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The Nature of Necessity

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a study of the concept of necessity. In the first three chapters, I clarify and defend the distinction between modality de re and modality de dicto. Also, I show how to explain de re ... More


Necessary Intentionality: A Study in the Metaphysics of Aboutness

Ori Simchen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608515
eISBN:
9780191738241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608515.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Are words and thoughts necessarily about what they are about or are they only contingently so? This book defends the former alternative against the latter by articulating a requisite modal background ... More


Circumstances and “Impossibility”

Gideon Yaffe

in Attempts: In the Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590667
eISBN:
9780191595530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590667.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In cases misleadingly labeled “impossible attempts”, defendants fall short of completion because some circumstantial element of the crime is absent. Unable to show that the stereo the defendant ... More


De Re et De Dicto

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin the chapter by considering the distinction between modality de re and modality de dicto in the works of Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, G. E. Moore, and Norman Malcolm. I then consider two ... More


Getting a Thing into a Thought

Kent Bach

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter surveys various approaches to the analysis of singular thought, including those of Russell and Frege, evaluating them by reference to their capacity to solve what has been called the ... More


New Essays on Singular Thought

Robin Jeshion (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book presents ten new essays about singular (de re) thought by a distinguished international group of philosophers of mind and language, as well as a comprehensive introduction by the editor. ... More


Attitudes De Dicto and De Se

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this wide‐ranging paper, Lewis defends the view that propositional attitudes consist in relations to properties, which themselves are sets of possible individuals. In so doing, he champions the ... More


Modality De Re: Explanations

Alvin Plantinga

in The Nature of Necessity

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I explain modality de re in terms of modality de dicto because there are those who feel that modality de dicto is easier to understand. I argue that the de dicto properties of what I call the kernel ... More


Trying to Kill the Dead: De Dicto and De Re Intention in Attempted Crimes

Gideon Yaffe

in Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199572380
eISBN:
9780191728914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572380.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Both theorists and practitioners of criminal law have offered accounts of the mental state with respect to the circumstantial elements of a completed crime that is required for an attempt of that ... More


Unrestricted Exportation and Some Morals for the Philosophy of Language *

Kripke Saul A.

in Philosophical Troubles: Collected Papers, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730155
eISBN:
9780199918430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730155.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses a distinction that has a fairly long history in philosophy. In the contemporary discussion of intensional discourse it really should be attributed to Bertrand Russell in “On ... More


General possibilities

Ori Simchen

in Necessary Intentionality: A Study in the Metaphysics of Aboutness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608515
eISBN:
9780191738241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608515.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter completes the requisite modal metaphysical background to the book’s overall argument. It is argued that general possibilities such as the possibility that there be someone or other ... More


Possible Worlds and the Necessary A Posteriori

Frank Jackson

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

W. V. Quine's famous objection to essentialism has provoked two responses. The unfriendly response is that it conflates the de re and the de dicto. The friendly response does not dispute the point ... More


Cognitive states as relational

Ori Simchen

in Necessary Intentionality: A Study in the Metaphysics of Aboutness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608515
eISBN:
9780191738241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608515.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

In this final chapter it is argued that cognitive attitudes such as hunting, wanting, and worshipping, but also believing and the rest of the so-called propositional attitudes, are in the first ... More


Preliminary Distinctions and Remarks

Alvin Plantinga

in The Nature of Necessity

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I clarify the notion of necessity that I will be examining in the book. In the first section , I claim that the relevant notion of necessity is ‘broad logical necessity’, which I distinguish from ... More


Introduction to New Essays on Singular Thought *

Robin Jeshion

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents an overview of four outstanding problems about singular thought, together with an account of their development from theories of reference, perception, and representation. The ... More


Modality De Re: Objections

Alvin Plantinga

in The Nature of Necessity

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I discuss three objections to essentialism. The first objection is from Gilbert Harman, who claims that because numbers can be identified or reduced to sets it follows that numbers cannot have ... More


Rejecting the First Premise

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains and critically evaluates those solutions to the non-identity problem that involve rejecting the first premise of the argument that gives rise to the problem. These include ... More


The ontology of possibility

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the same theist claims that produce conflicts over necessary truth also drive theists to hold that God provides the ontology of all truths about possibility. It argues that ... More


Names in Thought

Brian Loar

in Consciousness and Meaning: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199673353
eISBN:
9780191758935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673353.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Kripke argued that his ‘strengthened disquotation principle’ together with certain other principles governing our de dicto belief ascriptions lead us in the case of puzzling Pierre to a ... More


Lewis on the De Se, Self-Ascription, and Centered Worlds

Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever

in The Inessential Indexical: On the Philosophical Insignificance of Perspective and the First Person

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686742
eISBN:
9780191766824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686742.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with an overview of Lewis’ critical and positive moves in ‘Attitudes De Dicto and De Se.’ It then argues that Lewis provides no new evidence for the existence of (or need to ... More


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