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The Politics of Numbers: Fertility Statistics in Recent Decades

Thomas Scharping

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter critically examines China's recent demographic data, especially the impact of the family planning programme on the quality of fertility data. It identifies various kinds of registration ... More


Environmental Data

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the conceptual and applied aspects of environmental data in the context of building and interpreting ecological niche models. It first examines how different suites of ... More


Collecting Public Health Surveillance Data: Creating a Surveillance System

M. Kathleen Glynn and Lorraine C. Backer

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the implementation of the decision to design a public health surveillance system. The first step involves establishing a clear purpose for the surveillance system consistent ... More


Quality assurance

Curtis L. Meinert and Susan Tonascia

in Clinical Trials: Design, Conduct and Analysis

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195035681
eISBN:
9780199864478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195035681.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Quality assurance, as applied to clinical trials, is any method or procedure for collecting, processing, or analyzing study data that is aimed at maintaining or enhancing their reliability or ... More


Data Quality

Tamar Lasky

in Epidemiologic Principles and Food Safety

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172638
eISBN:
9780199865727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172638.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Interdisciplinary collaborations between epidemiologists and risk assessors have been slow to make use of traditional epidemiologic approaches to data quality and data synthesis. This chapter ... More


Structure refinement

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structure refinement is a way to get more accurate atomic coordinates using ED intensities. A preliminary structure obtained from HRTEM or ED data can be refined with ED or X-ray powder diffraction ... More


Collecting High-Quality Data

Mary Kay Gugerty and Dean Karlan

in The Goldilocks Challenge: Right-Fit Evidence for the Social Sector

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199366088
eISBN:
9780199366118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199366088.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Without high-quality data, even the best-designed monitoring and evaluation systems will collapse. Chapter 7 introduces some the basics of collecting high-quality data and discusses how to address ... More


Extraction and Critical Appraisal of Data

Peter S. Curtis, Kerrie Mengersen, Marc J. Lajeunesse, Hannah R. Rothstein, and Gavin B. Stewart

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the data extraction process, meta-analysis database, and critical appraisal of data. The efficient and accurate extraction of data from primary studies is an important ... More


Cognitive Considerations in the Development of Citizen Science Projects

Rebecca C. Jordan, Joan G. Ehrenfeld, Steven A. Gray, Wesley R. Brooks, David V. Howe, and Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses cognitive considerations that need to be taken into account in the development of citizen science projects. It first looks at a research project with combined research and ... More


Core Principles of Data Privacy Law

Lee A. Bygrave

in Data Privacy Law: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199675555
eISBN:
9780191758904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675555.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses the basic principles of data privacy law. It presents the constituent elements of these principles, along with the similarities and differences in the way they are elaborated ... More


Mapping Policy Preferences From Texts: Statistical Solutions for Manifesto Analysts

Andrea Volkens, Judith Bara, Ian Budge, Michael D. McDonald, and Hans-Dieter Klingemann (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199640041
eISBN:
9780191757181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640041.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Manifesto data are by far the most extensive text-based set of policy indicators for political research. It is thus vital that their quality is established. The purpose of this book is to secure ... More


Medical databases

Henrik Toft Sørensen and John A. Baron

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Medical database is a term that refers to all types of registries and databases that contain health-related data. Medical databases are increasingly used in epidemiology and are often the only ... More


Making the Best Use of Beamtime

Eaton E. Lattman, Thomas D. Grant, and Edward H. Snell

in Biological Small Angle Scattering: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199670871
eISBN:
9780191749575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670871.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Extracting information from scattering data is very sensitive to the quality of the data. In this chapter data quality characterization is described, including initial data processing procedures to ... More


A method for collecting lifecourse data: assessing the utility of the lifegrid

Ann Del Bianco

in Researching the lifecourse: Critical reflections from the social sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447317524
eISBN:
9781447317531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447317524.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter draws on research which utilized the lifegrid to explore the living and working environments of esophageal cancer patients in order to assess the utility of the lifegrid as a data ... More


Methodological challenges of researching status dogs

Simon Harding

in Unleashed: The phenomena of status dogs and weapon dogs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781447300274
eISBN:
9781447307594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300274.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Chapter One sets out the methodology and the challenges of undertaking research into status dogs and weapon dogs. This includes establishing the primary and latent function of ownership and types of ... More


What Really Happened to Consumption Inequality in the United States?

Orazio Attanasio, Erich Battistin, and Hidehiko Ichimura

in Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services: Essays in Honor of Zvi Griliches

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226044491
eISBN:
9780226044507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044507.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines data quality issues for the analysis of consumption inequality, exploiting two complementary data sets from the Consumer Expenditure Survey—one known as the Interview sample and ... More


Introduction to Part I

Andrew Berg and Rafael Portillo

in Monetary Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198785811
eISBN:
9780191827624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785811.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Behavioural Economics

Developing an understanding of monetary policy in LICs must start with the evidence. This chapter briefly reviews the challenges facing the empirical researcher in SSA, including scarce and ... More


Theoretical Framework

David M. Willumsen

in The Acceptance of Party Unity in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805434
eISBN:
9780191843501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805434.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter sets out the theoretical framework of the book, and develops the hypotheses to be tested. It argues that the attitudes of MPs to party unity will be shaped by the career, electoral, and ... More


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