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Winners and Losers in the Panel Stage of the WTO Dispute Settlement System

Bernard Hoekman, Henrik Horn, and Petros C Mavroidis

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Most research on the role of developing countries in the WTO Dispute Settlement (DS) system has focused on their propensity to participate as complainants, respondents, and third parties. Much of ... More


Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Joaquin Quiñonero-Candela, Masashi Sugiyama, Anton Schwaighofer, and Neil D. Lawrence (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

Dataset shift is a common problem in predictive modeling that occurs when the joint distribution of inputs and outputs differs between training and test stages. Covariate shift, a particular case of ... More


Conclusion: Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Mariya Aleksynska and Yann Algan

in Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660094
eISBN:
9780191748936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660094.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This concluding chapter summarizes the very rich analysis and the main findings of the country-specific chapters. Despite the very different datasets and sampling techniques and sometimes different ... More


Managing the Data from Survey Development through Archiving

Peter Doré and Arlene Rubin Stiffman

in The Field Research Survival Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325522
eISBN:
9780199893850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325522.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter deals exclusively with the practicalities of how to manage data to increase and maintain reliability and accuracy. It focuses primarily on setting up the printed or computerized ... More


When Training and Test Sets Are Different: Characterizing Learning Transfer

Storkey Amos

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter introduces the general learning transfer problem and formulates it in terms of a change of scenario. Standard regression and classification models can be characterized as conditional ... More


Gender awareness of skilled immigration policies across the OECD: presenting the GenderImmi data set

Anna Boucher

in Gender, Migration and the Global Race For Talent

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099458
eISBN:
9781526104212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099458.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter presents a unique international dataset (the ‘GenderImmi dataset’) to analyse skilled immigration policies across twelve key OECD countries and thirty-seven visa types. Drawing upon the ... More


Data Sources

Andrea Prat, Oriana Bandiera, Luigi Guiso, and Raffaella Sadun

in The Ruling Class: Management and Politics in Modern Italy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588282
eISBN:
9780191595417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588282.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter analyses four datasets. The first two are collected for the purpose of this study, and contain information on a cross section of Italian managers and CEOs. The latter datasets are ... More


States in Disguise: Causes of State Support for Rebel Groups

Belgin San-Akca

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190250881
eISBN:
9780190250911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250881.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

States in Disguise provides a rigorous theoretical framework, within which to study the complex and fluid network of relationships between states and nonstate armed groups, including ethnic and ... More


Projection and Projectability

Corfield David

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter shows how the problem of dataset shift has been addressed by different philosophical schools under the concept of “projectability.” When philosophers tried to formulate scientific ... More


On Bayesian Transduction: Implications for the Covariate Shift Problem

Kai Hansen Lars

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter analyzes Bayesian supervised learning with extensions to semisupervised learning, and learning with covariate or dataset shift. The main result is an expression for the generalization ... More


On the Training/Test Distributions Gap: A Data Representation Learning Framework

Ben-David Shai

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses some dataset shift learning problems from a formal, statistical point of view. It provides definitions for “multitask learning,” “inductive transfer,” and “domain adaptation,” ... More


Author Comments

Shimodaira Hidetoshi, Sugiyama Masashi, Storkey Amos, Gretton Arthur, and David Shai-Ben

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter presents comments by the authors about dataset shift in machine learning. Topics covered include covariate shift and misspecification; and whether importance weighting is needed under ... More


Writing as a Tool

Rachel Augustine Potter

in Bending the Rules: Procedural Politicking in the Bureaucracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226621609
eISBN:
9780226621883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226621883.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 4 tackles the writing of a proposed rule, investigating how agencies can draft a proposal in a way that effectively insulates it from political oversight. The chapter begins with an ... More


Case studies in Bayesian screening for time-varying model structure: the partition problem

Zesong Liu, Jesse Windle, and James G. Scott

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0021
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter presents two case studies involving the problem of time-varying model uncertainty for many different time series observed in parallel. In the first case study, time-varying graphical ... More


Reforming Sovereign Lending Practices: Modern Initiatives in Historical Context

W. Mark C. Weidemaier

in Sovereign Financing and International Law: The UNCTAD Principles on Responsible Sovereign Lending and Borrowing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674374
eISBN:
9780191752315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674374.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Public International Law

In response to the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis, policymakers have initiated reform efforts all along the continuum between soft and hard law. One of the most ambitious is the United Nations ... More


Changes in Workplace Segregation in the United States between 1990 and 2000: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data

Judith Hellerstein, David Neumark, and Melissa McInerney

in The Analysis of Firms and Employees: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226042879
eISBN:
9780226042893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226042893.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The 1990 Decennial Employer-Employee Dataset (DEED) was developed based on matching records in the 1990 Decennial Census of Population to a Census Bureau list of most business establishments in the ... More


Introduction

Christine Léon de Mariz, Claude Ménard, and Bernard Abeillé

in Public Procurement Reforms in Africa: Challenges in Institutions and Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198714910
eISBN:
9780191783098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714910.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Institutional reforms and their contribution to development and growth have been the subject of numerous studies and the source of many challenges in the scientific literature and among policymakers. ... More


Dangerous Companions: Research Design, Data Collection, and Coding Procedures

Belgin San-Akca

in States in Disguise: Causes of State Support for Rebel Groups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190250881
eISBN:
9780190250911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250881.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces a new dataset on state support of rebel groups, clarifies the coding procedures used in this research, and provides historical examples from existing rebel groups and their ... More


Increasing Educational Inequalities?

Gabriele Ballarino, Massimiliano Bratti, Antonio Filippin, Carlo Fiorio, Marco Leonardi, and Francesco Scervini

in Changing Inequalities in Rich Countries: Analytical and Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687435
eISBN:
9780191767135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687435.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Education is one of the main features governing the course of life of individuals. At the micro level it has a positive impact on both economic and non-economic outcomes, at the macro level it is ... More


Mapping Party–Trade Union Relationships in Contemporary Democracies

Elin Haugsgjerd Allern, Tim Bale, and Simon Otjes

in Left-of-Centre Parties and Trade Unions in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198790471
eISBN:
9780191831751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790471.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses how to measure the closeness and range of party–union relationships empirically, and presents our data and methods in detail. It starts by defining what is meant by ... More


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