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Data analytics

Ifan Shepherd and Gary Hearne

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Data analytics have emerged in recent years as a family of overlapping, competing and hybridising products and practices. They have been championed by technology companies, academics, business users ... More


From policy analysis to policy analytics

Justin Longo and Kathleen McNutt

in Policy Analysis in Canada

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447334910
eISBN:
9781447334934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334910.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Policy analysis relies on data collected at discrete intervals along the policy cycle, from problem identification through evaluation. Policy analytics, in contrast, represents the combination of ... More


Police Pushback: When the Watcher Becomes the Watched

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter highlights how the police resist and contest big data analytics. Their resistance stems in large part from the proliferation of high-frequency observations and data collection sensors ... More


Using Analytics to Gain More Insights From 360 Feedback Data

Alexis A. Fink and Evan F. Sinar

in Handbook of Strategic 360 Feedback

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190879860
eISBN:
9780190051075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190879860.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Advanced analytical methodologies and data visualizations are transforming how human resource data are used in organizations. Through the application of these methods, 360 Feedback can be enhanced; ... More


Policing by Numbers: The Public History and Private Future of Police Data

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter traces the history of quantification in policing, from pin maps to predictive algorithms. It examines the surveillance landscape, starting with the “scientific turn” in policing in the ... More


False Positives: Opportunities and Dangers in Big-Data Text Analysis1

Geoffrey Rockwell and Stéfan Sinclair

in Hermeneutica: Computer-Assisted Interpretation in the Humanities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034357
eISBN:
9780262332064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034357.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

What is big data, and what does it have to do with the humanities? The Snowden revelations have drawn attention to the opportunities and dangers to the gathering of large collections of data, ... More


2016: The Turn to Mass-Targeted Campaigning

Jennifer Stromer-Galley

in Presidential Campaigning in the Internet Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190694043
eISBN:
9780190694081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190694043.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

The quest for data-driven campaigning in 2012—creating massive databases of voter information for more effective micro-targeting—found greater efficacy and new controversy in 2016. The Trump campaign ... More


Automated Text Processing and Data Mining

Maurizio Borghi and Stavroula Karapapa

in Copyright and Mass Digitization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664559
eISBN:
9780191758409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664559.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

One of the most prominent features of mass digitization is the automated processing of works for various research-related and commercial purposes. This includes text mining or linguistic analysis ... More


Coding Inequality: How the Use of Big Data Reduces, Obscures, and Amplifies Inequalities

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter looks at the promise and peril of police use of big data analytics for inequality. On the one hand, big data analytics may be a means by which to ameliorate persistent inequalities in ... More


Public Policy Privileges

Stavroula Karapapa

in Defences to Copyright Infringement: Creativity, Innovation and Freedom on the Internet

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198795636
eISBN:
9780191836930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795636.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

A substantial body of copyright infringement defences is primarily available to institutional users, such as educational establishments, libraries, and archives. In light of the advent of the ... More


Computing Possible Futures

William B. Rouse

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198846420
eISBN:
9780191881589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846420.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book discusses the use of models and interactive visualizations to explore designs of systems and policies in determining whether such designs would be effective. Executives and senior managers ... More


2012: Data-Driven Networked Campaigning

Jennifer Stromer-Galley

in Presidential Campaigning in the Internet Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190694043
eISBN:
9780190694081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190694043.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

The 2012 presidential candidates refined proven practices and ran the most data-driven campaigns in history. The candidates deployed social media, strategic online ad buys, and used their websites as ... More


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