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Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book is a study of ancient logic based upon the John Locke lectures given in Oxford. Its six chapters discuss the following: firstly, certain ancient ideas about truth; secondly, the ... More


A Method of Modal Proof In Aristotle

Jacob Rosen and Marko Malink

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Prior Analytics 1. 15, Aristotle states the following rule of modal logic, which we may call the possibility rule: given the premiss that A is possible, and given a derivation of B from A, it can ... More


Nietzsche's Critiques

R. Kevin Hill

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book gives a new interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy and examines in detail his debt to Kant, in particular the Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, and Critique of ... More


Kant's Theory of Self-Consciousness

C. Thomas Powell

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244486
eISBN:
9780191680779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244486.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

From Rene Descartes to David Hume, philosophers in the 17th and 18th centuries developed a dialectic of radically conflicting claims about the nature of the self. In the Paralogisms of The Critique ... More


Hume's Reason

David Owen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252602
eISBN:
9780191598159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252602.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Reason plays a central role in Hume's account of human understanding but just what that role is is a matter of continuing controversy. Many of the most famous problems that Hume discusses, and many ... More


 What RoboMary Knows

Daniel Dennett

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter further develops a line of argument Daniel Dennett presented in his 1991 book, Consciousness Explained, where he argued that we should reject the intuition that Mary gains knowledge when ... More


THE SEMANTICS OF INTUITIONISTIC AND CLASSICAL PROOFS

David J. Pym and Eike Ritter

in Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526339
eISBN:
9780191712012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives an account of the semantics of intuitionistic natural deduction proof, based on models of the simply-typed lambda-calculus. A new form of games semantics is introduced that forms ... More


Categorical Induction

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on how we induce properties of the world. Some psychologists have been coming back to the view that induction is mediated by causal models — causal models that are often ... More


Personal Identity

Jacqueline Mariña

in Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199206377
eISBN:
9780191709753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206377.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter continues the analysis of Spinozism. It focuses on Schleiermacher's long discussion of personal identity, which is extremely significant for Schleiermacher's later understanding of ... More


LAMBDA-CALCULI FOR INTUITIONISTIC AND CLASSICAL PROOFS

David J. Pym and Eike Ritter

in Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526339
eISBN:
9780191712012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter provides an explanation of natural deduction proof systems and their corresponding lambda-calculi. Beginning with the necessary basics of natural deduction systems for intuitionistic ... More


The Central Argument of the Analytic (I): The Transcendental Deduction

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces the Transcendental Deduction as an attempt to refute the Humean view of experience by validating the categories of substance and cause. It reconstructs the first edition ... More


The Self and the Transcendental Deduction

C. Thomas Powell

in Kant's Theory of Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244486
eISBN:
9780191680779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244486.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the Transcendental Deduction, Immanuel Kant tries to answer the question of whether it is possible to experience a unitary self. Kant's more explicit discussion in the Paralogisms of the self and ... More


Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Georges Dicker

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book expounds, analyzes, and appraises the constructive part of Kant’s theory of knowledge, as presented in the Prefaces, Introduction, Transcendental Aesthetic, and especially the ... More


Introduction

Paul Crowther

in The Kantian Aesthetic: From Knowledge to the Avant-Garde

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579976
eISBN:
9780191722615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579976.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, History of Philosophy

Kant's major Anglo-American and German commentators often take an interminablist approach. This involves the expenditure of interpretative energy in searching out ways to make Kant read consistently ... More


The Transcendental Deduction: Objective Knowledge and the Unity of Self‐Consciousness

Paul Crowther

in The Kantian Aesthetic: From Knowledge to the Avant-Garde

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579976
eISBN:
9780191722615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579976.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses and revises a foundational feature of Kant's epistemology, namely the Transcendental Deduction. It shows how Kant's argument attempts to prove that the objective unification of ... More


The Pure Judgement of Taste as an Aesthetic Reflective Judgement

Malcolm Budd

in Aesthetic Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199556175
eISBN:
9780191721151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter engages with what is perhaps the most important issue in Kant's aesthetics. This concerns his attempt to effect a deduction of pure judgements of taste, i.e., judgements of so-called ... More


The Theory of Spirits

Phillip Wiebe

in God and Other Spirits: Intimations of Transcendence in Christian Experience

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195140125
eISBN:
9780199835492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140125.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter, central to this book, elaborates on the theory of spirits that has been advanced to explain numerous kinds of phenomena, a few of which were sampled in the first two chapters. The ... More


Categories and Principles of the Understanding

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces Kant’s theory of categories and corresponding principles. It explains and evaluates Kant’s attempt to derive his categories from forms of judgment. It also discusses in detail ... More


Kant on Metaphysics

R. Kevin Hill

in Nietzsche's Critiques

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a novel account of Kant's idea of the transcendental unity of appreciation and the role it performs in creating the illusion of mental substance. It differentiates ... More


The Idea of a Transcendental Deduction

Hubert Schwyzer

in The Unity of Understanding: A Study in Kantian Problems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248293
eISBN:
9780191681110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248293.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses whether the need for a Transcendental Deduction is due merely to the unfortunate fact that Kant's account of concept possession proceeds from two unrelated points, or is there ... More


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