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Theories of Intentions and the Problem of Attention

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines the theoretical foundations of the selective attention thesis and three competing ones: the capabilities, strategic military doctrine, and behavior theses. It divides perceived ... More


British Decision Makers’ Perceptions of Nazi Germany’s Intentions

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the evolution of the views held by Britain’s key decision makers, including Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, about Nazi Germany’s ... More


Summary and Implications

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the book's empirical findings and explains their practical policy implications as well as their significance for international relations theory. The selective attention thesis ... More


Introduction

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book explores the question of how policy makers gauge their adversaries’ intentions and the implications of such intentions assessment for international relations and world affairs. It advances ... More


US Decision Makers’ Perceptions of Soviet Intentions: The End of the Cold War

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the indicators used by U.S. President Jimmy Carter and two key decision makers in his administration, National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski and Secretary of State Cyrus ... More


Epilogue: A Reconstructive Summary

Mihnea C. Moldoveanu and Roger L. Martin

in The Future of the MBA: Designing the Thinker of the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340143
eISBN:
9780199851775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340143.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter reconstructs, in a compact form, the arguments pointed out in this book. It explains that the MBA has a significant, demonstrable, and robust value to prospective employers as a ... More


Appointing Those who will Make Decisions

HOWARD M. HOLTZMANN and EDDA KRISTJÁNSDÓTTIR

in International Mass Claims Processes: Legal and Practical Perspectives

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207442
eISBN:
9780191708695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207442.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses the appointment of decision-makers in the claims process. Topics covered include who makes decisions on claims and by whom such decision-makers are appointed; whether ... More


Explaining National Behavior in Multilateral Interventions

David P. Auerswald and Stephen M. Saideman

in NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159386
eISBN:
9781400848676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159386.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter draws on a variety of literatures to model the national determinants of military behavior during multilateral interventions. Theories of principal-agent relations point to the importance ... More


What Causes Escalation?

Helga Drummond

in Escalation in Decision-Making: The Tragedy of Taurus

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289531
eISBN:
9780191684722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289531.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

Past investments are irrelevant to decisions about the future. The correct response is to invest in whatever option promises the highest return on investment. In practice, decision-makers may do ... More


US Decision Makers’ Perceptions of Soviet Intentions: The Collapse of Détente

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the indicators used by U.S. President Jimmy Carter and two key decision makers in his administration, National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski and Secretary of State Cyrus ... More


The Reasons for Rules

FREDERICK SCHAUER

in Playing by the Rules: A Philosophical Examination of Rule-Based Decision-Making in Law and in Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258315
eISBN:
9780191681844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258315.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the issues related to the relation between rules and suboptimizing decision procedures. It provides an argument in favour of rules, focusing on the distrust of certain classes ... More


What Are the Components of Choice?

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a neuroeconomic model that uses two basic concepts: the efficacy of a decision-maker's performance and effectiveness of a decision-maker's performance. Neuroeconomic efficacy ... More


The Integrative Thinker: A Vision of the High-Value Decision Maker in Postmodern High Capitalism

Mihnea C. Moldoveanu and Roger L. Martin

in The Future of the MBA: Designing the Thinker of the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340143
eISBN:
9780199851775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340143.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter highlights and argues for a particular conception of the future high-value decision maker, embodying skills and characteristics that make him or her unique from the prototypes for ... More


The Carter Era and the Collapse of Détente, 1977–80

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the relevant predictions of the alternative theses about how states should assess intentions by analyzing the case of the Carter administration during the period 1977–1980. ... More


Some Thoughts on the Principle of Revealed Preference

ARIEL RUBINSTEIN and YUVAL SALANT

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

An individual decision maker is described by a number of economic theorists using three concepts: 1) a collection of objects wherein one is not required to recognize something in an objective manner; ... More


Multiple Realities: The Third Way of Knowing

MITROFF IAN I. and LINSTONE HAROLD A.

in The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

One of the first systems that mark a transition between the old and new ways of thinking is the Kantian IS. It combines the “model part” of Analysis and the “data part” of Agreement into an ... More


Categories of Concerns and the Set of Beliefs that Connect Actions to Them

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the factors that affect a decision maker and various other players. The major categories of concerns for any player include societal outcomes, personal resources of influence, ... More


Business School 2.0: Can the Contemporary Scientific–Educational Complex Educate the Manager of the Future?

Mihnea C. Moldoveanu and Roger L. Martin

in The Future of the MBA: Designing the Thinker of the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340143
eISBN:
9780199851775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340143.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses why MBA academics and training programs do not address the problem of producing the high-value decision maker. It traces the problem to the sociology of the basic disciplines ... More


Epilogue: The Silent Virtues

FREDERICK SCHAUER

in Playing by the Rules: A Philosophical Examination of Rule-Based Decision-Making in Law and in Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258315
eISBN:
9780191681844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258315.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the relationship between rules and the allocation of power. It suggests that the use of rules as devices for the allocation of power is less effective in determining the cases ... More


Evaluation and quality assurance of health impact assessment

John Kemm

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter first distinguishes evaluation of a decision from evaluation of the HIA which informed it. It then discusses the meaning of effectiveness pointing out that there are ways other than ... More


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