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Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Jerry Fodor presents a strikingly original theory of the basic constituents of thought. He suggests that the heart of a cognitive science is its theory of concepts, and that cognitive scientists have ... More


Decomposing Muscle Activity in Motor TasksMethods and Interpretation

Lena H. Ting and Stacie A. Chvatal

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter examines methodologies for dimensional analysis and linear decomposition of multivariate data sets, and discusses their implicit hypotheses and interpretations for muscle coordination of ... More


INITIAL DATA

Miguel Alcubierre

in Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199205677
eISBN:
9780191709371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Only six out of ten Einstein field equations contain time derivatives and therefore represent the true evolution equations of the spacetime geometry. The remaining four equations are constraints that ... More


Community and Ecosystem Consequences of Grass Endophytes

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Despite their minute biomass relative to other species, endophytes have the potential to have profound effects on community structure and diversity and ecosystem functions. For agronomic grasses, ... More


On Multiscale Computational Mechanics with Time-Space Homogenization

P. Ladevèze, David Néron, and Jean-Charles Passieux

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The chapter deals with multiple scales in both space and time. First, the state-of-the-art is presented. Then, we discuss a family of computational approaches using time-space homogenization. ... More


Finite Elements Methods for the Cavity Problem

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter concerns the use of edge finite element methods to approximate the cavity problem with mixed boundary data. It provides two proofs of convergence of the discrete solution. First under ... More


HARMONIC FUNCTIONS AND RADON TRANSFORM ON ALGEBRAIC VARIETIES

Leon Ehrenpreis

in The Universality of the Radon Transform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509783
eISBN:
9780191709166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509783.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter looks at a variation of the “harmonic function” introduced by Chevalley. It deals with a noncompact version of the theory described in Chapter 3 (which deals with a compact version). One ... More


Artificial likelihoods and estimating functions

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the problem of root selection using artificial objective functions associated with an estimating function; the artificial likelihoods discussed in this chapter share many ... More


MANIFOLDS

Andrew Ranicki

in Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter functions as an introduction to differentiable manifolds and Morse theory. It also contains detail on the handle decomposition theorem for cobordisms.


Causal Verbs and Sentential Complements

Paul M. Pietroski

in Events and Semantic Architecture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Conjunctivism is preferable to Functionism, even for many cases of verbs combining with arguments. Conjunctivists can provide an attractive account of causative constructions, like ‘Pat boiled the ... More


Measuring Discrimination

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how economists define discrimination and how it can be measured in the labour market. The primary method is called the ‘decomposition method’, which focuses on the gap in ... More


Ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses to atmospheric change

Jeffrey Q. Chambers and Whendee L. Silver

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are several atmospheric changes that may affect physiological and biogeochemical processes in old-growth tropical forests. Elevated CO2 is likely to directly influence numerous leaf-level ... More


Lipids: Fatty Acids

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses fatty acids, the building blocks of lipids, which represent a significant fraction of the total lipid pool in aquatic organisms. It explores how chain length and levels of ... More


Ingold's Jewels

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the biology of a cross-section of aquatic fungi. In fast-flowing creeks, foams froth around half-submerged branches or at the bottom of waterfalls. Cakes of foam trap and ... More


Lexical Semantics

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses a potpourri of issues concerning the concepts associated with words. It addresses the issue of lexical decomposition, showing that although traditional decomposition into ... More


Adding the Ecosystem

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how nutrient recycling and decomposition affect the dynamics and stability of food webs. It first reviews some of the existing theory on detritus and food web dynamics before ... More


Theories of Lightness

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter outlines and critiques all the main theories of lightness, laying out the strengths and weaknesses of each. These include the past experience theories, contrast theories, brightness ... More


Computational Models

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The computer revolution produced two quite different streams of work on lightness perception. These streams are represented by decomposition models and brightness models, respectively. Perhaps the ... More


 External Liberalization in Asia, Post‐Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Taylor Lance

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter begins with a discussion of the main focus of this volume, namely, the experiences of fourteen countries with external liberalization, focusing on Asian transition economies. It ... More


 Opening Up the Hungarian Economy: Conditions and Consequences of Liberalizing Trade and Capital Flows in Hungary: Conditions and Consequences of Liberalizing Trade and Capital Flows in Hungary

Gábor Oblath

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter addresses issues related to trade (current account) liberalization in Hungary. An overview of the main issues related to external economic liberalization is presented, focusing on trade ... More


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