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Introduction

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a taxonomy of widely endorsed conditions on a priori justification. The conditions fall into two broad categories: epistemic, which includes defeasibility, strength, and source ... More


The Leading Proposals

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a taxonomy of widely endorsed conditions on a priori justification. The conditions fall into two broad categories: epistemic, which includes defeasibility, strength, and source ... More


Misleading Defeaters

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter proposes a game in a similar vein to the Gettier game: when a subject has a true belief but seems not to have knowledge, it looks for some key aspect of the situation about which the ... More


The Two Deepest Mysteries in Moral Philosophy

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how the main principle points the way to a solution to the two deepest mysteries in moral philosophy, one metaphysical and one epistemological. The metaphysical mystery is to ... More


Particularism and Antitheory

Mark Lance and Margaret Little

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets out to distinguish the sorts of claims have been advanced under the rubric of “moral particularism,” and to sort through the insights and costs of each. In particular, it ... More


Practical truth in Aristotle

Anthony Kenny

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues that Aristotle never succeeded in setting out rules for valid practical reasoning, though the De Motu Animalium makes clear that he fondly hoped that they would turn out to have a ... More


Hearsay

H L Ho

in A Philosophy of Evidence Law: Justice in the Search for Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228300
eISBN:
9780191711336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228300.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

External evaluation of the hearsay rule focuses on causal links between various empirical assumptions and the capacity of the trial to produce correct outcomes. On an internal analysis, the rule is ... More


Legal Powers and Validity

Neil MacCormick

in Institutions of Law: An Essay in Legal Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198267911
eISBN:
9780191714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267911.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents an account of power and immunity. It discusses law as enabling and the concept of defeasibility. It then considers immunity, defined as the most accepted term for the ... More


Defeasibility and Constructive Falsifiability

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter aims to show how to reconcile defeasibility with hypothetico-deductivism. It describes how the logic of proof-based assertion in mathematics coincides with the logic of refutation-based ... More


Assertion, Knowledge, and Lotteries

Jonathan Kvanvig

in Williamson on Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199287512
eISBN:
9780191713620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287512.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

One of the central claims of Williamson's ground-breaking epistemology is the claim that knowledge is the norm of assertion. This chapter contends that this viewpoint is mistaken. It first explains ... More


Defeating the Dogma of Defeasibility

Ram Neta

in Williamson on Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199287512
eISBN:
9780191713620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287512.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Timothy Williamson has urged us to regard the Gettier problem as insoluble and so to forego the search for the elusive ‘fourth condition’ on knowledge. He has also defended the popular thesis that ... More


Conditions and Analyses of Knowing

Robert K. Shope

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Conditions and Analyses of Knowledge”, Robert Shope focuses on the conditions that must be satisfied for a person to have knowledge, specifically knowledge that something is so. Traditionally, ... More


The Sources of Knowledge

Robert Audi

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “The Sources of Knowledge,” Robert Audi distinguishes what he calls the “four standard basic sources” by which we acquire knowledge or justified belief: perception, memory, consciousness, and ... More


Being right by accident. All analyses insufficient. Blackburn: the Mirv/Pirv principle

Edward Craig

in Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238799
eISBN:
9780191597237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238797.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The practical explication is employed to explain why accidental fulfilment of the conditions for knowledge leads us to withhold the ascription of it, and what is meant by accidental in this context. ... More


Reasons for Action and Defeasibility *

María Cristina Redondo

in The Logic of Legal Requirements: Essays on Defeasibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661640
eISBN:
9780191745461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661640.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter analyzes the question of whether reasons for action are, or can be considered, defeasible. It distinguishes between two different kinds of defeasibility — epistemic and ontological — and ... More


Explanation, Absences and Counterfactuals

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Getting Causes from Powers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Various epistemological concerns are addressed in this chapter. Powers can be used for explanation and prediction, using the vector model outlined in Chapter 2. The dispositional view explains, ... More


The Enlarged View of Rights in Contemporary Constitutions and Human Rights Conventions—The Notion of Defeasible Rights

George C. Christie

in Philosopher Kings?: The Adjudication of Conflicting Human Rights and Social Values

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341157
eISBN:
9780199894314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341157.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The European Court of Human Rights has been forced to consider the protection given to freedom of expression in a variety of circumstances which can roughly be divided into two broad categories. The ... More


Norms of Assertion

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in Assertion: New Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199573004
eISBN:
9780191595127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573004.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recent times have seen an explosion of interest in the question of what conditions need to be satisfied by an assertion for it to pass scrutiny from a purely cognitive or intellectual point of view. ... More


Allowing for Exceptions: A Theory of Defences and Defeasibility in Law

Luís Duarte d'Almeida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199685783
eISBN:
9780191765766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685783.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

You find yourself in a court of law, accused of having hit someone. What can you say to avoid conviction? One thing you can do is simply to deny the accusation: ‘No’, you claim, ‘I didn’t do it.’ But ... More


The Logic of Legal Requirements: Essays on Defeasibility

Jordi Ferrer Beltrán and Giovanni Battista Ratti (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661640
eISBN:
9780191745461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661640.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

When a legal rule requires us to drive on the right, notarize our wills, or refrain from selling bootleg liquor, how are we to describe and understand that requirement? In particular, how does the ... More


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