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Social Construction: The “Debunking” Project

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In his book The Social Construction of What?, Ian Hacking offers a schema for understanding different social constructionist claims along with a framework for distinguishing kinds or degrees of ... More


No Coincidence?*

Matthew Bedke

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 9

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198709299
eISBN:
9780191781056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709299.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The literature is now full of etiological debunking arguments for normative beliefs. This chapter focuses on those arguments that target varieties of normative realism and charge that alignment ... More


Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Alvin I. Goldman and Brian P. McLaughlin (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

It is generally agreed that physical science can shed light on many issues in metaphysics. But it is not widely recognized that cognitive science can do this as well. It is trivial, of course, that ... More


Moral Knowledge

Sarah McGrath

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198805410
eISBN:
9780191843488
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805410.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is an exploration of moral knowledge: its possibility, its sources, and its characteristic vulnerabilities. It addresses such questions as: what are the strengths and weaknesses of the ... More


Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism

Erik J. Wielenberg

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198714323
eISBN:
9780191782725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714323.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book draws on recent work in analytic philosophy (particularly meta-ethics and epistemology) and empirical moral psychology to defend non-theistic robust normative realism and develop an ... More


Bound: Essays on free will and responsibility

Shaun Nichols

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199291847
eISBN:
9780191795473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291847.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The problem of free will arises from ordinary, commonsense reflection. This book examines these ordinary attitudes from a naturalistic perspective, drawing on experimental philosophy and cognitive ... More


Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary

Daniel Z. Korman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198732532
eISBN:
9780191796760
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732532.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the central questions of material-object metaphysics is which highly visible objects there are right before our eyes. This book defends a conservative view, according to which our ordinary, ... More


Essays in Moral Skepticism

Richard Joyce

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198754879
eISBN:
9780191819865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754879.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral skepticism is the view that there is no such thing as moral knowledge. One form of skepticism (error theory) holds that moral judgments are all false. Another holds that moral judgments are ... More


Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability

Uri D. Leibowitz and Neil Sinclair (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198778592
eISBN:
9780191824326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778592.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

How far should our realism extend? For many years philosophers of mathematics and philosophers of ethics have worked independently to address the question of how best to understand the entities ... More


Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Joshua May

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The burgeoning science of ethics has produced a trend toward pessimism. Ordinary moral judgment and motivation, we’re told, are profoundly influenced by arbitrary factors and ultimately driven by ... More


Why There is No Darwinian Dilemma for Ethical Realism

William J. FitzPatrick

in Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199669776
eISBN:
9780191778650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669776.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides a realist response to Street’s ‘Darwinian Dilemma’ and to evolutionary debunking arguments more generally, showing that there is in fact no such dilemma for ethical realism and ... More


Debunking Blackness

Jeffrey B. Ferguson

in The Sage of Sugar Hill: George S. Schuyler and the Harlem Renaissance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300109016
eISBN:
9780300133462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300109016.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the art of debunking practiced by George Schuyler. Schuyler hoped that iconoclastic, intelligently critical humor would help to open the minds of his readers to a thoroughly ... More


Addressing the Myths: Recent Civil War Studies at the Blountville, Tennessee, and Resaca, Georgia, Battlefields

Christopher T. Espenshade

in From These Honored Dead: Historical Archaeology of the American Civil War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049441
eISBN:
9780813050195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049441.003.0017
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Two recent Civil War studies underline the importance of appropriate research and analytical methods in debunking persistent myths. The first example includes the KOCOA analysis of the Blountville ... More


Epistemological Advantages

Amie L. Thomasson

in Norms and Necessity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098193
eISBN:
9780190098223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098193.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that accepting modal normativism brings significant epistemological advantages. Those who aim to account for modal knowledge face the integration challenge of reconciling an ... More


Genealogical Debunking Arguments

Justin Clarke-Doane

in Morality and Mathematics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198823667
eISBN:
9780191862274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823667.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Genealogical Debunking Arguments. It argues that they misunderstand the significance of explanatory indispensability. Debunkers observe that whether the proposition that P is ... More


The Two Faces of Morality: How Evolutionary Theory Can Both Vindicate and Debunk Morality (with a Special Nod to the Growing Importance of Law)

Robin Bradley Kar

in Evolution and Morality: NOMOS LII

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814771228
eISBN:
9780814737828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814771228.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter differentiates “vindicating” from “debunking” evolutionary explanations of moral judgment, arguing that there is a specific set of circumstances in which people would be entitled to ... More


Against Minimalist Responses to Moral Debunking Arguments

Daniel Z. Korman and Dustin Locke

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 15

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198859512
eISBN:
9780191891861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859512.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Moral debunking arguments are meant to show that, by realist lights, moral beliefs are not explained by moral facts, which in turn is meant to show that they lack some significant counterfactual ... More


A Puzzling Combination

Christopher Cowie

in Morality and Epistemic Judgement: The Argument From Analogy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198842736
eISBN:
9780191878664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842736.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter it is supposed that the arguments of all previous chapters have failed. It is supposed that epistemic reasons are genuinely and irreducibly normative, and that the epistemic error ... More


Feckless Reason

Dominic McIver Lopes

in Aesthetics and the Sciences of Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669639
eISBN:
9780191749384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669639.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Empirical research on aesthetic response poses two challenges to philosophy. The more familiar challenge is that scientific explanations of aesthetic responses debunk what we take to be our reasons ... More


Debunking Moral Belief

Jonas Olson

in Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701934
eISBN:
9780191771620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701934.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the Moorean argument against moral error theory, i.e. the argument according to which many substantive first-order moral claims are more credible than crucial premises in, and ... More


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