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The Controlling Daimon

Stephen R. L. Clark

in A Parliament of Souls: Limits and Renewals 2

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198242369
eISBN:
9780191680458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242369.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the concept of the daimon, which is no real part of the psycho-physical organism called the human animal. One section focuses on reason as the controlling daimon.


Soulblind, or On Profanation

Zartaloudis Thanos

in The Work of Giorgio Agamben: Law, Literature, Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748634620
eISBN:
9780748652440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748634620.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter moves through a sequence of short meditations on Gilbert Simondon's theses on individuation, the contemporary syncope of meaning for Jean-Luc Nancy, Friedrich Nietzsche on Anaximander ... More


Colonizing the Supernatural: How Became Demonized in Late Antiquity

Sze-kar Wan

in Old Society, New Belief: Religious transformation of China and Rome, ca. 1st-6th Centuries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190278359
eISBN:
9780190278373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278359.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, World History: BCE to 500CE

The terms daimōn, “spirit,” “god,” even “genius” in Classical Greek were transformed into the negative “demon” by more than a mere linguistic sleight of hand. The transformation in fact encodes a ... More


Hannah Arendt

Sonja Boos

in Speaking the Unspeakable in Postwar Germany: Toward a Public Discourse on the Holocaust

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453601
eISBN:
9780801471957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453601.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Hannah Arendt's ultimately futile efforts at revealing herself in the realm of the public against the backdrop of her concept of “self-revelation.” It first reads Uwe Johnson's ... More


Demon

Giorgio Agamben

in The Adventure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037594
eISBN:
9780262345231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037594.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter reflects on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's treatment of four deities introduced in Macrobius's Saturnalia: Daimon, Tyche, Eros, and Ananke (Demon, Chance, Love, and Necessity). According ... More


Yeats’s Vision and the Feminine

Janis Haswell

in W. B. Yeats's A Vision: Explications and Contexts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780983533924
eISBN:
9781781382219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780983533924.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Mapping Yeats’s view of gender in A Vision requires extensive groundwork. The essay first considers how W. B. Yeats valorizes the feminine in relation to the divine, believes masculine and feminine ... More


The Scenography of Trauma: Oedipus as Tragedy and Complex

John Fletcher

in Freud and the Scene of Trauma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254590
eISBN:
9780823260973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254590.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter Five considers Freud’s turn to the two tragedies, Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and Shakespeare’s Hamlet. It locates Freud’s reading of them in the theoretical crisis of 1897 over the theory of ... More


“Everywhere that antinomy of the One and the Many”: The Foundations of A Vision

Neil Mann

in W. B. Yeats's A Vision: Explications and Contexts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780983533924
eISBN:
9781781382219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780983533924.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This essay examines the concepts that lie at the foundation of the Yeatses’ system in A Vision, many of which are unspoken or dealt with all too briefly. These partially hidden ideas inform much of ... More


Paideia, or Platonic Education, in Marius the Epicurean

Adam Lee

in The Platonism of Walter Pater: Embodied Equity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198848530
eISBN:
9780191882944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848530.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines Platonic education in Marius the Epicurean (1885)—that is, music and gymnastics, also known as paideia. As an apology for the ‘Conclusion’ to The Renaissance, Marius explains ... More


Drakōn Gods of Wealth and Good Luck

Daniel Ogden

in Drakōn: Dragon Myth and Serpent Cult in the Greek and Roman Worlds

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199557325
eISBN:
9780191745997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557325.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Archaeology: Classical

Chapter 8 looks at the drakōn gods of wealth and good luck: Zeus Meilichios, whose serpent form is celebrated in some particularly fine iconography, Zeus Ktesios, Zeus Philios and not least Agathos ... More


Plato’s Gorgias and Apology

Jon Stewart

in The Emergence of Subjectivity in the Ancient and Medieval World: An Interpretation of Western Civilization

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198854357
eISBN:
9780191888632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854357.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Chapter 7 explores some key themes in a couple of Plato’s dialogues. It begins with an account of the argument of Callicles, who, in the Gorgias, claims that it is a law of nature that the stronger ... More


The Nature of the Human Species: Conceptual and Applied Implications

Ofra Mayseless

in The Caring Motivation: An Integrated Theory

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199913619
eISBN:
9780190299002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913619.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter discusses conceptual and applied implications of the conceptual model regarding the caring motivational system suggested in this book to the nature of the human species. The implications ... More


British Responses

Michael D. Konaris

in The Greek Gods in Modern Scholarship: Interpretation and Belief in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Germany and Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198737896
eISBN:
9780191801426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737896.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The fourth chapter examines British responses to German scholarship and the treatment of the Greek gods in the new context created in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century by anthropology, ... More


The Stoic Philosopher Posidonius

John A. Jillions

in Divine Guidance: Lessons for Today from the World of Early Christianity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190055738
eISBN:
9780190055769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055738.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, Religion and Society

Posidonius of Apamea (c. 135–c. 50/51 BCE) was the thinker most influential in shaping the religious Stoicism that dominated the Greco-Roman world in the first century CE. He was a Greek philosopher ... More


Empedocles on Inner Pollution and Purity: Release from Suffering, Prayer, and Mental Exercise

Andrej Petrovic and Ivana Petrovic

in Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion: Volume I: Early Greek Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198768043
eISBN:
9780191821851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768043.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Chapter 4 discusses Empedocles, c. 490–430 BC, who relates that the inner, daemonic part of living creatures is in a permanent state of pollution. This pollution, which Empedocles labels kakotes has ... More


The Life and Work of Kierkegaard as a “Socratic Task”

Jon Stewart

in Søren Kierkegaard: Subjectivity, Irony, & the Crisis of Modernity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747703
eISBN:
9780191810657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747703.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

In this first chapter, the basic premise of the book is presented, namely, the idea that Kierkegaard used Socrates as his model. The chapter begins with an account of Kierkegaard’s early life and ... More


Hegel’s View of Socrates

Jon Stewart

in Søren Kierkegaard: Subjectivity, Irony, & the Crisis of Modernity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747703
eISBN:
9780191810657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747703.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Kierkegaard’s understanding of Socrates was shaped by the interpretation of the German philosopher Hegel, whose thought was a popular trend at the University of Copenhagen in the late 1830s. So this ... More


Kierkegaard’s View of Socrates

Jon Stewart

in Søren Kierkegaard: Subjectivity, Irony, & the Crisis of Modernity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747703
eISBN:
9780191810657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747703.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter’s goal is to explore Kierkegaard’s understanding of Socrates and to see where he agrees or disagrees with Hegel. We look at Kierkegaard’s analysis of Socrates’ daimon, the trial and ... More


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