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Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is an introduction to three methods of quantitative synthesis—meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis. These methods are used widely to summarize information in ... More


Implementing management for long-term sustainability

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter looks at how to implement management plans, monitor their conservation effectiveness and value for money, and ensure that they are resilient for the long term. Effective decision-making ... More


Public Values: Multiattribute-Utility Measurement for Social Decision Making

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter defines the problem of public values and summarizes some of the difficulties of present approaches to its solution. It then presents a technology, based on ideas drawn from contemporary ... More


Divide and Conquer: How to Use Likelihood and Value Judgments in Decision Making

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the concept of “divide and conquer” in decision analysis. The basic idea of “divide and conquer” consists of three steps. First, you take your cognitive, or your intellectual ... More


The Doctoral Degree in Social Work

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides an overview of the history of Ph.D. in the United States, including a Ph.D. in social work. Topics covered include the definition of the doctoral degree and examination of the ... More


Overview of the Methods

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the steps used in a systematic review and meta-analysis, a simple decision analysis, and a straightforward cost-effectiveness analysis. It makes liberal use of examples to ... More


Introduction

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter describes the overall objective of the book, which is to show how synthesis methods can be used to meet the challenge of making optimal use of existing information in making ... More


Clinical decision-making: treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with advanced cancer

Dawn Dowding and Miriam J. Johnson

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the specific issues connected to clinical decision-making concerning whether or not to treat a venous thromboembolism (VTE) patient with advanced cancer in the palliative care ... More


Estimating Probabilities

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how to select probability estimates for a decision analysis and how to justify the choice of probabilities. Because decision analytic models are often the basis for ... More


Sensitivity Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sensitivity analysis is an essential element of decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis. This chapter shows how to do sensitivity analysis. It describes one-way, two-way, and three-way ... More


Complex Decision Problems

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how to build and analyze decision trees with more than two alternative interventions, more that two outcomes, or both. Life expectancy is often the outcome measure in decision ... More


Reporting Results

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.16
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The published report of the results of a meta-analysis, decision analysis, or cost-effectiveness analysis is usually the only information about the study that is readily available to readers. Most ... More


Limitations

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.17
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Having taken a position of advocacy for the use of the three synthesis methods in the first sixteen chapters, this chapter identifies the serious limitations of the methods both theoretical and ... More


Planning the Study

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how to plan a study that uses methods described in this book. It describes why studies that use systematic review and meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness ... More


Exploring Heterogeneity

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.14
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The careful examination of heterogeneity is an important goal of systematic review and meta-analysis. This chapter explains why this is true. It begins with a description of the distinction between ... More


Evaluating Health Programs for Populations

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a framework for health program evaluation, including economic appraisal, technology assessment, and decision making in health care.


Real Options and Expanded Net Present Value

Patrick L. Anderson

in The Economics of Business Valuation: Towards a Value Functional Approach

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804758307
eISBN:
9780804783224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758307.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter demonstrates the importance of management flexibility regarding the timing, scale, and type of investments, which is the basis for the study of “real options.” The chapter describes an ... More


Decision analysis for delta exports

Jay R. Lund, Ellen Hanak, William E. Fleenor, William A. Bennett, Richard E. Howitt, Jeffrey F. Mount, and Peter B. Moyle

in Comparing Futures for the Sacramento - San Joaquin Delta

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261976
eISBN:
9780520945371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261976.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents recent scientific and technical findings and assessments to evaluate Delta export management strategies with respect to the environmental and water supply objectives for the ... More


Cognitive Work Analysis: Harnessing Complexity

Raya Fidel

in Human Information Interaction: An Ecological Approach to Information Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017008
eISBN:
9780262301473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.003.0012
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Cognitive work analysis (CWA) can address the complexity of human information interaction by parceling out the investigated phenomenon while preserving the relationships among the resulting parts. ... More


Clinical epidemiology

John A. Baron, Henrik Toft Sørensen, and Harold C. Sox

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Clinical epidemiology is the application of quantitative techniques to clinical issues such as diagnosis, treatment, and assessment of disease risk and prognosis. The discipline relies heavily on ... More


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