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The Deep, the Cold, the Dark: Life at the End of the Line

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses deep-sea life, the largest life habitat on Earth. It focuses on the diversity of organisms living in the mesopelagic and bathypelagic depth zones of the ocean—that is, the ... More


Deep Sea

MARGARET A. NEIGHBORS and RAYMOND R. WILSON

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Below the euphotic epipelagic zone is the realm of deep-sea fishes. The depth zones of this major portion of the earth's oceans have been characterized by the physical features and types of organisms ... More


Abyssal Memories: A Thousand Holes in the Bottom of the Sea

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses geologic mapping and deep-sea drilling expeditions. It explains trends in climate and evolution based on samples from deep-sea drilling. Drilling sediments and shallow basement ... More


Light and the Optical Environment

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explains how humans, and nearly all animals on Earth, witness astonishing variation in their optical environment. Brightness changes by many orders of magnitude each day, and colors also ... More


Patterns in Deep-Sea Macroecology

Craig R. Mcclain, Michael A. Rex, and Ron J. Etter

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents the basic macroecological features of the deep-sea fauna, including geographic variation in standing stock, species diversity, species ranges, and body size. It also explores ... More


Parasitism and hostile environments

Richard C. Tinsley

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

There is good physiological documentation of the survival of parasites (generally the ‘off-host’ stages) in environments that would be considered hostile to life and characterized by freezing, ... More


Extending the approaches of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning to the deep ocean

Roberto Danovaro

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The size of the deep sea and the sub-seabed biosphere makes deep-sea ecosystems an enormous reservoir of biomass on Earth. As depth increases, the larger benthic components (that is, megafauna) as ... More


Introduction: Evolution of knowledge, exploration, and exploitation of the deep ocean

Maria Baker, Eva Ramirez-Llodra, and Paul Alan Tyler

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

There has never been a time like the present when there is so much media, scientific, and economic interest in the deep waters of the world ocean and the animals that live there. It is increasingly ... More


Conquering the Ocean Depths Over Three Geological Eras

Torben Riehl, Simone Nunes Brandão, and Angelika Brandt

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The deep sea is the largest habitat on Earth, but it is the least accessible and comprehensible. This apparently harsh environment is inhabited by Crustacea of diverse evolutionary lineages that ... More


Exploitation of deep-sea fishery resources

Les Watling, Lissette Victorero, Jeffrey Drazen, and Matthew Gianni

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Deep-sea fisheries occur at depths between 200 and 1800 m, using bottom trawls, long lines, and occasionally pots and gillnets. These fisheries were of minor interest and value until the mid-1980s ... More


Space, the final resource

S. Kim Juniper, Kate Thornborough, Paul Tyler, and Ylenia Randrianarisoa

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The greater than 109 km3 volume of the deep-sea water column and greater than 300 × 106 km2 area of the deep-sea floor represent a major natural capital asset. Global society has been utilising space ... More


Ecology and Evolution of Larval Dispersal in the Deep Sea

Craig M. Young, Shawn M. Arellano, Jean-François Hamel, and Annie Mercier (eds)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The importance of larval dispersal in the deep ocean is generally acknowledged in studies of genetic connectivity, conservation, and population ecology, but our understanding of the underlying ... More


A primer on the economics of natural capital and its relevance to deep-sea exploitation and conservation

Porter Hoagland, Di Jin, and Stace Beaulieu

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Marine science is now moving quickly to reveal the biophysical, geochemical, and ecological properties of the deep sea. As this understanding grows, deep-sea resources will begin to be exploited more ... More


Deep-sea mining: processes and impacts

Daniel O. B. Jones, Diva J. Amon, and Abbie S. A. Chapman

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Mining the extensive accumulations of minerals on the seafloor of the deep ocean might provide important resources, but it also has the potential to lead to widespread environmental impacts. Some of ... More


Climate change cumulative impacts on deep-sea ecosystems

Nadine Le Bris and Lisa A. Levin

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Climate models report that the environmental changes resulting from excess CO2 and heat absorption by the ocean already reach many deep-ocean margins, basins, and seas. Decadal monitoring programmes ... More


Intertidal to Abyss: Crustaceans and Depth

Anna McCallum and Torben Riehl

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Crustaceans occur from the shelf to hadal depths, but the immense environmental change that occurs along this depth gradient results in significant faunal change. One well-established pattern is the ... More


Observed Patterns of Global Biodiversity

Boris Worm and Derek P. Tittensor

in A Theory of Global Biodiversity (MPB-60)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154831
eISBN:
9781400890231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154831.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes and synthesizes known biodiversity patterns, and analyzes them for congruency over space and time. The discussion is limited to macroecological patterns at continental to ... More


Cameron’s Documentaries

James Clarke

in The Cinema of James Cameron: Bodies in Heroic Motion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169776
eISBN:
9780231850629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169776.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter considers James Cameron's two sea documentaries — Ghosts of the Abyss (2003) and Aliens of the Deep (2005) — which provide ‘real world’ repercussions to his fantasy dramas. In the ... More


Conquering Old Ocean

Jason W. Smith

in To Master the Boundless Sea: The U.S. Navy, the Marine Environment, and the Cartography of Empire

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640440
eISBN:
9781469640464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640440.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter examines U.S. Navy’s hydrographic efforts after the American Civil War, in the period from 1865-1890, an era in which earlier commercial imperatives began to significantly breakdown with ... More


Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Judith S. Weis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The world’s nearly 7,000 species of crabs are immediately recognizable by their claws, sideways movement, stalked eyes, and thick outer shells. These common crustaceans are found internationally, ... More


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