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Inflation and the accelerating universe

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Einstein introduced the cosmological constant in his field equation so as to obtain a static universe solution. This constant energy density corresponds to a negative pressure, giving rise to a ... More


Loose Ends

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This excursion into physical law concludes with a peek over the horizon, a glimpse into the knowable unknown. Three principal issues are considered: (1) the origin of the universe, currently modeled ... More


Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Michael Munowitz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book interprets the book of nature for curious readers of all sorts, but especially for those looking to appreciate the power and beauty of physics without having to grapple with the ... More


Exploring the Universe With a Microscope

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Results from the LHC can expand our knowledge of the early stages of the universe. The connection between the world of particle physics and the structure of our universe is probably one of the most ... More


The Fire Each Time: Dark Energy and the Breath of Creation

Mary-Jane Rubenstein

in Cosmology, Ecology, and the Energy of God

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823238958
eISBN:
9780823238996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823238958.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter finds its point of departure in the 1998 discovery of “dark energy”: the counter-gravitational pressure of spacetime itself, which is accelerating the expansion of the universe. ... More


From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Peter Coles

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Cosmology has undergone a revolution in recent years. The exciting interplay between astronomy and fundamental physics has led to dramatic revelations, including the existence of the dark matter and ... More


New Horizons

HELGE S. KRAGH

in Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209163
eISBN:
9780191706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter summarizes the most important developments in theoretical and observational cosmology from about 1970 to 2005. On the theoretical side, the inflationary scenario of the very early ... More


Newton's Methodology and the Practice of Science

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I. Distinctive features of Newton’s method: Successively more accurate approximations and increasing empirical support from measurements. Part II. The Mercury perihelion problem: A proposal to ... More


Relational Blockworld Approach to Unification and Quantum Gravity

Michael Silberstein, W.M. Stuckey, and Timothy McDevitt

in Beyond the Dynamical Universe: Unifying Block Universe Physics and Time as Experienced

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198807087
eISBN:
9780191844850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807087.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, History of Physics

The main thread of chapter 6 prompts the need for quantum gravity (QG) and introduces the RBW approach to QG, unification in particle physics, dark matter, and dark energy. The details of RBW’s ... More


Believing the Big Bang

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Cosmology aims to build a coherent unified description of the entire universe as a single system. This means not just the disposition of everything that exists at a particular time, but also how this ... More


Dark Matter and Dark Energy

Robert Hudson

in Seeing Things: The Philosophy of Reliable Observation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199303281
eISBN:
9780199367627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199303281.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, two further historical case studies are examined. The first involves key telescopic observations that, for the astrophysical community, firmly established the existence of dark ... More


The Dark Side

Steven E. Vigdor

in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198814825
eISBN:
9780191852954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 6 deals with the remaining mysteries in cosmology—dark matter, dark energy, and inflationary expansion—and the experiments aimed at solving them. It reviews the evidence for dark matter, and ... More


The Dark Side of the Universe

Pauline Gagnon

in Who Cares about Particle Physics?: Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783244
eISBN:
9780191826269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783244.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Standard Model works incredibly well but applies to a mere 5% of the content of the Universe; 27% of the Universe is made of a strange type of matter, something absolutely mysterious called dark ... More


Cosmology

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Einstein's Physics: Atoms, Quanta, and Relativity - Derived, Explained, and Appraised

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669912
eISBN:
9780191744488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669912.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Einstein was the first one to apply GR to the study of cosmology. Spatial homogeneity and isotropy leads to the Robertson–Walker spacetime with the overall scale factor a ... More


Inflation and the Accelerating Universe

Ta-Pei Cheng

in A College Course on Relativity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199693405
eISBN:
9780191803130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693405.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The universe experienced a huge expansion in the earliest moments of the big bang. This cosmic inflationary epoch (with a large cosmological constant) can provide the correct initial conditions for ... More


Seeing Things: The Philosophy of Reliable Observation

Robert Hudson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199303281
eISBN:
9780199367627
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199303281.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of Seeing Things is to criticize a common way of arguing called ‘robustness reasoning’. With robustness reasoning, one claims that an observation report is more likely to be true (or, ... More


LHC and BSM

G. Barr, R. Devenish, R. Walczak, and T. Weidberg

in Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts with a review of the Standard Model (SM) cross sections at LHC energies. The resulting challenges for LHC physics are discussed with an emphasis on the trigger systems required. A ... More


Primal Emergence

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Since the Big Bang, the universe’s inflation and its aftermath might be called the “creation story” according to science, in which tremendously variegated order and deterministic pattern propagated ... More


Cosmology

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about the large-scale structure of the universe, how it is described in general relativity and recent advances in determining the cosmological parameters. The Hubble distance–redshift ... More


The Expanding Universe

Prasenjit Saha and Paul A. Taylor

in The Astronomers' Magic Envelope: An Introduction to Astrophysics Emphasizing General Principles and Orders of Magnitude

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198816461
eISBN:
9780191858246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816461.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter covers the now generally accepted ‘concordance model’ of the Universe, along with a few other historical models that were leading candidates previously. The theoretical underpinnings of ... More


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