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DIS experiments and data

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by covering: kinematics for fixed target and HERA collider experiments; essential features of DIS experiments and detectors; and how DIS events are selected and the raw data ... More


Solving crystal structures from ED data

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The principles of how to solve crystal structures from electron diffraction (ED) data are described. Recording and quantification of ED data is not trivial, considering the sharp diffraction spots ... More


On the Empirical Content of Economic Theories

Werner Hildenbrand

in Economics Beyond the Millennium

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292111
eISBN:
9780191596537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292112.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Microeconomics

The author argues that the standard equilibrium model of economics is devoid of empirical content and that a theory based on individual rationality derived from introspection provides no explanations ... More


Arrays

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.09
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter is about scaling up. It introduces a list-like data structure used to collect and manage large numbers of DNA files and sequences for analysis. Any analysis that can be done on a single ... More


Introduction

Rafal Goebel, Ricardo G. Sanfelice, and Andrew R. Teel

in Hybrid Dynamical Systems: Modeling, Stability, and Robustness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153896
eISBN:
9781400842636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153896.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents the model of a hybrid system to be used in this volume. The focus is on the data structure and on modeling. The model suggests that the flow set, the flow map, the jump set, and ... More


Hash Tables

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.10
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces how data can be referenced by key words to collect and manage large collections of sequences and their related information in the versatile, table-like data structure of a ... More


Language in data processing and ontology engineering for journalism

Cate Dowd

in Digital Journalism, Drones, and Automation: The Language and Abstractions behind the News

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190655860
eISBN:
9780190098445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190655860.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Trigonometry in algorithms with NLP (Natural Language Processing) can sort word connotations. The Triple structure of grammar in the RDF also extends to semantics in machine learning and big-data ... More


Data Summaries and Representations: Definitions and Practical Use

Alain Barrat and Ciro Cattuto

in Multiplex and Multilevel Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198809456
eISBN:
9780191847073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809456.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The chapter “Data Summaries and Representations: Definitions and Practical Use” examines data structures used to deal with complex networked data, using temporal networks as a concrete case. Complex ... More


Lists

Alison Adam

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The concept of the list is a better understanding with the familiarization of data structure that classifies and organizes the information in chronological order. Entity groups, dimensional arrays, ... More


Implementing Gaussian elimination with symbolic factorize

I. S. Duff, A. M. Erisman, and J. K. Reid

in Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198508380
eISBN:
9780191746420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508380.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

We discuss implementation techniques for sparse Gaussian elimination, based on analysis of the sparsity pattern without regard to numerical values. This includes a discussion of data structures for ... More


Variable

Derek Robinson

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0038
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter begins with the distinctive definitions of a variable and continues with a discussion on the difference between programmer variables and statistician variables. It describes the role, ... More


Preliminaries

David J. Lobina

in Recursion: A Computational Investigation into the Representation and Processing of Language

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785156
eISBN:
9780191827235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785156.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Recursion, or the capacity of ‘self-reference’, has played a central role within mathematical approaches to understanding the nature of computation, from the general recursive functions of Alonzo ... More


Implementing Gaussian elimination without symbolic factorize

I. S. Duff, A. M. Erisman, and J. K. Reid

in Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198508380
eISBN:
9780191746420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508380.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

We describe the implementation of the ordering and solution algorithms of Chapter 7, emphasizing the use of a dynamic data structure for the pivoting strategy of Markowitz (1957) for unsymmetric ... More


Computer algorithms

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces some of the fundamental concepts of numerical network calculations. The chapter starts with a discussion of basic concepts of computational complexity and data structures for ... More


Mechanics of Survey Data Analysis

Melinda J. Moye and Alison L. O’Malley

in Employee Surveys and Sensing: Challenges and Opportunities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190939717
eISBN:
9780190939748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939717.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter the authors outline important issues to consider when setting up a survey so that the administration team or a third party vendor is able to conduct meaningful analyses afterward. ... More


Object-oriented programming

Michael Metcalf, John Reid, and Malcolm Cohen

in Modern Fortran Explained: Incorporating Fortran 2018

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198811893
eISBN:
9780191850028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811893.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The object-oriented approach to programming and design is characterized by its focus on the data structures of a program rather than the procedures. Often, invoking a procedure with a data object as ... More


Implementation

Rüdiger Verfürth

in A Posteriori Error Estimation Techniques for Finite Element Methods

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199679423
eISBN:
9780191758485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679423.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

We show how to use a posteriori error indicators for devising self-adaptive discretizations. The main techniques are mesh-refinement, mesh-coarsening, and mesh-smoothing. We also present some sample ... More


Algol Genes

Subrata Dasgupta

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In 1969 a “Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL 68” was published in the journal Numerische Mathematik. The authors of the report were also its designers, all academic computer scientists, ... More


Going Heuristic

Subrata Dasgupta

in It Began with Babbage: The Genesis of Computer Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199309412
eISBN:
9780197562857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199309412.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Let us rewind the historical tape to 1945, the year in which John von Neumann wrote his celebrated report on the EDVAC (see Chapter 9). That same year, George Polya (1887–1985), a professor of ... More


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