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Dynamic Decision Theory and Probabilistic Information Processing

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews ideas and work done or in progress which seem to indicate where basic research on human decision processes is going. These ideas have two closely related foci: dynamic decision ... More


Doing Public Management the Egalitarian Way

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the four chapters of Part II, public management ideas that loosely correspond to each of the four polar world views identified by cultural theory are discussed; here the cultural‐theory framework ... More


Profit scoring and dynamic models

Lyn C. Thomas

in Consumer Credit Models: Pricing, Profit and Portfolios

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232130
eISBN:
9780191715914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232130.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Finance

This chapter begins by reviewing the role of behavioural scoring and risk/reward matrices in the way a lender manages borrowers. It points out that current methods do not allow for the future changes ... More


Out‐Of‐Equilibrium Modelling

Mario Amendola and Jean‐Luc Gaffard

in Out of Equilibrium

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293804
eISBN:
9780191595851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293801.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The first chapter of the second part of the book is devoted to the modelling of the theoretical framework expounded in the first part. A Neo‐Austrian theory of production, a sequential analytical ... More


Conclusion

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Reflecting on the decision-making process after the Cuban missile crisis was over, President Kennedy famously observed that “the essence of ultimate decision remains impenetrable to the ... More


The Effect of Process on Results

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The Bush decision makers handling the issue of torture and other highly coercive interrogation made choices that divided the administration, weakened United States support for the administration's ... More


Institutional Provisions

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The institutional provisions of the GATT have been overtaken by the provision included in the Agreement Establishing the WTO. The Agreement Establishing the WTO largely replicated the GATT approach ... More


The tough questions: do not attempt resuscitation discussions

Madeline Bass

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561636
eISBN:
9780191730542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561636.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the development of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the success rates of CPR, who should make the final decision about CPR, the CPR decision-making process involved in ... More


How the ANES Used Online Commons Proposals and Pilot Study Reports to Develop Its 2008 Questionnaires

Jon A. Krosnick and Arthur Lupia

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the manner by which the ANES converted the insights of many people into strong and innovative questionnaires. This description is broken into two stages to reflect the nature ... More


Comparative Decision Making

Thomas R. Zentall and Philip H. Crowley (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and instructive, but the ... More


Computational Decision Support Regret-Based Models for Optimization and Preference Elicitation

Craig Boutilier

in Comparative Decision Making

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The goal of decision support is to develop methods that assist decision makers. In this chapter computational methods are brought to bear on a multi-dimensional choice problem with the two-part ... More


The Diffusion of Innovations in Social Networks

H. Peyton Young

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the effects of network topology on the diffusion of behaviors. A key empirical question is, what is the expected length of time for a network to “switch over” from the old ... More


Challenges Facing Greater Yellowstone

Susan G. Clark

in Ensuring Greater Yellowstone's Future: Choices for Leaders and Citizens

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124224
eISBN:
9780300145038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124224.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on the challenges facing greater Yellowstone. These challenges can be expressed in terms of a social process model by which leaders can understand these problems in context in ... More


Resuscitation and advance statements

Fiona Randall

in The Philosophy of Palliative Care: Critique and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198567363
eISBN:
9780191730535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567363.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a treatment aimed at lengthening and prolonging life. Its primary aim is to restore circulation and maintain ventilation. CPR is also designed to acquire ... More


The limits and challenges to the economic evaluation of health technologies

Adam Oliver and Corinna Sorenson

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews some of the concerns raised against the use of economic evaluation in the decision-making process, from a wide range of disciplinary and stakeholder perspectives. It offers some ... More


Wolves in Wyoming: The Quest for Common Ground

Rebecca Watters, Avery C. Anderson, and Susan G. Clark

in Large Carnivore Conservation: Integrating Science and Policy in the North American West

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107400
eISBN:
9780226107547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107547.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Nearly two decades after the wolf reintroduction to the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, communities in Wyoming continue to struggle with the social and biological repercussions of wolf management. ... More


Setting Limits Fairly: Can we learn to share medical resources?

Norman Daniels and James E. Sabin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149364
eISBN:
9780199865123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149364.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The central idea for this book is that we lack consensus on principles for allocating resources and, in the absence of such a consensus, we must rely on a fair decision-making process for setting ... More


The Development of Creativity as a Decision-Making Process

R. Keith Sawyer, Vera John-Steiner, Seana Moran, Robert J. Sternberg, David Henry Feldman, Jeanne Nakamura, and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

in Creativity and Development

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195149005
eISBN:
9780199848225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149005.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Creativity is viewed to be a decision-making process of bringing something novel into actuality. The next questions are about how this procedure takes ... More


Large Carnivores, People, and Governance

Susan G. Clark, Murray B. Rutherford, and David J. Mattson

in Large Carnivore Conservation: Integrating Science and Policy in the North American West

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107400
eISBN:
9780226107547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107547.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter provides an overview of the biophysical and socio-political dimensions of large carnivore conservation in North America. We describe common challenges and discuss myths, symbolism, ... More


The Decision-Making Process: How the System Actually Works

Charles D. Freilich

in Zion's Dilemmas: How Israel Makes National Security Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451041
eISBN:
9780801465741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451041.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines how Israel's national security decision-making system actually works in practice. It considers five pathologies caused by Israel's uniquely harsh external environment, ... More


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