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The Troubled Relationship Between Bioethics and Human Rights

Richard Ashcroft

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines the relationship between bioethics and humans. The first part of the chapter briefly presents the debate over the value of the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and ... More


Care Theory and International Relations

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the question: What does it mean to care for others in international relations? Sara Ruddick, Fiona Robinson, and others have outlined international relations theories based upon ... More


Farewell to Christendom: The Future of Church and State in America

Thomas J. Curry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145694
eISBN:
9780199834129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145690.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Protestantism abandoned Christendom by way of the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights, and Catholicism did the same in the Declaration of Religious Liberty of the Second Vatican Council. Because ... More


Introduction

Alexander Tsesis

in For Liberty and Equality: The Life and Times of the Declaration of Independence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195379693
eISBN:
9780199949847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379693.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This introductory chapter sets out the focus of the book, namely the various ways politicians, associations, groups, and individuals have relied on the Declaration of Independence to justify changing ... More


Conclusion

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter retraces the history of moral development to show how it is possible for us to have discovered a meta-theoretical principle of moral improvement, the main principle. The main principle ... More


Epilogue: Emergence of a Jewish Majority in Jerusalem

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The beginning of the modern historical period in the Land of Israel was marked by the European powers’ new interest in the region and by the Jews’ own changed attitudes toward the Land. Jews began ... More


Methodism at the Crossroads

Gareth Lloyd

in Charles Wesley and the Struggle for Methodist Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199295746
eISBN:
9780191711701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295746.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The year 1784 represents a landmark in Methodist history as John Wesley established the Conference as his successor and ordained preachers for the United States. These events, which established de ... More


Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book demonstrates that Japan's postwar Constitution has provided a solid foundation for democracy because, contrary to the conventional view that the American Occupation simply “imposed” it, ... More


Human Rights

Iain McLean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Creation of the Council of Europe in the shadow of Nuremburg. History of gradual UK incorporation. European Court of Human Rights. Human Rights Act 1998. Human rights and unpopular minorities. Growth ... More


Radical Gettysburg

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter carefully analyzes the text of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address – beginning with the opening line, which evokes the Declaration of Independence rather than the Constitution – as the ... More


World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines the provisions of the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, which was developed as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other ... More


Introduction: “A New Order of Things”

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduces the book's main argument: that it is too simple, and ultimately misleading, to say that SCAP (that is, General MacArthur and officers of the American Occupation) “imposed” a Constitution ... More


“Negotiated Surrender”: American Planning and Occupation

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the U.S. government's wartime (1942–1945) planning of the occupation of Japan. American planners clashed over the role of Japan's emperor in a postwar democratic nation. Joseph Grew and ... More


“Only as a Last Resort”: The Americans Take Over

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Begins by noting that, early in the Occupation period, General Douglas MacArthur (SCAP) told Japanese leaders that their country could not fulfill the terms of the Potsdam Declaration without ... More


Federalism as a Cure for Democracy's Discontent?

Mark Tushnet

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Federalism holds out the possibility of mutually profitable economic and cultural exchanges that gradually erode differences over fundamental interests, and that, given enough time, people may come ... More


Return Migration and Identity: A Global Phenomenon, A Hong Kong Case

Nan M. Sussman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028832
eISBN:
9789882207370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028832.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The global trend for immigrants to return home has unique relevance for Hong Kong. This work of cross-cultural psychology explores many personal stories of return migration. The author captures in ... More


Conclusion: Simple Spectators?

William R. Ryan

in The World of Thomas Jeremiah: Charles Town on the Eve of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387285
eISBN:
9780199775774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387285.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The book draws to a close with the failed loyalist/Cherokee invasion of the backcountry in July 1776. Paradoxically, at the very same moment that the Cherokee were fighting against South Carolina ... More


The Human Rights Act, Dialogue and Constitutional Principles

Gavin Phillipson

in The United Kingdom's Statutory Bill of Rights: Constitutional and Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265376
eISBN:
9780191760426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265376.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter considers the relationship between the Human Rights Act (HRA) and existing key principles of the UK constitution. It proposes that rather than asking how far the HRA is transforming the ... More


“A Killinge Instrument We May Neither Forme, Nor Beare”: The Peace Testimony

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Quakers renounced war, killing, and the use of weapons – a set of principles of nonviolence that they termed the peace testimony. Upon the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, the English Quaker ... More


Conclusion

Webb Keane

in Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167732
eISBN:
9781400873593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167732.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This concluding chapter discusses the universal aspirations of contemporary human rights and humanitarian movements and the problems that they face. The human rights movement aims to realize the ... More


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