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Clinical Decision Support in Employee Assistance Programs: Personalizing the Therapeutic Approach

Eugene Baker

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the context of Employment Assistance Programs (EAP), personalizing treatment means distinguishing those who could benefit from psychotherapy versus medication, and using the review of ... More


Personalized Integrative Markers for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Michael R. Kohn, Simon D. Clarke, and Leanne M. Williams

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common disorder of childhood-adolescent brain health. Here, we take an integrative neuroscience approach to personalized medicine. The goal ... More


ENGINEERING MORALITY

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A framework is provided for understanding the trajectory toward increasingly sophisticated artificial moral agents, emphasizing two dimensions: autonomy and sensitivity to morally relevant facts. ... More


Economic Impacts of the Personalized Medicine Tsunami

Dan Segal and David E. Williams

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

We are in one of the most exciting periods in the evolution of health care. Never before have so many variables (that directly impact the basis of patient care) simultaneously been in transition. ... More


Computational Decision Support Regret-Based Models for Optimization and Preference Elicitation

Craig Boutilier

in Comparative Decision Making

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The goal of decision support is to develop methods that assist decision makers. In this chapter computational methods are brought to bear on a multi-dimensional choice problem with the two-part ... More


Information Technology and Financial Services

Robin Fincham, James Fleck, Rob Procter, Harry Scarbrough, Margaret Tierney, and Robin Williams

in Expertise and Innovation: Information Technology Strategies in the Financial Services Sector

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289043
eISBN:
9780191684678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289043.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

The historic links between financial services and information technology (IT) reveal very well the active role the sector has played as a source of innovation in commercial computing via the user-led ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


Evidence into action: population impact assessment and population health decision support

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces practical tools to provide support for population health decision-making, bringing together a number of themes from throughout the book. Population impact assessment, using ... More


Clinical Information Systems

Simon Finney

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses clinical information systems (CIS). When properly implemented, clinical information systems can improve patient safety and reduce medical error. Decision support is a powerful ... More


Comparative Decision Making

Thomas R. Zentall and Philip H. Crowley (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and instructive, but the ... More


Integrated pest management

David Wainhouse

in Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198505648
eISBN:
9780191728150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This final chapter draws together many of the themes previously discussed, with particular emphasis on detailed case studies. A brief introduction to the concept of integrated pest management (IPM) ... More


Teaching and Learning Decision-Making in Child Welfare and Protection Social Work

Brian J. Taylor

in Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter begins with reflections on the author’s own “journey into risk and decision-making” during 10 years of practice and 25 years teaching social workers on this topic. Challenges in teaching ... More


Prioritising public health investment

Linda Marks

in Governance, commissioning and public health

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447304944
eISBN:
9781447311775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304944.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Concern over the scale of preventable morbidity is compounded by its differential distribution across the population. Economic arguments for prevention have become more prominent and this chapter ... More


Health impact assessment in the island of Ireland

Owen Metcalfe, Claire Higgins, and Teresa Lavin

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the development of HIA on the island of Ireland over a 10 year period. While not a statutory requirement in either jurisdiction, HIA has received some support across national ... More


Failure Management

William B. Rouse

in Failure Management: Malfunctions of Technologies, Organizations, and Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198870999
eISBN:
9780191914119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870999.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Innovation

This chapter addresses the notion of failure management in depth, proposing an overall integrated approach to failure management via surveillance and control. Failure management tasks are defined, ... More


Failure Management: Malfunctions of Technologies, Organizations, and Society

William B. Rouse

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198870999
eISBN:
9780191914119
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870999.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Innovation

Failures are common phenomena in civilization. Things fail and society responds, often very slowly, sometimes inappropriately. What kinds of things go wrong? Why do they go wrong? How do people and ... More


The Active Learning Forum

Jonathan Katzman, Matt Regan, and Ari Bader-Natal

in Building the Intentional University: Minerva and the Future of Higher Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262037150
eISBN:
9780262343695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037150.003.0015
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

When we set out to design the Active Learning Forum we had three aspirational goals in mind. First, we wanted every student to feel as though he or she is sitting next to the professor. Students are ... More


Health impact assessment in Canada

Louise St-Pierre and Anika Mendell

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of health impact assessment (HIA) in Canada. The practice and institutionalization of HIA in Canada has been characterized by highs and lows. At both the ... More


Case study: Changing culture and delivery to achieve shared decision making at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, New Hampshire

Alice O. Andrews, Stephen A. Kearing, and Dale C. Vidal

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Early decision aid studies described in the Cochrane Collaboration, and implementation projects including the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC) Spine Center suggest that shared decision ... More


Demystifying decision aids: A practical guide for clinicians

Rachel Thompson and Lyndal Trevena

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Shared decision making (SDM) is widely recognized as a strategy for delivering person-centered medicine and upholding the autonomy of patients. Less widespread, however, is an appreciation of how to ... More


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