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Managing Divergent Employment Dilemmas

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The macroscopic changes to post‐industrial employment that were examined in the previous chapter are unlikely to affect all nations similarly. Job loss through de‐industrialization, e.g., will be ... More


The Dynamics of Welfare State Expansion: Trade Openness, De‐industrialization, and Partisan Politics

Torben Iversen

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the sources of pressure on contemporary national welfare states, all of which seek to show how examining the sources of strain carries implications for ... More


The New Old Economy: Networks, Institutions, and the Organizational Transformation of American Manufacturing

Josh Whitford

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286010
eISBN:
9780191713903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286010.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

American manufacturing is in crisis: the sector lost three million jobs between 2000 and 2003 as the American trade deficit shot to record highs. Manufacturers have increasingly decentralized ... More


The Rise and Fall of Homophobia

Mark McCormack

in The Declining Significance of Homophobia: How Teenage Boys are Redefining Masculinity and Heterosexuality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778249
eISBN:
9780199933051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778249.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter uses both survey data and qualitative research to examine the shifting nature of homophobia over the past thirty years. It argues that homophobia reached its apex in the 1980s, as a ... More


Business and Labour since 1945

Graham Brownlow

in Ulster Since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583119
eISBN:
9780191744822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.003.0019
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The economic performance of Northern Ireland since 1945 is considered in its broader UK and European context. In general, unemployment was considerably higher, and incomes per head generally much ... More


White Masculinity and Post-Apocalyptic Retrosexuality

Matthew Schneider-Mayerson

in Peak Oil: Apocalyptic Environmentalism and Libertarian Political Culture

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226285269
eISBN:
9780226285573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226285573.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Why were most peakists white males? This chapter explores the racial and gender dynamics of the peak oil movement using survey responses, online forum comments and peak oil fiction. It explains the ... More


The Foundations of ‘Thatcherism’ 1979–1983

Kenneth O Morgan

in The People’s Peace: British History 1945-1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198227649
eISBN:
9780191678769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter details the early years of Margaret Thatcher's regime and the related shift in national sentiment towards market philosophy, private ethic, and liberalism. Dubbed as the ‘Iron Lady,’ ... More


The Factory-Free Economy: Outsourcing, Servitization, and the Future of Industry

Lionel Fontagné and Ann Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198779162
eISBN:
9780191824333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779162.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In the United States, Europe, and Japan, the share of manufacturing employment has steadily declined, a process reinforced by offshoring and the international fragmentation of value chains. Are we ... More


Lush Life: Constructing Organized Crime in the UK

Dick Hobbs

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199668281
eISBN:
9780191760563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668281.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book opens ‘the box marked do not open, too difficult to deal with’, in the words of one Assistant Chief Constable, to explore the contested notion of British organized crime. The book traces ... More


East Ending: Dissociation, De-industrialization, and David Downes 1

Dick Hobbs

in The Politics of Crime Control: Essays in Honour of David Downes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199565955
eISBN:
9780191701948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565955.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

David Downes' Delinquent Solution was publicized in 1966 and presented a rich and rewarding picture of East London in the early 1960s. It produced a platform for scholars to understand the worlds of ... More


Chenangoes: The Replanning of Freight Flows in New York City

Jacob Shell

in Transportation and Revolt: Pigeons, Mules, Canals, and the Vanishing Geographies of Subversive Mobility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029339
eISBN:
9780262330404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029339.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

The preceding chapters of the book are primarily focused on rural or inter-urban transportation. This final chapter suggests that, at least in some places, top-down fears of patterns of subversive ... More


The Fading of Distinctiveness: Original People in a Sea of Newcomers

Elizabeth Lominska Johnson and Graham E. Johnson

in A Chinese Melting Pot: Original People and Immigrants in Hong Kong's First 'New Town'

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9789888455898
eISBN:
9789882204331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888455898.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The 1970s were marked by dramatic changes in government policies during the governorship of Sir Murray MacLehose. The New Territories became the locus of a planned population shift away from crowded ... More


Who Wants What Reform?

Mari Miura

in Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451058
eISBN:
9780801465925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451058.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines how employer preferences with respect to labor market reforms evolved in the new economic environment shaped by prolonged recession and globalization since the 1990s. More ... More


Power, Marginality, and Participation in Mexico City, 1870–2000

John Tutino

in New World Cities: Challenges of Urbanization and Globalization in the Americas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648750
eISBN:
9781469648774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648750.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Traces changing economic ways and political participations in the Mexican capital from the era of late nineteenth liberalism and emerging informalities, into times of revolution after 1910, through ... More


Boom, Echo, and Splinter: Citizenship and Growth in Greater Buenos Aires

Mark Healey

in New World Cities: Challenges of Urbanization and Globalization in the Americas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648750
eISBN:
9781469648774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648750.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Buenos Aires began the twentieth century as a prosperous port drawing European immigrants to serve a booming export economy. It expanded outward from its core of urban power and prosperity through ... More


‘Celia's Gate’ and the Strikes in the NHS

Tara Martin López

in The Winter of Discontent: Myth, Memory, and History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781781380291
eISBN:
9781781381588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781380291.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The chapter examines the crucial strikes in the National Health Service (NHS) during the Winter of Discontent and contextualizes them within historic currents in the health service since its ... More


The Great Divergence and The Great Specialization

Deepak Nayyar

in Catch Up: Developing Countries in the World Economy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199652983
eISBN:
9780191761263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652983.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the evolution of the world economy in a long-term historical perspective. In 1820, Asia, Africa and Latin America accounted for almost three-fourths of world population and ... More


The Three Threats to the ‘Golden-age’ Social Fabric

Christian Albrekt Larsen

in The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199681846
eISBN:
9780191761683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681846.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

De-industrialization, de-familization, and immigrants do shake our image of the ‘golden-age’ social fabric, but these forces do not necessarily lead to social erosion. This chapter demonstrates that ... More


The Political Economy of China’s Investment in Nigeria: Prometheus or Leviathan?

Omolade Adunbi and Howard Stein

in China-Africa and an Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198830504
eISBN:
9780191868696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830504.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Nigeria’s transition to civil rule in 1999 and the eventual consolidation of a liberalized economy by successive administrations have resulted in the signing of several business deals with the ... More


Better Late Than Never: Industrialization Spreads to the Poor Periphery

Jeffrey G. Williamson

in Trade and Poverty: When the Third World Fell Behind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015158
eISBN:
9780262295727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015158.003.0189
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the spread of industrialization to the poor periphery, focusing on Brazil and Mexico. It shows that industrialization of Brazil and Mexico was very impressive between 1870 and ... More


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