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Using International Finance to Further Conservation: The First 15 Years of Debt-for-Nature Swaps

William K. Reilly

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines debt-for-nature swaps and their potential for offsetting sovereign debt. Debt-for-nature swaps originated in the 1980s as a way of preserving natural areas in the developing ... More


Current Debt Crisis in Historical Perspective

S. Ali Abbas, Nazim Belhocine, Asmaa El-Ganainy, and Anke Weber

in Post-crisis Fiscal Policy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027182
eISBN:
9780262324113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027182.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the ongoing debt crisis in advanced economies in historical perspective, with a view to identifying significant drivers of debt accumulation and subsequent debt reductions. The ... More


Public Debt through the Ages

Barry Eichengreen, Asmaa El-Ganainy, Rui Pedro Esteves, and Kris James Mitchener

in Sovereign Debt: A Guide for Economists and Practitioners

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198850823
eISBN:
9780191885693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850823.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

We consider public debt from a long-term historical perspective, showing how the purposes for which governments borrow have evolved. Periods when debt-to-GDP ratios rose explosively as a result of ... More


Fiscal Outlook in Advanced and Emerging Markets

Laura Jaramillo and Pablo Lopez-Murphy

in Post-crisis Fiscal Policy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027182
eISBN:
9780262324113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027182.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Using scenario analysis, this chapter examines the fiscal challenges facing advanced and emerging economies. The 2007 financial crisis left many countries, especially advanced economies, with a ... More


Treasury Finance during the 1920s

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides an overview of federal tax policy during the 1920s and describes how Treasury officials funded the debt reduction program. By the end of World War I the national debt stood at ... More


Paying down the War Debt

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines how the Treasury reduced wartime debt. Andrew Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury, and his colleagues first addressed the problem of refinancing the postwar overhang of short-term ... More


The Borrowers’ Good Deal

Price Fishback, Jonathan Rose, and Kenneth Snowden

in Well Worth Saving: How the New Deal Safeguarded Home Ownership

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226082448
eISBN:
9780226082585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226082585.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This HOLC delivered relief to borrowers by lengthening loan durations, lowering interest rates, and by requiring no principal payments for the first three years. However, HOLC modifications did not ... More


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