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Reasons as Defaults

John F. Horty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Although the study of reasons plays an important role in both epistemology and moral philosophy, little attention has been devoted to the question of how, exactly, reason interact to support the ... More


Conclusions

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Seeks to reduce the distance between Common‐Sense Morality and Consequentialism. Acts, dispositions, motives are also discussed.


Two Conceptions of A Priori Justification

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two conceptions of a priori justification: (AP1) S’s belief that p is justified a priori if and only if S’s belief that p is nonexperientially justified; and (AP2) S’s belief ... More


From defaults to reasons

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The goal of this chapter is to show how default logic can be adapted to serve as a foundation for a concrete theory of reasons. The previous chapter talked loosely of a correspondence between default ... More


Problems with priorities

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter addresses some of the problems confronting the simple account of defeat presented earlier, by exploring two further accounts of default reasoning with fixed priorities. The first fits ... More


Personhood in the Later Dialogues

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199288670
eISBN:
9780191717789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter shows that in Timaeus, Philebus, and Laws, all the essentials of the account hitherto developed are maintained. The first dialogue offers a cosmology in which persons are clearly ... More


The Nanjing Massacre in History and Historiography

Joshua Fogel (ed.)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220065
eISBN:
9780520923515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220065.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Rape of Nanjing was one of the worst atrocities committed during World War II. On December 13, 1937, the Japanese army captured the city of Nanjing, then the capital of wartime China. According ... More


A Left Front Election

MUKULIKA BANERJEE

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the electoral ethnography of a campaign in the state of West Bengal. It presents a thick ethnographic description of the campaigning process and traces the numerous techniques ... More


You Can't Trust a Philosopher

Richard Fumerton

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses disagreements in philosophy. It acknowledges that learning of peer disagreement provides a reason against a philosophical belief one holds, but argues that one can discount ... More


The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Chrisoula Andreou and Mark D. White (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When we fail to achieve our goals, procrastination is often the culprit. But how exactly is procrastination to be understood? It has been described as imprudent, irrational, inconsistent, and even ... More


Kingdoms of This World: Millennial Literature as Reflective Dissonance

Thomas O Beebee

in Millennial Literatures of the Americas, 1492-2002

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339383
eISBN:
9780199867097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339383.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

Literature has not neglected the fact that millennial expectations have hitherto always been defeated. Leon Festinger developed his theory of cognitive dissonance in part to explain the persistence ... More


A primer on default logic

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The goal of this first chapter is to motivate and develop a very simple prioritized default logic. The chapter begins by introducing default rules as well as prioritized default theories. It then ... More


Variable priorities and exclusion

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter considers two ways in which the simple default logic defined earlier can be elaborated, leading to a more robust theory of reasons. First, the priorities among default rules have so far ... More


Introduction: Building a Better German

Erik N. Jensen

in Body by Weimar: Athletes, Gender, and German Modernity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395648
eISBN:
9780199866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395648.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

After Germany's stunning military defeat in 1918, the physical fitness of its citizens became a national priority, and no one did more to heighten the level of self‐scrutiny and to establish ideals ... More


Conditioned Defeat

Kim L. Huhman and Aaron M. Jasnow

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews some of the literature pertaining to stress/fear and defense to illustrate how both perspectives are useful in understanding the neurobiological correlates of social defeat or ... More


Winners and Losers

D. S. Levene

in Livy on the Hannibalic War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780198152958
eISBN:
9780191594168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152958.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines Livy's battle scenes, arguing that the reader is invited to focus upon the causal sequence of events within battles, and to see the inadequacy of material explanations for their ... More


The Two Deepest Mysteries in Moral Philosophy

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how the main principle points the way to a solution to the two deepest mysteries in moral philosophy, one metaphysical and one epistemological. The metaphysical mystery is to ... More


Conclusion: Contours of the Berlin Republic

Konrad H. Jarausch

in After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195127799
eISBN:
9780199869503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127799.003.14
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It addresses the following questions: Why did a more crushing defeat in World War II and the attending collapse of the Nazi dictatorship lead most ... More


Conclusion

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses some important concepts that were tackled in the previous chapters. The first is a summit — specifically the Geneva Summit — which was what Churchill had longed for. It then ... More


Bukharin and Beyond

A. Kemp-Welch

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Bukharin, and his intellectual ability and equipment, when applied to the greatest political challenge he himself faced: the advent of Stalinism, which removed him, without much ... More


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