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The Foundations of Ostpolitik: The Making of the Moscow Treaty between West Germany and the USSR

Julia von Dannenberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228195
eISBN:
9780191711367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228195.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Based on recently released archival sources, this book analyses the German-Soviet negotiations leading to the conclusion of the Moscow Treaty of August 1970. This treaty was the linchpin of the ‘New ... More


Conflict and Cooperation: American–Western European Relations (not) Redefined, 1969–1977

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the late 1960s, the wider framework for and the basic structure of the North Atlantic alliance was being challenged on virtually all fronts at the same time, causing the need for a reappraisal of ... More


Détente and Domestic Politics

Julian E. Zelizer

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how domestic politics shaped the foreign policy of détente during the 1970s. It first considers Richard Nixon's pursuit of détente as part of his national security agenda and ... More


Conservatives, Carter, and the Politics of National Security

Julian E. Zelizer

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how the conservative movement redefined and championed centrism by capitalizing on President Jimmy Carter's political struggles caused by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in ... More


The Carter Era and the Collapse of Détente, 1977–80

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the relevant predictions of the alternative theses about how states should assess intentions by analyzing the case of the Carter administration during the period 1977–1980. ... More


Looking Outward

Ryan M. Irwin

in Gordian Knot: Apartheid and the Unmaking of the Liberal World Order

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199855612
eISBN:
9780199979882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855612.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History, World Modern History

Divided into three sections, this chapter explains how the apartheid debate changed during the late 1960s. The first section opens by looking at the murder of South African Prime Minister Hendrik ... More


Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

John W. Young

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Largely because of his famous ‘Iron Curtain’ speech, Churchill is often remembered as a determined Cold Warrior. Yet, for all his fervent anti-communism, he saw the creation of the Western Alliance ... More


Return to Bermuda, October–December 1953

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the Bermuda conference and a three-power foreign ministers' conference, which took place in mid-October and December 1953, respectively. The foreign ministers' conference ... More


The Fag-End of Power, September 1954–April 1955

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses Churchill's decision to preside over a ‘fag-end administration’, after Eden's refusal to bequeath it. It discusses the fall of Malenkov, the second debate about the hydrogen ... More


Conclusion

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses some important concepts that were tackled in the previous chapters. The first is a summit — specifically the Geneva Summit — which was what Churchill had longed for. It then ... More


Setting the Stage: From Confrontation to Détente

Julia von Dannenberg

in The Foundations of Ostpolitik: The Making of the Moscow Treaty between West Germany and the USSR

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228195
eISBN:
9780191711367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228195.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents the idea that the New Ostpolitik was both an integral part of and an independent force in German approach to Western détente policy. It could develop only in the context of the ... More


Visiting ‘Ike’, November 1952–February 1953

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the Eisenhower presidency, showing a president who was undynamic, ineffective, and too inarticulate. Nevertheless, Winston Churchill continued his attempts to achieve détente, ... More


Proposing a Summit, May–June 1953

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the steps Winston Churchill took to propose a summit. It was part of Churchill's plan to achieve détente, despite the reservations of other world leaders. It looks at the ... More


Illness and Revival, July–October 1953

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses Winston Churchill's letter to President Eisenhower, which justified his campaign for détente. It also looks at Churchill's slow recovery after his stroke, and shows that ... More


Nixon's Back Channel to Moscow: Confidential Diplomacy and Détente

Richard A. Moss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813167879
eISBN:
9780813167909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167879.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

The changing international environment of the 1960s made it possible to attain détente, a relaxation of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Back-channel diplomacy—confidential ... More


Bombs and Back Channels

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Back channels—confidential channels of communication between two countries' leaders—had been deemed necessary as ways of exchanging views and negotiating deals. February 1969 stands out as one of the ... More


Breakthroughs

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Through Pakistani Ambassador Agha Hilaly, Zhou Enlai, the Chinese premier was able to send his message to Kissinger regarding his government's willingness to have a direct meeting or discussions with ... More


The First Test: Triangular Diplomacy and the Indo-Pakistani War

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kissinger's response to the Indo-Pakistani-Bengali crisis shows how inadequately his grand design—the triangular diplomacy and détente—fit with the realities of regional developments in South Asia. ... More


Renewal? Ford, Vladivostok, and Kissinger

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172218
eISBN:
9780199849994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172218.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Eager to demonstrate the continuance of détente, Kissinger found that the best means of renewing détente was the conclusion of the SALT II agreement. This chapter illustrates in detail the events ... More


Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Martin Klimke, Reinhild Kreis, and Christian F. Ostermann (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book uses trust—with its emotional and predictive aspects—to explore international relations in the second half of the Cold War, beginning with the late 1960s. The détente of the 1970s led to ... More


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