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Classification

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 6 described techniques for estimating joint probability distributions from multivariate data sets and for identifying the inherent clustering within the properties of sources. This approach ... More


Introduction to consumer credit and credit scoring

Lyn C. Thomas

in Consumer Credit Models: Pricing, Profit and Portfolios

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232130
eISBN:
9780191715914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232130.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Finance

This chapter outlines what is meant by a credit score, why it is an integral part of the decision process in lending to consumers, and how credit scoring systems are built. After describing the ... More


Naïve, Fast, and Frugal Trees for Classification

Laura F. Martignon, Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, and Jan K. Woike

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0106
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Naïve, fast, and frugal trees model simple classification strategies that ignore cue dependencies and process cues sequentially, one at a time. At every level of such a tree a classification is made ... More


Evaluation of Risks, Decision Making, and Outcomes

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Few people conduct a truly thorough and thoughtful evaluation of the evidence before they make a health-related decision. This chapter describes and evaluates strategies for making decisions based on ... More


Working with External Service Providers

Grahame R. Dowling

in The Art and Science of Marketing: Marketing for Marketing Managers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269617
eISBN:
9780191699429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269617.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter focuses primarily on advertising agencies and market research firms, the two principal outside suppliers of professional services to most marketing managers. The issues that govern the ... More


Is Faking Inevitable?: Person-Level Strategies for Reducing Faking 1

Brian Lukoff

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0070
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines methods that aim to reduce faking. These methods alter the delivery mechanism of the assessment by changing the way test questions are asked (verifiable biodata and situational ... More


Real Options and Expanded Net Present Value

Patrick L. Anderson

in The Economics of Business Valuation: Towards a Value Functional Approach

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804758307
eISBN:
9780804783224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758307.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter demonstrates the importance of management flexibility regarding the timing, scale, and type of investments, which is the basis for the study of “real options.” The chapter describes an ... More


Reporting Results

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.16
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The published report of the results of a meta-analysis, decision analysis, or cost-effectiveness analysis is usually the only information about the study that is readily available to readers. Most ... More


Constructing Trees

Arthur Benjamin, Gary Chartrand, and Ping Zhang

in The Fascinating World of Graph Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175638
eISBN:
9781400852000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175638.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter considers a class of graphs called trees and their construction. Trees are connected graphs containing no cycles. When dealing with trees, a vertex of degree 1 is called a leaf rather ... More


The Once-ler Problem: Introduction to Decision Trees

Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey

in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841296
eISBN:
9780191876820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841296.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

In the “Once-ler Problem,” the decision tree is introduced as a very useful technique that can be used to answer a variety of questions and assist in making decisions. This chapter builds on the ... More


The Impact of Raiding on Settlement Patterns in the Northern Valley of Oaxaca: An Approach Using Decision Trees

Robert G. Reynolds

in Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131673
eISBN:
9780197561492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131673.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

A growing body of data indicates that armed conflict played a role in the creation of complex societies such as chiefdoms and states (Wright 1984; Spencer 1998). For example, according to Wright ... More


The Economic Context

Tamar Lasky

in Epidemiologic Principles and Food Safety

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172638
eISBN:
9780199865727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172638.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Regulatory decisions regarding food safety require analyses of the economic costs of changes at any point along the farm-to-table continuum, and cost analysis of the number of cases of illness caused ... More


Conclusion

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

After a brief overview of the book, its main conclusions are stated. 1. Theism is not a meaningful theory. So we should become particular semantic atheists. 2. If we assume for the sake of argument ... More


The Path to Completion

David O. Brink

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Attempted wrongdoing is wrong and deserves censure and sanction, provided the agent was responsible for her attempt. One conception of attempts, incorporated in the criminal law, treats them as ... More


The Quest for Intelligent Machines

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter addresses the question of whether a computer can become intelligent and how to test for that possibility. It introduces the idea of the Turing test, a test developed to determine, in an ... More


Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

Therese Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841296
eISBN:
9780191876820
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841296.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Bayesian Statistics for Beginners is an entry-level book on Bayesian statistics. It is like no other math book you’ve read. It is written for readers who do not have advanced degrees in mathematics ... More


Dispute System Design: The United Nations Compensation Commission

Francis E. McGovern

in War Reparations and the UN Compensation Commission: Designing Compensation After Conflict

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199389735
eISBN:
9780199389759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199389735.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the design of the UNCC from a variety of perspectives: its historical setting, the alternative design approaches that have been taken in other compensation contexts, its design ... More


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