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Persuasion in the Decision Making of U.S. Supreme Court Justices

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter proposes that persuasion is more effective in influencing votes in certain types of cases than others. A distinction is made between ideological (i.e., hot-button issue) cases and ... More


The noisy cortex: stochastic dynamics, decisions, and memory

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Noise is present in the firing times of cortical neurons, which are typically close to Poisson distributed, that is maximally random in time, for a given mean firing rate. The noise being referred to ... More


The Psychosocial Process Underlying Residential Care Placement Decisions

Leonor Bettencourt Rodrigues, Manuela Calheiros, and Cícero Pereira

in Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Ecological models on decision-making in child protection determine how many different factors influence that process, starting with case-specific characteristics, organizational factors, and external ... More


Interoception and decision making

Martin P. Paulus

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews three constructs that have important contributions to risky decision making. First, it considers interoception and its neural substrates, discusses the characteristics of ... More


Public health needs assessment for state-based genetic services delivery

Robert M. Fisher and Debra Lochner Doyle

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Needs assessments have rapidly become an important component of all public and private organization strategies, and they must precede policy development and assurance activities. This chapter reviews ... More


Models of Individual Decision Making in Agent-Based Simulation of Common-Pool-Resource Management Institutions

Peter J. Deadman and Edella Schlager

in Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based Modeling Techniques for Understanding Social and Ecological Processes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195143362
eISBN:
9780197561812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195143362.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Addressing the problems of natural resources management requires an understanding of the complex interactions between human and natural systems. Modeling and ... More


Access to genetic services in the United States: A challenge to genetics in public health

Jane S. Lin-Fu and Michele Lloyd-puryear

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dramatic advances in genetics in recent decades have opened many opportunities for understanding and promoting health, lowering mortality and morbidity, and preventing diseases. These advances, ... More


Global Vaccine Access as a Critical Intervention to Fight Infectious Disease, Antibiotic Resistance, and Poverty

Seth Berkley

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 10, Seth Berkley assesses the effectiveness of Gavi in substantially declining rates of diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus; facilitating the development of an inexpensive vaccine for ... More


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