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Democracy as a Condorcet Truth‐Tracker

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is a long‐standing debate within political philosophy generally whether we want our political outcomes to be right or whether we want them to be fair; while democratic theory has traditionally ... More


Extrinsic Uncertainty and Summation Revisited

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers the uncertainty arising from sources extrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observer's ignorance on any given trial as to which of several alternative stimuli will ... More


The Community Method

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Community system is not based on separation of powers but on representation of interests. Each European institution is the bearer of a particular, national or supranational interest, which it ... More


The Evolutionary Dynamics of Decision Rule Selection

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter extends the survival-of-the-fittest evolutionary environment to consider the possibility that new political parties, when they first come into existence, do not pick decision rules at ... More


Obeying Adherence Rules

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The question addressed in this chapter is whether judges have reasons to obey adherence rules. Contrasts are drawn between conduct rules promulgated by rule makers, guidance rules followed by rule ... More


 Taking Charge

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces mechanism design, which is the subject wherein games are designed so that rational play results in socially desirable outcomes. The judgment of Solomon from the Bible is used ... More


New Decision Rules, New Rule Features

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates the implications of having a very large and diverse set of decision rules that any party leader might use. It defines two completely new vote-seeking rule “species.” It also ... More


Endogenous Parties, Interaction of Different Decision Rules

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter attempts to develop more realistic and interesting models in which the set of competing parties is a completely endogenous output of the process of party competition. It also seeks to ... More


Models for Far-Apart Values

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Summation experiments using patterns that are far apart along any dimension (e.g., two lines of very different orientations) can answer the question of whether there are multiple analyzers along that ... More


Adaptive Behavior

Kumaraswamy Velupillai

in Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Two counter‐intuitive points are made in this chapter. The first is the claim, demonstrated formally, that orthodox definitions of rationality, when viewed in a dynamic context, turn out to be ... More


Efficient Computations

Lars Peter Hansen and Thomas J. Sargent

in Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691042770
eISBN:
9781400848188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691042770.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes fast algorithms for computing the value function and optimal decision rule for the type of social planning problem to be described in Chapter 5. The chapter is organized as ... More


Cost-Efficiency

Alex Stein

in Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198257363
eISBN:
9780191711039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198257363.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents an economic analysis of evidence law. Cost-efficiency requires adjudicators to minimize the aggregate cost of accuracy-enhancing procedures and fact-finding errors. The chapter ... More


Dead Man’s Tale: Deriving Narrative Authority from the Terminated Milošević Trial

Timothy William Waters

in The Milošević Trial: An Autopsy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199795840
eISBN:
9780199345274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795840.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the meaning of the terminated Milošević trial in relation to the idea that courts produce consequential narratives. In particular, it looks at efforts to deploy and interpret ... More


Economists as Social Engineers: Ethical Evaluation of Market Liberalization in the South and Transition Economies

George F. DeMartino

in The Economist’s Oath: On the Need for and Content of Professional Economic Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199730568
eISBN:
9780199896776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730568.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

If economists have acted ethically even in the absence of a tradition of inquiry into professional economic ethics, then perhaps there is no pressing need to develop this tradition. This chapter ... More


Can We Salvage a History of the Former Yugoslav Conflicts from the Milošević Trial?

Christian Axboe Nielsen

in The Milošević Trial: An Autopsy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199795840
eISBN:
9780199345274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795840.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter begins with a brief introduction to research on the intersection of international criminal justice and history. It details the methodology used to dissect ICTY judgments and applies an ... More


Rulemaking in Global Governance Organizations

in World Rule: Accountability, Legitimacy, and the Design of Global Governance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226450988
eISBN:
9780226450964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter first establishes the key differences among rulemaking processes. Four dimensions of global rulemaking regimes are described and considered in the analysis—formality, decision calculus, ... More


Decision Rules and Conduct Rules: On Acoustic Separation in Criminal Law

Meir Dan-Cohen

in Criminal Law Conversations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199861279
eISBN:
9780190260071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199861279.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents an authoritative overview of decision rules and conduct rules in the United States, with particular emphasis on acoustic separation in criminal law. It includes comments by some ... More


Beyond the Theater of International Justice: The Rule 98bis Decision in Milošević

Jens Meierhenrich

in The Milošević Trial: An Autopsy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199795840
eISBN:
9780199345274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795840.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the meaning of the 2004 Decision on the Motion for Judgment of Acquittal in the Milošević trial. It argues that that the Decision was critical to re-legitimating the contentious ... More


Introduction

Hiroyuki Odagiri and Akira Goto

in Technology and Industrial Development in Japan: Building Capabilities by Learning, Innovation and Public Policy

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288022
eISBN:
9780191684555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288022.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This introductory chapter discusess the issue that will be addressed in the book. It enumerates the reasons that could explain how the economy, industry, and business developed in the past decade. ... More


Regional Institutions in an Era of Globalization and Crisis

Miles Kahler

in Integrating Regions: Asia in Comparative Context

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804783644
eISBN:
9780804789301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783644.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

An explanation and assessment of Asian regional institutions first requires a definition of the key dimensions of institutional design. Three are key: decision rules, commitment devices, and ... More


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