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The Default Mode Network

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the default mode network (DMN) and its role in delusion. It considers the nature of default processing, its neural substrate, cognitive properties, and role in the cognitive ... More


Lateral Differences in the Default Mode Network in Schizophrenia

Nathan Swanson, Tom Eichele, Godfrey Pearlson, and Vince D. Calhoun

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0449
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter investigates the lateral differences between default mode network (DMN) regions in the left and right hemispheres of the brain, and reports novel empirical data, specifically looking at ... More


The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Philip Gerrans

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a novel explanation of delusion. Over the last two decades, philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated explanations of delusion that interweave philosophical questions ... More


Dreaming, Default Thinking, and Delusion

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the nature of default processing, with particular emphasis on its outputs in different modes: dreaming, mental time travel, and delusion. It explains how the similarity between ... More


The Science of Meditation

Are Holen

in Asian Traditions of Meditation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780824855680
eISBN:
9780824873028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855680.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The first big wave of scientific research on meditation came in the 1970s and mainly focused on the physiology of relaxation. The second wave, which is still ongoing, has a stronger focus on modes of ... More


Spatial Structure of Intrinsic Activity

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

From Chapter 4 onwards, the book switches from the brain’s extrinsic activity, e.g., stimulus-induced activity, as discussed in the first part on sparse coding, to the brain’s intrinsic activity, the ... More


A Scientific Case for Conceptual Dualism*: The Problem of Consciousness and the Opposing Domains Hypothesis

Anthony I. Jack

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718765
eISBN:
9780191803123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

For centuries philosophers have suggested that it may not be possible to explain human conscious experience purely in terms of physical processes. This chapter reviews evidence from cognitive ... More


Your Body and Brain on Meditation

Paul Verhaeghen

in Presence: How Mindfulness and Meditation Shape Your Brain, Mind, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199395606
eISBN:
9780190674229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199395606.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first describes the effects of mindfulness on body, such as quieting of the body through slowing down and synchronization of heart rate and breathing rate. It next describes relevant ... More


Public Mental Health and the Brain Across the Life Span

Michelle C. Carlson, Kyle Moored, George W. Rebok, and William W. Eaton

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the reader to brain structures that are hypothesized to be associated with mental and behavioral disorders. The focus is on the prefrontal-limbic and ... More


The Second Factor: Default or Doxastic Incorporation

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the doxastic theory of delusion that proposes an additional cognitive process, or second factor, involved in generating delusion and treats delusion as a belief about the causes ... More


Ethical dilemmas in neurodegenerative disease: Respecting patients at the twilight of agency

Agnieszka Jaworska

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on dilemmas faced by caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients in cases in which current preferences of such patients come into conflict with the attitudes and values the person held ... More


The Parietal Lobes

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter discusses the parietal lobes, whose primary function is to gather and integrate sensory information to aid the motor cortex in appropriate movements. Damage to the parietal regions in ... More


The Distinctive Creativity of Leonardo and Michelangelo: A Perspective from Neuroarthistory

John Onians

in Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190462321
eISBN:
9780190462345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462321.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The artistic creativity of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo can be studied from a neuroscientific perspective. We can appreciate their innovativeness if we recognize that creativity is rare, for ... More


Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal

Suzanne Nalbantian and Paul M. Matthews (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190462321
eISBN:
9780190462345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462321.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book draws from leading neuroscientists and scholars in the humanities and the arts to probe creativity in its many manifestations, including the everyday mind, the exceptional mind, the ... More


Neuroimaging Studies

Fergus I. M. Craik

in Remembering: An Activity of Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192895226
eISBN:
9780191915970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895226.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This short chapter first describes studies using PET scanning and fMRI imaging carried out by the author in collaboration with colleagues over the past 25 years. The main purpose of the chapter is to ... More


Emotions in the Art Museum: Why Don’t We Feel Like Crying?

Ellen Winner

in How Art Works: A Psychological Exploration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190863357
eISBN:
9780190936525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863357.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of emotional responses to visual art. There is far less philosophizing about emotional responses to visual art than to music, and there are fewer studies from ... More


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