers a large number of gene inactivation of glycosyltransferases, and should be valuable for ... More


Electrical properties—theory

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice has a large dielectric permittivity arising from the reorientation of molecular dipoles in an electric field. This reorientation occurs by the motion of protonic point defects — H3O+ and OH- ions ... More


Microstructural data from powder patterns

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes how diffraction peaks can be broadened, and sometimes their intensities altered, by microstructural effects. Much of the theory was developed for X-rays, but is also applicable ... More


Thermotropic disorder in n-paraffin crystals

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces thermally induced disorder in chain packing. A generalization of chain melting points is presented. Temperature-dependent polymorphic progressions are discussed for odd- or ... More


STRUCTURE OF CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS AND THE “DEFECT STATE”

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

What governs the state of order of a solid depends primarily on the type of atomic bonding and on the processing path. The interest in this book is almost entirely in solids in the crystalline state ... More


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